C# is best suited for applications on Windows, Android, and iOS, as it takes the help of the integrated development environment product, Microsoft Visual C++. C# is used on the back end of several popular websites like Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch. C# developers earn around $111,760 per year.
Kotlin is used extensively for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side application development. Some companies like Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates and many more, use Kotlin as their programming language.
Kotlin developers earn an average of $136,000 a year, with the potential to earn up to $171,500.
Go was developed by Google in 2007 for APIs and web applications. It has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages due to its simplicity, multicored networked systems and massive codebases.
Many companies use Go as their programming language including Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox.
Go developers can earn an average annual salary of $141,654, and hitting up to $261,000.
Many web developers find it essential to learn PHP, as this language is used to build more than 80% of websites on the Internet, including notable sites like Facebook and Yahoo.
Programmers mainly use PHP to write server-side scripts. But developers can, as well, use it to write command-line scripts, and programmers with high-level PHP coding skills can also use it to develop desktop applications.
On average, PHP programmers earn average annual salaries of about $107,409.
If you want to start with a language that is relatively simple to learn, consider Ruby. Developed in the 1990s, it was designed to have a more human-friendly syntax while still being flexible from the standpoint of its object-oriented architecture that supports procedural and functional programming notation. Ruby developers tout it for being an easy language for writing and also for the relatively short learning time required.
The average salary for a Ruby developer is around $121,000 per year.
6. C and C++
They are widely used in developing applications where performance is a critical issue, such as client/server applications, commercial products like Firefox and Adobe, and video games.
C and C++ developers earn an average of $118,366 each year.
A few years ago, Swift made the top 10 in the monthly TIOBE Index ranking of popular programming languages. Apple developed Swift in 2014 for Linux and Mac applications.
Swift is an open source programming language that supports almost everything from the programming language Objective-C. It requires fewer coding skills compared to other programming languages. Swift is used in popular iOS apps like WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, SoundCloud, and even in the game Flappy Bird. Professionals who develop iOS applications earn average annual salaries of around $106,652.
Programmers use Matlab to build machine learning and deep learning applications. Matlab-based programs enable users to analyze data, create algorithms, process images, and verify research.
Generally, Matlab is relatively easier compared to other languages from this list. MathWorks’ website has an extensive section dedicated to answering questions about Matlab.
The average Matlab developer takes home an average salary of $100,760 each year.
Scala is a general-purpose, type-safe Java virtual machine language that combines the best functional programming languages into one special high language. Scala is ideal for reducing and removing bugs in complex applications.
Programmers can use Scala for any task that they normally would use Java for. Scala is a complex language, but provides a lot of flexibility. Some Scala using companies are Netflix, Twitter, and the New York Times.
Scala developers earn a yearly average of $127,005.
Perl is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. It is widely used for various tasks, including web development, network programming, system administration, and more.
The average salary for a Perl Developer is $104508 per year.