If you are only starting to learn HTML, practice is the key to success. You might have heard that you should constantly engage yourself in a new language when learning it, or else you'll forget it. Well, the same goes for programming languages. You can't master it if you don't keep exercising it.
But for beginners, it can be a pretty challenging task. You are not knowledgeable enough to start chunky projects, yet you can't stay stuck learning the theoretical parts forever. So, the best solution is to find some beginner-friendly HTML projects that will help you get your hands on it.
Here, we will discuss some of the best HTML practices and beginner projects that will help you get started.
10 HTML Practice Projects to Try Out for Beginners
A tribute page
A tribute page is a page dedicated to someone you love or admire. It is one of the easiest things you can make using HTML, and it will also be a lot of fun. Is there an artist you honor? Or maybe you're a fan of a famous pop singer! Why not show your love and support by creating a small page where you would include a short bio, add links, photos, and your personal opinion.
Sounds fun, right? Well, the best part is that you will practice some of the basics of HTML! However, you might also need some basic knowledge of CSS to make it a little fancier. Here the source code for the tribute page to Steve Jobs to help you out.
A survey form
If you plan to work with HTML, then you should master form-making. It is an indispensable part of almost any HTML project. So why not start practicing it right away? While making a survey form, you will familiarize yourself more with the basic HTML tags, input fields, text fields, checkboxes, dates, radio buttons, and other crucial elements of the form.
If you want to take it to the next level, you can also create a web page containing the survey form. A beginner level of HTML knowledge should be enough to start, but again, some of the CSS will help to spice up your project. Here is the source code.
Product landing page
Suppose you end up working in a digital marketing agency. Oh my, do you imagine how many product landing pages you should make? You will be bombarded with tens of landing page tasks each week, so you should start building your landing page immune system already.
Jokes aside, making landing pages is a lot of fun. You can create an imaginary product in your mind and create a beautiful page for it. It will help you practice adding footers, headers, dividing sections, aligning items, creating columns, and much more. Of course, here, CSS is a must. The project will also help you play around with color combinations, margins, spaces between sections, boxes, paragraphs, and more.
Here is the source code for the landing page project.
Technical documentation page
Personal portfolio page
An online portfolio is something you personally will need as an HTML developer. You will love creating it even more if you are also engaged in some of the creative fields like photography, videography, arts, and pretty much anything which requires you a place to show off your works. How should you create a portfolio? Well, again, it will demand only the basics of HTML and some CSS.
First, create a header section where you will have all of your menus that take to the about page, contacts, or the showcase of your works. If you want to make it entirely professional, you can also add your CV to make it easier for your potential employees to learn more about you. And if you want your portfolio page to be more personalized, you can also add one of your images.
For this project, you will need to know how to crop and resize images, but if you find trouble with it, use Gimp. It is available on Windows and Linux and is free of charge.
Google.com is the most used page on the Internet. All of us visit it countless times during the day. But did you know that you could also create it? No, we are not talking about the functional parts; we are talking about the look of it. Maybe you could even customize it and add your design to it. In short, it is pretty simple. You'll just need to add the logo, two buttons, and a text box. All you need to create it is HTML and CSS. In fact, this can be one of your first projects!
You can find the source code for the Google.com page here.
Google search result page.
If you can create the Google homepage, then you can create the search results page too! Again, we're talking about the look, not the functionality.
For this project, you will need to create a page with ten results and also page navigation buttons. In fact, if you start with the Google.com project, it should be easier for you to switch to this one. It demands nothing but basic HTML and some CSS. Here is the video tutorial for the project.
A parallax website is one of the most trendy websites you can create today. It consists of some fixed images that, as you scroll down, change or open up new parts. If you create a parallax website, it will certainly stand out against the competition and make your visitors stay on the page for longer. So as your next HTML project, you can give it a shot. Divide your page into four background images and align your text accordingly. Then add the position of your background and some other CSS elements. Eventually, you should get the parallax effect. Here is a simple parallax website to get inspired. And if you need a short tutorial on how to make it, here you go.
This one is a special treat for all the gourmets out there. If you love restaurants and restaurant pages, you will enjoy creating a website for an imaginary restaurant (or maybe the real one, who knows). Here you can create beautiful images for different meals and showcase your menu. The design of your page is totally up to you; you can add some sliding images, play around with font styles and colors, add some prices, and so on. To level up the project, you can also add links to redirect to internal pages. Here is the source code for the project.
Finally, the last one in our list of HTML project ideas is the event webpage. As the name suggests, for this one, you should create a simple page for an event or a conference. What do you need for that? Well, the venue, the schedule, and some great images to allure the potential participants. As usual, you need the HTML/HTML5 along with the CSS to create this page. Here is the source code for the event webpage.
You need some HTML practice to become a better HTML developer; that is why in this blog post, we have covered the ten most simple HTML projects you can start working on as a beginner. If you practice enough, you'll be surprised how fun and easy the learning process can be!
After all, if you keep repeating what you already know, you will never achieve your long-term coding objectives. Simultaneously, you want to pick projects that aren't too challenging. Finding a project concept that is just a touch above your current skill level is the key.
You'll make a 33-square grid and have two players take turns marking it with cross and circle symbols. The first person wins the game to get three marks in a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal row.
I find it helpful to design a short flow chart to visualize the potential outcomes of a basic game like Tic Tac Toe. It's easier for me to start creating actual code when I can see the flow on paper.
The logic is straightforward:
A certain number of cards are face down on the table. The player must locate all of the pairs. You can increase the difficulty by limiting the number of guesses or imposing a time limit on the game's completion.
The most straightforward technique to make matching cards is to use distinct colors that the player must match. However, you can also utilize photos, icons, or numbers.
You can add new features to help you manage your to-dos more efficiently as your skills grow. To organize your to-dos, for example, you may use multiple lists adjacent to each other.
Begin by learning only a few fundamental operators and buttons for additions, divisions, multiplications, and subtractions.
You're done! Play around with some CSS to make it seem nice.
Find an example of this project here.
You can also reuse the code from your JS timeline in other similar projects. Let's imagine you want to break down crucial stages for your website visitors into bite-sized chunks. You may use the timeline code to show your readers little chunks of a single topic or piece of material without overwhelming them with too much information all at once.
You can develop a portfolio website to promote your projects if you want to make money freelancing. For example, provide a quiz on the site to assist potential clients in finding the appropriate services for their concerns.
Here are some suggestions for extra functionality for your code editor:
For syntax highlighting, use CSS. Make it possible for the user to switch between languages.
Next to your editor, add a screen where the user can run the code.
It might be challenging to calculate tips at times, especially after a long day of coding.
If you want to avoid the hassle of manually calculating your tips, create your tip calculator that you can use whenever and wherever you choose. Furthermore, this program never produces calculations, blunders, or errors.
A palindrome is a phrase or word that reads the same in both directions.
As a result, if you're just getting started, be sure you're acquainted with the language before embarking on this project.
Back in the day, Pong was one of my favorite video games!
Did you know it was the first commercially successful video game of all time?
Start by considering the game's rules and mapping out the many events that your code must handle. You'll probably think of a few ways to make the game more enjoyable while you construct it.
Counter is a crucial component for using dashboards in the application, and it will be created with some script codings in the web site. It also creates a simple vote counter for counting the number of items in the packages, and votes. In real-world circumstances, it mostly employs the Pusher API for generating and deploying node.js applications. Using these packages, we can design our own unique views, and it also carefully monitors changes, particularly in the amount of votes for a certain item.
This is a helpful and straightforward tool for displaying the weather in different areas. The weather display updates instantly when the location name is changed, without requiring a page refresh. The user interface is well-designed. It's worth noting that most weather apps acquire their data from an API. We'll utilize OpenWeatherMap, which is a well-known and widely used API. There are three files: index.html, main.js, and main.css. Although all of the code can be written in a single file (HTML), it is cleaner and easier to maintain files.
Although there are many methods defined in the JS of this code sample, it may appear not very easy at first, but you will discover that it is quite straightforward as you read through the code. You may also run the code line by line to check how it is executed.
Let's look at an example of a simple form validation project here.
Snake was a popular video game in the late 1970s. The fundamental goal is to avoid touching the walls or the snake's body while navigating a snake and eating as many apples as possible.
The stages we'll take today are as follows:
- Show the board and a snake that is still.
- Make the snake move on its own.
- To modify the snake's direction, use the arrow keys.
- Score by including food.
- Final thoughts and resources
So, what are your plans for the next few projects? Please let me know in the comments section below!
The production of modern web pages is made possible by the collaboration of three languages. These are the following:
- HTML, or hypertext markup language, is a programming language for putting content on a web page. It supports the addition of text, images, links, and even videos. HTML, for example, allows you to place a login button in a specific location on your website.
- CSS is a stylesheet language that is used to style HTML content. Using CSS, you can change the shape, size, color, and style of the login button you added with HTML.
Back-end development is concerned with the parts of a website that are not visible to the user. Server-side development is another term for this.
Databases, APIs, file servers, cloud services, and other back-end development projects are all part of back-end development.
Mobile App Development
The process of building software for a mobile device is known as mobile app development. It entails the creation of applications for mobile platforms.
Games are one of the most enjoyable projects to work on because they may be enjoyed by both you and the end-user.
Phaser Js, Babylon Js, and Lime Js are examples of these engines.
Add Interaction to Web Pages
- With a press of a button, you can reveal or hide more information.
- When the mouse lingers over a button, it changes color.
- On the site, you can scroll through a carousel of photographs.
- Zooming in or out on a photograph
- Using a website to display a timer or countdown
- Audio and video can be played on a web page.
- Animations are displayed.
- Using a hamburger menu with a drop-down menu
- Compatibility with other languages: Web servers run in a variety of languages. Python, PHP, Ruby, Rails, ASP.NET, and Java are just a few examples of programming languages.
- Programming without a compiler: Traditional coding requires the use of a compiler. A compiler is used by a browser to convert raw code into understandable syntax.
Having extraordinary coding skills is one thing but mastering common web developer interview questions is another story. That is what can help you achieve your career goals, so you should understand the importance of the preparation phase and consider it seriously before applying to the desired company.
To avoid stress and depression before and after the awaited day, you'll need to prepare thoroughly for the upcoming coding interview. You must be familiar with the interview questions for web developers. This will increase your self-assurance and reduce your tension before the phone or in-person interview.
In this article, we’ll go through the fundamentals of the developer interview process, including the most typical web developer questions you can expect from interviewers and how to answer them in a way that will make them say “WOW.”
Well, let’s get to the point. 15 question you should know well are the following;
General Interview Questions
1. What drew you to the field of coding?
Alternatively, why do you want to be a software developer?
The majority of interviewers begin with a series of preliminary questions like this. When answering these software engineer interview questions, simply use common sense. Make every effort to be as open as possible. Tell them what drew you to coding in the first place and why you applied for this position.
2. What languages do you work with specifically?
It's that simple. It would help if you concentrated on the languages your web development profession will demand you to use the most. Knowing numerous languages, such as C++, Java, and Python has recently attracted interviewers' interest. So be aware of that when you apply.
3. What has been your coding experience so far?
Because you've presumably recently graduated or completed a coding boot camp or something similar, interviewers won't demand years of experience (and may even skip that question) if you're applying for an entry-level web developer job. However, if you're seeking a position as a senior software engineer, you'll need years of expertise to back up your application.
4. Tell me about your most proud software engineering project. What did you do that was exceptionally successful?
Interviewers are particularly interested in hearing about complex challenges that only a few individuals in the team could solve but which you were able to do yourself. It's crucial to remember not to try to impress the interviewer; it might sound really fake if you do that.
You'll make a desperate impression instead of a nice one. When discussing the problem that no one else has been able to solve except you, be casual. As a result, you’ll project self-assurance and knowledge. It's crucial to be humble when answering this kind of web dev interview questions.
5. Tell me about your least favorite software development project. What would you change if you could?
Learning from your mistakes is an essential skill. Be as open and honest as possible when it comes to admitting past mistakes. Discuss the lessons you've learned so far. Basically, describe how you overcame your greatest obstacles and stood stronger.
Technical Interview Questions
When interviewers ask you “explanatory” questions about software engineering, the goal isn't to explain the definition but to inform them how you'll utilize it in your code. This shows the interviewer that you are capable of “thinking.” It also demonstrates how you approach coding.
7. How do you keep your class modules and assets organized?
Michael Miller, CEO of VPN Online, deserves credit for this. You can write your code in a variety of ways, and all of them are correct. The company you want to work for is likely to have a code writing standard, and your response will be compared to that standard. Typically, most firms seek out engineers who use the simplest method to code and aim to weed out those who prefer a more complex approach. This is because businesses want their code to be simple to maintain and document.
8. What is the distinction between white box and black box testing?
Black box testing is only used to determine whether or not an input is accurate. On the other hand, white box testing examines the function's implementation as well, determining whether it is correct or not.
9. What would you say to non-technical stakeholders about APIs?
It acts as a link between software products. It enables software systems to communicate and synchronize with one another. You can, for example, utilize Facebook's API to show your Facebook posts on your website. Allow visitors to share or comment on your content right from your website, rather than go to Facebook.
10. What's the difference between a non-functional and functional requirement?
A system's type is described by a non-functional requirement (accessibility, maintainability, security). A functional condition, on the other hand, outlines the system's precise capabilities.
11. Could you explain the MVC (model-view-controller) architecture?
It separates the user interface from the data. The MVC design is mostly used for graphical user interface (GUI) applications. The data is stored in the model layer, the information is sent to the user through the display layer, and the controller is the one that makes changes to the model based on user input.
12. Explain big-O notation in the most basic words possible
The big-O notation expresses the speed of an algorithm. This is important regardless of whether you're analyzing other people's algorithms or your own.
The Big-O notation, commonly known as Landau's symbol, describes how a function's runtime or space need increases as the input size grows. This means that the algorithm's speed is measured in the number of operations performed rather than in seconds.
13. What is the definition of a recursive function?
A function that either directly or indirectly calls itself. Instead of running the operation recursively, the recursion continues until it hits a set of parameters that return a value. A recursive function can swiftly handle specific problems.
14. Create a function that calculates the Fibonacci number N.
Geeksforgeeks provided the following code block. It serves as an excellent illustration.
//Fibonacci Series using Recursion
using namespace std;
int fib(int n)
if (n <= 1)
return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2);
int main ()
int n = 9;
cout << fib(n);
// This code is written
(Credits to Akanksha Rai)
15. What is the A* algorithm, and how does it work?
It's a pathfinding and graph traversal computer algorithm that's commonly utilized. It uses a heuristic function to calculate the cost of getting from node A to node B. Each step's nodes are grouped in a priority queue.
It adds every node next to the start node into the queue, along with their cost estimates, using the formula f(n) = g(n) + h(n). The actual cost from the start node to node n is g(n), whereas the heuristic function is h(n). The node with the lowest anticipated cost f(n) is enlarged further at each stage. When the final node in a path expands, it is said to be complete.
That concludes this discussion of the most typical software developer interview questions and responses. Whether you're a starter web developer or an experienced software engineer, these interview questions and answers should be valuable to you. You might read the article again to improve your self-assurance even further as you prepare for the interview.
What is Java, and why is everyone talking about it? If you are new to the programming world, you should have already figured out that programmers use different languages to code.
Like real languages, programming languages have their syntaxes and specific set of rules. Because computers would not understand human languages, we use the different programming languages to dictate our commands. And Java is one of the most famous of them.
In fact, according to the 2021 statistics, it is the second most popular programming language in the world. But why is Java so famous, and why should you consider learning it? We'll figure it out right away:
What is Java used for?
A question that bothers all beginner programmers: what is Java used for? Java uses vary. It is a general-purpose programming language you can use in web development, enterprise-class applications, android development, and more.
Where is Java used? Here are some of the most common spheres:
- Financial services: Java is used in server-side applications
- Stock market: Java is used to write the algorithms that decide which company people should invest in.
- Research Community: To deal with a vast amount of data, researchers might use Java.
- Banking: Java is used in transaction management.
But we still have not defined Java properly, so here is a clear answer to the question:
What is Java?
Released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems, Java is an object-oriented, cross-platform programming language used in different applications, such as audio or video apps, social media apps, and games.
Why is Java so popular?
Java remains popular today because it is constantly tested, updated, and refined. And as a Java developer, you'll always have a large community of Java developers and enthusiasts ready to help you with any problem.
Now that we have figured out what is Java for and what does Java do, let's discuss:
The Benefits of Java Programming
Here are the three main advantages of the Java language:
It is easy to learn:
Java's primary purpose was to be easy to use. It was designed as an easy to write, debug, and compile language, making it easier to learn than other programming languages.
It is object-oriented:
Object-oriented programming or OOP is considered one of the most natural programming languages. It allows you to break down the problem into smaller pieces and solve them one by one. It also helps to create modular programs and make the code more reusable.
It is platform-independent
Finally, one of the most significant advantages of Java is that you can run it in different computer systems as it is compatible with almost all of them.
Big names that use Java
Want to know which are some of the most famous companies that use Java? Here are just a few names:
- Google: Yes, the famous Gmail that you use every day has Java in it. Java is also at the core of Google Web Toolkit. In general, in the kingdom of Android-based apps, Java is the ruler.
- Airbnb: The most famous company using Java is probably Airbnb, where most of the back-end is written with Java.
- Netflix: The popular streaming platform Netflix also uses Java and Python for its back-end.
Some other influential names are Uber, Pinterest, Instagram, Spotify, Amazon, Slack, etc.
How to learn Java
Now that we have discussed all the basics of Java and its main advantages, it is time to understand how you can learn it. Every day the Internet is flooded with different Java beginners who google how to learn Java as quickly as possible. So we know the struggle. The good news is, it is possible to learn Java quickly and start practicing it.
Online Java-learning courses
Some of the platforms with online Java courses out there are:
- Codecademy: Codeacademy is an online interactive platform that has classes for different programming languages, including Java. The Java courses suit both beginners and experts, and the best part about the platform is that you also get a chance to practice it.
- Udemy: If you ever searched online courses, you have certainly come across the name Udemy. Udemy is one of the largest companies of online lessons, and they also have a lot of programming courses out there. You can check out their Java beginner courses, and once you finish them, you can easily switch to the more professional ones.
- YouTube: It is useless to mention that YouTube has endless resources for all Java enthusiasts. Many Java programmers keep YouTube channels and share their experience with Java beginners. You can find a lot of tips and tricks, as well as complete beginner courses.
How much will it take to learn Java?
If you are entirely new to Java and want to become a proficient Java developer, you might need approximately 1-2 years to do so. This is if you take 2-3 hours each day to practice your Java skills. But in general, four months should be enough to familiarize yourself with the language and edit someone else's code.
Java is the second most used programming language today, following Python. It has been around since 1995 and has maintained its popularity until today. It might take you around two years to be proficient in the language, but in the end, you can be sure to find a lot of suitable vacancies and, eventually, a well-paying job.
What can be better than learning something by practicing it? Coding is not philosophy: you can not know only the theoretical part and consider yourself a developer. On the contrary, coding demands a hands-on approach to studying if you want to learn it quicker. But most of the projects out there are rather complicated, and you cannot solve them if you are a beginner.
So, we have singled out the 10 Java projects for beginners for Java enthusiasts to start quickly. Without further adieu, let's jump straight into:
10 Java Projects for Beginners
These Java projects for beginners are real gems for all the Java learners out there
Smart City Project
Smart City Project is one of the most exciting projects you can complete as a Java beginner.
The project is about creating a platform where the tourists and city visitors, in general, can find information about hotels, popular tours, bus and train tickets, event bookings, and pretty much anything else they might need to start exploring the city.
It is like creating a small city guide that would have all the necessary resources in it. The Smart City project is a web-based project, and it uses the Java languages for solving most of the problems.
In short, it is pathfinding, ticket booking, and hotel searching platform. You'll have fun creating it for sure! Here is the source code for the Smart City project.
You have certainly used an online platform at least once in your life to convert one country's currency to another. But did you know that you, too, can make one of those platforms using Java? The currency converter project is all about it.
As you know, the currencies for each country vary, and they have some daily variations to one another. So when someone uses your platform to transfer money, he should also be informed about these variations and the most updated currency exchange rate.
Your role as a Java developer is to create a mini platform where people can convert and exchange money from one currency to another.
It will be a great practice, and in fact, you might need to develop a similar project if you end up working in finance and business-related spheres. The Currency Converter project uses Ajax. You can find the source code for the Currency Converter here.
Number Guessing Game
If you want to make your Java learning a little more fun, this project might be ideal for you. The Number Guessing Game is about making your user guess the random number that the computer has generated. Here is a more detailed explanation:
- The computer generates a random number that is between 1 and 100
- The user enters their best guess in the dialogue box prompted to them.
- The computer tells whether the guessed number is correct or not. If it was incorrect, it hints whether the number is higher or lower than the generated one.
- The game ends when the user guesses the generated number.
If you want to take the game to the next level, you can also limit the number of guesses, display the score, add more rounds or even give the user some bonuses based on their guesses.
The Number Guessing Game is a more manageable project compared to the other java projects for beginners in this list. So it can be one of the first ones to start with.
Here is the code source for the Number Guessing Game.
Brick Breaker Game
Another fun game for Java beginners is the Brick Breaker Game. You have certainly played one of these games during your childhood.
In this game, you are given a small ball with a platform, and the rule is to break the bricks without letting go of your platform. The user is moving the platform around using the arrow keys on his keyboard.
This game, just like the number guessing game, can be recreated using Java. You will practice the OOPS concepts and many other Java principle concepts while having fun creating the project.
So if you want to go back to childhood for a little, and experience the nostalgia of the Brick Breaker Game one more time, here is the source code to help you.
Data Visualization Software
In the 21st century, data visualization is one of the most popular fields. Many companies need to represent their data or statistics in an understandable way for their users. All those fun infographics, data visualizing animations, and other scientific data visualization methods can be done using Java.
The famous Data Visualization Software project aims to:
- Represent complex data using infographics or other visual graphics.
- Create both functional and aesthetic representations of data.
- Convey the idea behind the data efficiently and provide all the necessary details.
Many data can be hard to unriddle, but it does not mean they do not contain important information. The goal of any data visualization project is to make any data clear and analyzable. You can represent the data using charts, graphics, or even animations.
You can find the source code for the Data Visualization project here.
Let's switch from games to more serious projects. You certainly are familiar with the functionality of ATMs. There are five main functions you can make with an ATM.
Withdraw money, make a deposit, check the transactions history, transfer money or quit. Now you can create a project that creates a similar ATM interface and conducts these five functions.
For your project, you should first ask your user to provide their ID and user pin. If the user provides the details successfully, the menu with the five functionalities pops up. Once your user chooses the option, he unlocks the further functionalities for the specific selection.
However, consider that the ATM Interface project is a comparatively complicated one and is a console-based application where you should use five different classes. So you might leave it to complete in a stage when you are more comfortable with Java.
Here is the source code for the ATM Interface project in Java.
Web Server Management System
Web Server Management System is a project that deals with information management and maintenance. In real life, a similar project is beneficial for active eCommerce websites.
As a Java programmer, you should find the solution for Web Server Management System by following these steps:
- Identify if the consumer is a business entity, an individual user, or another webserver
- Identify which is the physical location of the user
- Identify the URL authorities and names
- Keep the relationships between the company's web services and consumers
You can find the source code for the Web Server Management System here.
Airline Reservation System
Another pretty interesting Java project is the Airline Reservation System project. Here you should create a platform that will allow users to:
- Reserve and cancel tickets
- Automate the functions of the system
- Provide quick and automated customer responses
- Deal with the routing functions and transaction management
- Keep the passenger data
Here is the source code for the Airline Reservation System project.
Online Book Store
If you are a fan of book stores, especially the online ones, you will love this one. The Online Book Store project is a popular one that aims to simplify the book purchasing process by creating an efficient system that will find the books and identify whether they are available or not.
You can find the source code for the project here.
Snake Game in Java
The Snake Game joins the Brick Breaker and Number Guessing games. It is a 90's game where the purpose is to make the snake eat the tokens without touching the boundaries. The user loses whenever the snake touches the boundary or the screen, and in the end, you should also display the final score.
You can find the source code for this popular game here.
As you can see, you don't need to be an advanced Java developer to start working on Java projects. In this blog post, we have mentioned some of the java projects for beginners to start practicing right away. Good luck!
The best way to learn Java is to do Java. This language in programming is one of the most popular ones in 2021. It is a powerful, statically typed, safe, and class-based programming language that has dominated the internet for quite some time. Java is used in practically every industry, including retail, banking, healthcare, and logistics.
It can be used for mobile, desktop, and web apps, games, web servers, application servers, database connections, client-side validations, and many other things. The product is free, and the fact that it is open-source adds to its appeal.
So if you feel a bit confused about learning Java, we are here to put you on track and guide you through the learning process by giving some useful instructions.
Why Learn Java?
- It is the world's most widely used programming language. It has become the de facto standard. According to Oracle, Java is used by 3 billion devices.
- It's an excellent starting point for learning other programming languages (C, C#, and C++). One of the main arguments in favor of studying Java first is that it teaches you how to think like a programmer, thus providing a solid foundation to move forward. It's also a language for object-oriented programming (OOP). Students must have a particular level of logic to learn OOP.
- It's an advanced language. It's been around for quite some time. What good does that do? If you're new to programming or just to Java, almost every problem you'll face has already been solved by someone else. Any question you can think of has previously been asked, answered, and posted in a programmer forum. If you are stuck on a task, there are numerous tools accessible to assist you.
- It will prepare you for a variety of open, well-paying development positions. Android apps, server apps, financial apps, Big Data technology, and much more are powered by it. It's a talent that will benefit programmers for years to come in the labor market.
Once you know all the benefits of learning Java, what remains to check is the following “Is java hard to learn?”
Is It Hard to Learn Java?
Java's difficulty level is determined in part by your level of technical knowledge and interest in learning a new programming language. If you want to learn Java, you will encounter basic concepts such as functions and variables and polymorphism.
If you start with the basics and work your way up, you should have no trouble picking it up.
Is there any benefit to learning Java? Yes, to put it short. Because Java is so widely used, there is a lot of code that needs to be maintained or at the very least understood, in case it needs to be updated to something different. If you want to work as a software developer, you may have to deal with Java-based legacy systems. You could also discover that it works nicely for your more recent projects.
How Long Does It Take to Learn Java?
The pace with which a student learns Java and related technologies is mostly determined by the regularity of his lessons and his starting level. You may be unable to do anything with your current level, but consistent study is unquestionably your responsibility.
How can I learn Java quickly? Well, it might sound simple but you should first of all, avoid taking long breaks or procrastinating while learning.
If you stick to a strict schedule, you'll be fine.
It is definitely possible to learn Java to the level that will allow you to find your first job in 6-12 months if you stick to a fixed schedule, observe the proper balance of theory and practice, and practice daily for at least 1-3 hours, not being afraid to ask questions.
Java Developer Salary: How Much Do They Make?
How much does a Java Developer earn in the United States? As of April 27, 2021, the average Java Developer pay in the United States is $95,353, with a salary range of $80,711 to $107,527. Salary ranges rely on various things, including schooling, certifications, supplementary talents, and the number of years you've worked in your field. Salary.com lets you decide your exact pay target by providing more online, real-time compensation data than any other website.
So How to Learn Java?
Knowing the fundamentals of Java is the greatest place to start. This is something you can get started on right away – learning the fundamentals online is a great way to get started with Java programming. It can be intimidating at first, as with many things. If you're a complete novice, code may appear to be nonsense. But no worries, who starts immediately as a master?
Practice - Code every day!
Practice makes perfect. You will not become a successful Java programmer if you do not study or practice. Fortunately, you can practice Java programming at home without any special software or equipment, so the best thing to do is get started after you've grasped the fundamentals.
Join Communities and Forums: Ask Questions
Having a trusted source where you can always refer to any issues you encounter is one of the keys. The communities and forums serve as platforms for discussing the most challenging problems or exciting news on anything related to Java. So don't miss them if you want to grow fast and learn as much as you can about a particular programming language.
Set milestones and achievable goals
Finally, in learning Java as much as studying anything else, be it language or other skills, you should be able to set clear goals. Don't romanticize and overestimate your abilities not to get disappointed. Just be aware of your level and set milestones to track your development process and make it faster and more productive.
Free Online Sources for Learning Java
Java programming is available on Coursera, which is one of the most well-known websites to hunt for online courses.
Codecademy offers a free java programming course for novices in which they may learn the fundamentals of the language and complete seven projects, including making their own calculator.
This free online Java course allows you to explore the Java world without downloading anything; give it a shot.
Udemy is one of the most popular online learning sites. There are 58 free Java programming courses, and if you pay up to $11, the number of lessons skyrockets to 736.
Learn Java for free on edX, where courses from MIT, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, and UC3M are available.
Where can I practice Java coding?
TopCoder is one of the first and most well-known online platforms for competitive programming. The website gives the user a collection of algorithmic problems to practice. Using the website's code editor, the programmer can accomplish these problems on their own.
Coderbyte gives programmers over 200 code tasks. A programmer can immediately work on these coding tasks online using any of the website's ten programming languages. Coderbyte also allows programmers to choose the difficulty level of each challenge to make the learning process more tailored to programmers' levels and needs.
HackerRank is another popular website for learning how to code in Java online. Programmers can take part in a variety of challenges provided by HackerRank. Algorithms, mathematics, SQL, functional programming, artificial intelligence, and other fields are among the obstacles. It also allows the coder to tackle these problems online immediately.
One of the essential skills you'll need if you want to have a career in programming is to learn how to do Java. By following a few easy guidelines, you can begin practicing it at online problem-solving platforms.
You can always keep developing your Java skills by looking into the many online institutions as well. But the most crucial advice, don’t ever forget, is to keep your own schedule and have a proper and consistent practice.
Good luck in making your first steps into the vast world of programming!
It's almost impossible not to have at least one programmer friend in 2021. If you are not a programmer, then you have at least stared at a seemingly incomprehensible screen of your programmer acquaintance and marveled how he deciphers all that mess!
Guess what: it might not be that difficult. The truth is, it does not take too much time to learn to program, and in fact, you can become one of those rich geeks too.
So we are not going to take too much of your time and will jump straight to the main question:
How long does it take to learn coding?
If you Google "How long does it take to learn coding ?" the first answer you'll get is from 3 to 6 months. It is because learning coding is a pretty broad term.
There are programming languages that might take you years to figure out fully and become an expert. At the same time, some of them, like HTML, for instance, require only one to two weeks to learn.
But in general, yes, you can learn programming in 6 months (or even less) and even find a job! If you're one of those who don't believe in such bold statements until they get an example, we got you!
Clément Mihailescu learned coding only in 6 months and got hired at Google as a software engineer right after that! The best part is that he had zero knowledge or experience in coding before. You can check out his inspiring story here.
So yes, in half a year you can learn coding and also find a job. But where should you start?
3 Ways to Learn to Code
There are different ways you can start your programming journey, but we have singled out the three most popular ones:
If you do not love to be taught by others and learn to program at your own speed, self-learning might be the best solution.
Self-learning is when you identify your needs, goals and design the study process yourself. This way, you have a lot of freedom and control over your programming studies.
Of course, it requires a lot of self-discipline, but if you are one of those people who know how to self-motivate themselves, then it will work! There are many coding courses and resources out on the Internet, so it will be easy for you to start.
Coding Bootcamps are fast yet intensive coding courses that prepare teach you how to code. It is how Clément Mihailescu learned to code as a professional in only six months.
Coding Bootcamps are a good idea if you don't want to get a full degree but still want to go through a more or less traditional teaching system.
Here you'll have expert teachers that will guide you and help you out and a straightforward studying program that will be already designed for you. The main drawback of these BootCamps is that they are a little expensive. On average, you might expect to pay $13.500 for the program.
Computer Science Degree
Finally, the most popular way to learn to code is to get a computer science degree. Here you will learn the technical aspects of coding and have a more extensive understanding of the industry in general.
So if you want to immerse yourself in the programming world fully, you might consider getting a degree. But again, there are some drawbacks to this method too: it takes too much time. If you want a full bachelor's degree, you need to spend four years to get it. Master's might take a little less, but it is harder to get accepted there.
So if you have some 3-4 years to spare, then getting a computer science degree can work. If not, you should choose either of the first two options.
Here are some tips to help you out to learn to code faster!
How to learn coding fast
Decide what programming language you want to learn
The best way to waste your time is to learn random programming languages very superficially. Yes, we understand it, you are new to programming, and you don't know yet which of the programming languages will suit you the most.
However, you cannot go on trying all of them one by one.
Instead, try to figure out what is more interesting for you. For instance, if you want to deal with the aspects of the website or application visible to the user, you should start with front-end languages.
On the other hand, if you love the technical aspects more, then back-end languages might be the best for you.
Set achievable milestones and goals
Again, don't do everything and nothing at the same time. You need to measure your success somehow.
For that, set some achievable milestones and goals that you need to reach, and also set deadlines! It will improve your productivity at once and will help you to have some analyzable metrics too.
Were you able to create a beginner project after the two weeks of your studies? Could you solve a more complex problem in the three months of your studies?
Create similar questions for you and answer them from time to time to understand your learning stage.
Practice, practice, and practice! If you want to learn to code fast, then coding should be your number one priority. Keep practicing it as much as you can, and you will immediately notice the results!
In the age of technology, it is effortless to learn to code fast and find an excellent job with your knowledge. You might prefer to learn it on your own, attend a Coding Bootcamp or even get a computer science degree. Whatever it is, we assure you that you can learn coding in just a few months if you have your mind to it!
No matter if you want to become a programmer or not, learning to think like a programmer is a skill that will help you throughout your life. It teaches you the art of problem-solving and makes you a better thinker. So let's jump straight to the main question:
How to Think Like a Programmer
There is no single answer to the question of how to think like a programmer. But there is a core mentality that all the programmers have: to break the problem down. It will be our starting point in the process of learning to think like a programmer.
What does it mean to break the problem down? It means to divide the problem into smaller, actionable sections. Think about it this way. Although many people think that computers are smart, the truth is there are unbelievably dumb, and you should explain them every single step. Let's take an example.
For instance, you want to tell the computer to open the door. If you write "open the door," it will not understand anything and will not know where to start. Instead, you should explain the problem step by step, approximately like this:
- Approach the door
- Take the handle with the left hand
- Pull it down
- Push the door away
So if you want to think like a programmer and solve problems better, you need to start to break them down into smaller pieces. But how do you solve them?
Programmer Mentality: How to Solve Problems
As we said, breaking down the big problem into smaller chunks is your starting point. Next, what you should do is to look at that problem from different angles. Having one interpretation is not enough: come up with a couple of ones. If you need to read the problem multiple times, do so until you feel comfortable with it.
As you get to the actual code writing, write a pseudo code first. Remember, programming is not only about learning the syntax of the language. It is about knowing how to solve a problem most shortly and efficiently. If you are not coding but still want to learn to think like a programmer, here are some great tips:
Some Tips to Help you Start Thinking Like a Programmer
1) Start simple
If the problem you are dealing with is too complicated, try to solve a similar problem that is more simple. You might think it is a waste of time, but in fact, it helps you to remember all the steps you might need to solve the current problem.
Sometimes when the dilemma has too many riddles, we don't even know where to start. So try to simplify it to the maximum to find a problem that you can solve and then slowly go back to the previous one.
2) Read it out loud
You should understand the problem thoroughly before you start solving it. Remember we told you to read it a couple of times? Well, another helpful tip could be to read it out loud. You can also try to explain it to one of your friends. It will help you to understand which parts of it are still unclear to you.
It leads us to the next point:
Yes, it is fun to find the solution on your own and brag to everyone about how genius you are. But in any good work, collaboration is the key. If you want to grow and learn from others, you need to start working with a team. So, next time if you get stuck on an intricate problem, try to ask for help from your friends. They might introduce you to a new perspective you haven't thought about before.
It's another thing to talk about problem-solving and different to practice it. To not overload you with purely theoretical information, here are some great websites where you can get your hands on programming problems and have fun at the same time.
10 Free Coding Challenge Websites
TopCoder is one of the top platforms for finding programming challenges. There are also some competitions from time to time where you can compete with fellow programmers on who finishes the project fastest and in a most efficient way.
Project Euler has many computer science and mathematics challenges. Most of them demand writing along with a small code to solve the famous mathematical equations.
This is another platform where you can find various interesting coding challenges and participate in competitions with other coders. The platform is Indian-based.
No, there are no wars here. You just write code on their online editor trying to solve one of their problems. You can also participate in the discussions for that same problem to understand it better.
Exercism comes with more than 3000 challenges in 52 different programming languages. The best part here is that you get to have a mentor who reviews your work in the end and gives feedback.
Another great platform to find some fun challenges. Again, you'll have access to the community of other coders and can ask them questions when required.
If you are more into gaming, then you will love this option. Here you can not only write codes but actually play the same code while you are writing it. In other words, you create a code for a game and test it out at the same time.
LeetCode is for those who are preparing for a technical interview. It gives you a set of the popular tasks that they might give you on the interview, which you complete online. They even have a Mock Interview section to help you out further for the big event.
With more than 800.000 developers on this platform, Coderbyte is one of the best places to find programming problems and solve them.
Last but not least, you can also check out Sphere Online Judge (SPOJ) with more than 20.000 coding challenges at your proposal.
These were the websites with the best coding challenges online. But what if you don't know how to code? Don't worry! We got you covered here too! Here is the list of the ten best websites to learn programming from scratch.
10 Free Websites to Learn Coding
Here is the complete list of websites for beginner coders that you might need in 2021:
- Coursera - here you can find a list of easy courses to start with
- freeCodeCamp - here you can find a lot an interactive approach to teaching code
- Codeacademy - almost 45 million learners have developed their coding skills here
- edX - here you can find some great courses offered by prestigious universities
- Udemy- Udemy is one of the most popular online learning platforms, so no need to comment here
- Udacity - here you can find both free and paid courses
- W3Schools - this one is one of the oldest and the biggest online schools
- Microsoft Learn - well, you know Microsoft, so no comment here either
- SoloLearn- a great place to start for the complete beginners
- Hackr.io- a great place to find all types of courses
Learning to think as a programmer is one of the key skills you'll need throughout your life. You can start practicing it via online problem-solving platforms by following some simple tips.
And if you start feeling that programming is getting interesting for you, you can learn it with the abundance of online schools out there.
So all we can say now is good luck!
If you are into programming, you might have heard about front end and back end development. But if you are a complete beginner, these terms might be confusing to you. What exactly do they mean, and what is the difference between the front end and back end? In this blog post, we will take a deeper look at both of them so that you can finally understand which one is more suited for you.
Let's start from the central question:
Front End VS Back End: What's the Difference?
Front end VS Back end: which one should you choose? Well, to make the right decision, you should first understand what each of them does.
Here's the difference between front end and back end in one sentence: the front end deals with the stuff the website user sees and interacts with, the back end deals with more technical aspects of website maintenance.
But, what if someone asked you right now, front end VS back end developer? Still not sure which one you would choose? Well, here's a more profound overview:
What is the Difference Between Front End and Back End Development?
As a front end developer, you will work on the elements of a website that are visible to the user. But don't confuse it with a web designer. The web designer designs the website and the layout, but the front end developer is the one who implements and builds it.
The work of the back end developer, on the other hand, is not visible. He is the one who works on the core logic of the website or application. The user still interacts with the components designed by the back-end developer, but indirectly.
Now let's explore each of them.
What is Front End Development?
Now let's look at the role of a front end developer from a more technical perspective. How will it be described in the job portals? As a junior front end developer, here's what you can expect to find in an average front end developer job post:
Eagerness to grow and learn new skills
Good organizational skills
Familiar with web browser testing and able to debug
Passion for web development
Familiarity and understanding of SEO principles
Create user-friendly and interactive web pages
Maintain and improve the website
Speed optimize the website
Collaborate with the design team
Stay up to date with new technologies
Build and maintain mobile-friendly features
Collaborate with the back end developers
Above was an example of a job description you might encounter as an entry-level front end developer. To be ready for it, here is what languages and frameworks you should be familiar with:
Front End Programming Languages
HTML is the markup language used to create websites. It stands for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML deals with various aspects of your website. You can use it to create paragraphs, headings, fonts, sections, and other principle features of your web page.
It is pretty easy to learn, even for a complete beginner. You can learn the basics in a few hours, and two weeks should be more than enough to have a full grasp of the language.
CSS opens up as Cascading Style Sheets. True, HTML helps you to build the basics of your website. But CSS makes them fancier by defining your website style. It deals with page layouts, fonts, colors, and other similar aspects.
You can think of it like this: if your website is a house, HTML is its foundation, and CSS is its interior design. Two homes can have the same foundation, but one may have a contemporary, industrial setting, while the other a more bohemian one.
The same goes for your website. So to come back to more technical terms, you use CSS to describe how your HTML elements get displayed on the website.
You can use it to add more complex features such as 2D or 3D animations, interactive maps, scrolling videos, and more. In short, it helps you to make your website more interactive and engaging.
Now let’s jump into:
Front End Frameworks and Libraries
SASS stands for Software as a Service. It refers to cloud-based services, where instead of downloading applications or software, you access it through the web browser.
Flutter is a UI software development kit, which is created by Google and is open-source.
Other frameworks that might come in handy are Vue.js, Bootstrap, Laravel, and etc.
What is Back End Development?
Here is what they will require from you as a junior back end developer:
Basic knowledge of front end technologies
Working knowledge of PHP, C++, Java, and other back end programming languages
Good knowledge of SAAS, LESS and other CSS preprocessors
Understanding of OWASP security principles
Integrate UI elements designed by front-end developers into the server-side logic
Build and maintain reusable code
Speed optimize the application
Build and implement data storage solutions
Take care of the data security and protection
Back End Programming Languages
Here is the list of the back end programming languages you need to learn to get a job.
PHP was designed back in 1994 as a small open source project. However, it was fast to turn into one of the most popular back-end programming languages. PHP is an acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.
It is a server-side scripting language that can be easily embedded in HTML. You should learn PHP to manage databases, session trackings, and similar aspects. You can even build a complete eCommerce website with PHP !
Created by Bjarne Stroustrup C++ was initially an extension to the C programming language. It stands for "C with Classes." However, it was also fast to grow throughout the years, becoming a popular object-oriented generic language.
It is used to build games, operating systems, browsers, and so on. C++ is extremely powerful. Some of the large apps like Photoshop, Spotify, YouTube were written in C++.
Java is another general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that is a must for a back end developer. Java is a simple and secure language with many open-source frameworks that is why it is so popular. It is used to develop Java applications in data centers, supercomputers, game consoles, etc.
Other important languages you will need are:
A general-purpose, high-level language that is easy to read.
JS is the world's most popular programming language, which is very easy to learn.
Here is a quick overview of back end frameworks, that will help you:
Back End Frameworks
We will quickly name the most popular back end frameworks.
Django : the framework for python. Famous use cases include Instagram and Pinterest.
Laravel: the framework for PHP. Famous use cases include Deltanet Travel, MyRank
Ruby on Rails: the framework for Ruby. Famous use cases include ZenDesk and Shopify.
Flask: the framework for python. Famous use cases include Reddit, Red hat.
One more question left unanswered is:
What is full-stack development?
It's simple: if you are good at both front and back end development, you can become a full-stack developer. So, full-stack development requires a solid knowledge of both front end and back end aspects of web development.
In short, front end development deals with the stuff that the user sees or interacts with, while back end development deals with the server-side logic. And full stack development covers it all.
So figure out which is the most interesting for you, and start learning!