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10 HTML Practice Projects for Beginners

If you are only starting to learn HTML, practice is the key to success. You might have heard that you should constantly engage yourself in a new language when learning it, or else you'll forget it. Well, the same goes for programming languages. You can't master it if you don't keep exercising it. 

 

But for beginners, it can be a pretty challenging task. You are not knowledgeable enough to start chunky projects, yet you can't stay stuck learning the theoretical parts forever. So, the best solution is to find some beginner-friendly HTML projects that will help you get your hands on it. 

 

Here, we will discuss some of the best HTML practices and beginner projects that will help you get started. 

 

10 HTML Practice Projects to Try Out for Beginners

 

A tribute page

 

A tribute page is a page dedicated to someone you love or admire. It is one of the easiest things you can make using HTML, and it will also be a lot of fun. Is there an artist you honor? Or maybe you're a fan of a famous pop singer! Why not show your love and support by creating a small page where you would include a short bio, add links, photos, and your personal opinion. 

 

Sounds fun, right? Well, the best part is that you will practice some of the basics of HTML! However, you might also need some basic knowledge of CSS to make it a little fancier. Here the source code for the tribute page to Steve Jobs to help you out. 

 

A survey form

 

If you plan to work with HTML, then you should master form-making. It is an indispensable part of almost any HTML project. So why not start practicing it right away? While making a survey form, you will familiarize yourself more with the basic HTML tags, input fields, text fields, checkboxes, dates, radio buttons, and other crucial elements of the form. 

 

If you want to take it to the next level, you can also create a web page containing the survey form. A beginner level of HTML knowledge should be enough to start, but again, some of the CSS will help to spice up your project. Here is the source code.  

 

Product landing page

 

Suppose you end up working in a digital marketing agency. Oh my, do you imagine how many product landing pages you should make? You will be bombarded with tens of landing page tasks each week, so you should start building your landing page immune system already. 

 

Jokes aside, making landing pages is a lot of fun. You can create an imaginary product in your mind and create a beautiful page for it. It will help you practice adding footers, headers, dividing sections, aligning items, creating columns, and much more. Of course, here, CSS is a must. The project will also help you play around with color combinations, margins, spaces between sections, boxes, paragraphs, and more. 

 

Here is the source code for the landing page project. 

 

Technical documentation page 

 

This one is for those who also know and love JavaScript. You need to know a little HTML, CSS, and the very basics of JavaScript to create a technical page. A technical page is a webpage divided into two sections: on the left side is the menu with the topics, and on the right side is the documentation of those topics with some short descriptions. 

 

When your user enters the technical page and clicks on one of the topics listed in the left section, it should open the appropriate description and documentation from the right section. For the click, you should use either JavaScript or the bookmark option of CSS. Here is the source code for the project if you need any help. 



 

Personal portfolio page

 

An online portfolio is something you personally will need as an HTML developer. You will love creating it even more if you are also engaged in some of the creative fields like photography, videography, arts, and pretty much anything which requires you a place to show off your works. How should you create a portfolio? Well, again, it will demand only the basics of HTML and some CSS. 

 

First, create a header section where you will have all of your menus that take to the about page, contacts, or the showcase of your works. If you want to make it entirely professional, you can also add your CV to make it easier for your potential employees to learn more about you. And if you want your portfolio page to be more personalized, you can also add one of your images. 

 

For this project, you will need to know how to crop and resize images, but if you find trouble with it, use Gimp. It is available on Windows and Linux and is free of charge. 

 

Google.com page

 

Google.com is the most used page on the Internet. All of us visit it countless times during the day. But did you know that you could also create it? No, we are not talking about the functional parts; we are talking about the look of it. Maybe you could even customize it and add your design to it. In short, it is pretty simple. You'll just need to add the logo, two buttons, and a text box. All you need to create it is HTML and CSS. In fact, this can be one of your first projects! 

 

You can find the source code for the Google.com page here



 

Google search result page.

 

If you can create the Google homepage, then you can create the search results page too! Again, we're talking about the look, not the functionality. 

For this project, you will need to create a page with ten results and also page navigation buttons. In fact, if you start with the Google.com project, it should be easier for you to switch to this one. It demands nothing but basic HTML and some CSS. Here is the video tutorial for the project. 



 

Parallax website



 

A parallax website is one of the most trendy websites you can create today. It consists of some fixed images that, as you scroll down, change or open up new parts. If you create a parallax website, it will certainly stand out against the competition and make your visitors stay on the page for longer. So as your next HTML project, you can give it a shot. Divide your page into four background images and align your text accordingly. Then add the position of your background and some other CSS elements. Eventually, you should get the parallax effect. Here is a simple parallax website to get inspired. And if you need a short tutorial on how to make it, here you go

 

Restaurant website

 

This one is a special treat for all the gourmets out there. If you love restaurants and restaurant pages, you will enjoy creating a website for an imaginary restaurant (or maybe the real one, who knows). Here you can create beautiful images for different meals and showcase your menu. The design of your page is totally up to you; you can add some sliding images, play around with font styles and colors, add some prices, and so on. To level up the project, you can also add links to redirect to internal pages. Here is the source code for the project. 

 

Event Webpage

 

Finally, the last one in our list of HTML project ideas is the event webpage. As the name suggests, for this one, you should create a simple page for an event or a conference. What do you need for that? Well, the venue, the schedule, and some great images to allure the potential participants. As usual, you need the HTML/HTML5 along with the CSS to create this page. Here is the source code for the event webpage

 

Sum Up 

 

You need some HTML practice to become a better HTML developer; that is why in this blog post, we have covered the ten most simple HTML projects you can start working on as a beginner. If you practice enough, you'll be surprised how fun and easy the learning process can be!

Jun.14.2017

20 Javascript Projects for Beginners

Are you seeking JavaScript projects for beginners that are fun to build?

 

If you want to work as a web developer, you should start honing your JavaScript skills right away. You're ready to start your first tiny project after finishing your first tutorial or online course.

 

After all, if you keep repeating what you already know, you will never achieve your long-term coding objectives. Simultaneously, you want to pick projects that aren't too challenging. Finding a project concept that is just a touch above your current skill level is the key.

However, I understand that it can be challenging to develop JavaScript project ideas that match your talents and are fun to build.

 

Here is the list of some JavaScript projects that will interest you. Start developing right immediately if you find a project idea that fits your aims and skill level.



1. JavaScript Tic Tac Toe

 

Another great project idea that you can complete in a single day is creating a simple Tic Tac Toe game with JavaScript.

 

You'll make a 33-square grid and have two players take turns marking it with cross and circle symbols. The first person wins the game to get three marks in a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal row.

 

Although the game appears to be simple, you must figure out how to establish the logic that follows the game rules in JavaScript. As a result, before you start writing any code, break down the flow of the game into logical sections.

 

I find it helpful to design a short flow chart to visualize the potential outcomes of a basic game like Tic Tac Toe. It's easier for me to start creating actual code when I can see the flow on paper.

 

Find an example Tic Tac Toe JavaScript project source code here

 

2. JavaScript Pairs Game

 

Another interesting project you may do for pleasure (and for your portfolio!) is to code a JavaScript memory matching or pairs game.

 

The logic is straightforward:

 

A certain number of cards are face down on the table. The player must locate all of the pairs. You can increase the difficulty by limiting the number of guesses or imposing a time limit on the game's completion.

 

This is yet another excellent project for honing your JavaScript and HTML and CSS skills.

 

The most straightforward technique to make matching cards is to use distinct colors that the player must match. However, you can also utilize photos, icons, or numbers.

 

Find an example Pairs game JavaScript project here



3. JavaScript To-Do List

 

JavaScript is a fantastic language for creating dynamic, interactive lists that allow users to add, edit, delete, and move items. It's impossible to achieve using simple HTML and CSS.

 

If you're anything like me, you've got a never-ending list of things to do. JavaScript is a fantastic language for creating dynamic, interactive lists that allow users to add, edit, delete, and move items. It's impossible to achieve using simple HTML and CSS.

 

If you're anything like me, you've got a never-ending list of things to do. You may quickly create your custom-coded to-do list as a JavaScript project to make your life easier. Begin by making a single list to which you can easily add and remove items.

 

You can add new features to help you manage your to-dos more efficiently as your skills grow. To organize your to-dos, for example, you may use multiple lists adjacent to each other.

 

Find a sample JavaScript to-do project here

 

4. JavaScript Calculator

 

It's good practice for your JavaScript abilities to code an outdated calculator. Create a tidy interface with HTML and CSS, then use JavaScript to add new functionalities.

 

Begin by learning only a few fundamental operators and buttons for additions, divisions, multiplications, and subtractions. 

 

Find JavaScript Calculator source code here

 

5. JavaScript Clock

 

It’s pretty easy to build your own digital clock with JavaScript. You can practice variables and if loops.

Again, you’ll also be free to experiment with some CSS and customize the design to make your JavaScript clock look amazing. 



See an example JavaScript clock project here.

 

6. Vanilla JavaScript Stopwatch

 

Even for a newbie, creating a JavaScript timer is a simple project that can be completed in a single day. For user interaction, your stopwatch requires three buttons: Start, Stop, and Reset.

You're done! Play around with some CSS to make it seem nice.

 

Find an example of this project here.

 

7. JavaScript Timeline

 

A custom-made JavaScript timeline might be an excellent tool for constructing websites for freelancing clients, for example, if you want to become a front-end web developer. On their websites, many businesses and start-ups aim to highlight their most noteworthy achievements.

 

You can also reuse the code from your JS timeline in other similar projects. Let's imagine you want to break down crucial stages for your website visitors into bite-sized chunks. You may use the timeline code to show your readers little chunks of a single topic or piece of material without overwhelming them with too much information all at once.

 

See an example of a Timeline JavaScript project here

 

8. JavaScript Quiz

 

A decent quiz is something that everyone enjoys! Fortunately, creating a little quiz with JavaScript is simple – and they may be really useful.

 

You can develop a portfolio website to promote your projects if you want to make money freelancing. For example, provide a quiz on the site to assist potential clients in finding the appropriate services for their concerns.

 

Find a sample JavaScript Quiz project with the source code here

 

9. JavaScript Browser Code Editor 

 

Wouldn't it be fun to write your JavaScript code editor? This is a great project for beginners, in my opinion!

 

Here are some suggestions for extra functionality for your code editor:

 

For syntax highlighting, use CSS. Make it possible for the user to switch between languages.

Next to your editor, add a screen where the user can run the code.

 

See JavaScript Browser code editor source code here

 

10. JavaScript Tip Calculator 

 

It might be challenging to calculate tips at times, especially after a long day of coding.

 

If you want to avoid the hassle of manually calculating your tips, create your tip calculator that you can use whenever and wherever you choose. Furthermore, this program never produces calculations, blunders, or errors.

 

Find an example of a Tip Calculator JavaScript project with the source code here

 

11. JavaScript Palindrome Checker 

 

A palindrome is a phrase or word that reads the same in both directions.

 

Making a basic palindrome checker is excellent practice for dealing with strings and modifying them using JavaScript. It's also a lot of fun to look for palindromes.

 

Find an example JavaScript Palindrome Checker source code here

 

12. JavaScript Maze Game Project 

 

When I was a kid in the early 1990s, I was a major lover of making my own maze games. As a result, learning to code my own maze in JavaScript was a lot of fun.

 

This JavaScript project is a little more challenging in terms of difficulty.

 

As a result, if you're just getting started, be sure you're acquainted with the language before embarking on this project.

 

See the source code of the Maze game JavaScript project here

 

13. JavaScript Pong Game 

 

Back in the day, Pong was one of my favorite video games!

 

Did you know it was the first commercially successful video game of all time?

 

It takes some effort to create a game with JavaScript, but the end result may be a lot of fun to play.

 

Start by considering the game's rules and mapping out the many events that your code must handle. You'll probably think of a few ways to make the game more enjoyable while you construct it.

 

See example Pong JavaScript project here

 

14. JavaScript Drum Kit 

 

You're going to adore this example if you want to make a JavaScript project that's a lot of fun while also teaching you a lot.

 

I recently came across this JavaScript drum kit and quickly fell in love with it. Seriously, it's such a pleasant and entertaining project to work on!

 

See JavaScript Druk Kit project example here

 

15. JavaScript Drawing App

 

The Drawing App project simply demonstrates HTML Canvas, JavaScript, and jQuery programming. When it comes to the system's features, this project has a limited number of them. The user can modify the line width with a slider and choose a color using the color picker. The erase button can be used to erase any part of the drawing. This project uses a lot of javascript to create the final product.

 

Find an example Drawing App in JavaScript here



16. JavaScript Counter



Counter is a crucial component for using dashboards in the application, and it will be created with some script codings in the web site. It also creates a simple vote counter for counting the number of items in the packages, and votes. In real-world circumstances, it mostly employs the Pusher API for generating and deploying node.js applications. Using these packages, we can design our own unique views, and it also carefully monitors changes, particularly in the amount of votes for a certain item.

 

Find an example of JavaScript Counter source code here

 

17. JavaScript Weather App

 

This is a helpful and straightforward tool for displaying the weather in different areas. The weather display updates instantly when the location name is changed, without requiring a page refresh. The user interface is well-designed. It's worth noting that most weather apps acquire their data from an API. We'll utilize OpenWeatherMap, which is a well-known and widely used API. There are three files: index.html, main.js, and main.css. Although all of the code can be written in a single file (HTML), it is cleaner and easier to maintain files.

 

Find an example of JavaScript Weather app source code here

 

18. JavaScript Hangman Game

 

Hangman is one of our favorite games, enjoyed by both youngsters and adults. You'll be surprised to learn that hangman can be created in a matter of minutes using JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. It's worth noting that the core functionality is implemented in JS. CSS is in charge of beautifying the contents, whereas HTML is in charge of displaying them.

 

Although there are many methods defined in the JS of this code sample, it may appear not very easy at first, but you will discover that it is quite straightforward as you read through the code. You may also run the code line by line to check how it is executed.

 

Find JavaScript Hangman project example here

 

19. JavaScript Form Validation

 

Many websites utilize form validation for client-side validation of user details, card data, address details, and other information. If a mandatory input field name exists, the user can type a number, leave the field blank, type only one letter, and so on. All of these validations are simple to implement using JavaScript. 

 

Let's look at an example of a simple form validation project here.

 

20. JavaScript Snake Game 

 

Snake was a popular video game in the late 1970s. The fundamental goal is to avoid touching the walls or the snake's body while navigating a snake and eating as many apples as possible.

 

The stages we'll take today are as follows:

 

  • Show the board and a snake that is still.
  • Make the snake move on its own.
  • To modify the snake's direction, use the arrow keys.
  • Score by including food.
  • Final thoughts and resources

 

Here is an example of a Snake Game JavaScript project. 

 

Sum up 

 

So there you have it! Building your own JavaScript projects is the best approach to learn the language if you want to start a career as a web developer.

 

Working on your own projects will help you grasp how the syntax works and use JavaScript to tackle various challenges.

 

As you learn JavaScript and complete your first beginner-level projects, you will quickly gain confidence in your ability to work independently. Additionally, as you progress, you will undoubtedly come across additional enjoyable project ideas.

 

So, what are your plans for the next few projects? Please let me know in the comments section below!

What is JavaScript Used For?

Although JavaScript is one of the most widely used programming languages in the world, the question "What is JavaScript used for?" remains a frequently asked one.  

 

If you have also ever wondered what is the real hype around JavaScript all about then, this article is just right for you. 

 

JavaScript is a text-based programming language that allows you to construct interactive web pages on both the client and server sides.

 

Ok, now as you are familiar with the very basic idea of what JavaScript is, let's get right into the depths of its use. 

 

What is the purpose of JavaScript, and why should you learn it?



What is JavaScript?

 

Whereas HTML and CSS provide structure and aesthetics to web pages, JavaScript adds interactive components that keep users engaged.

 

By changing a static web page into an interactive one, including JavaScript, improves the user experience. To summarize, JavaScript adds functionality to web pages.

 

Menus, animations, video players, interactive maps, and even simple in-browser games may all be readily constructed with JavaScript.

 

The production of modern web pages is made possible by the collaboration of three languages. These are the following:



  • HTML, or hypertext markup language, is a programming language for putting content on a web page. It supports the addition of text, images, links, and even videos. HTML, for example, allows you to place a login button in a specific location on your website.

  • CSS is a stylesheet language that is used to style HTML content. Using CSS, you can change the shape, size, color, and style of the login button you added with HTML.

  • The subject of this tutorial is JavaScript. Using JavaScript, you can turn standard site items into interactive ones. It works in conjunction with HTML and CSS and is an essential tool for any web developer.

 

What is JavaScript used for?



Front-End Development

 

For a front-end web developer, JavaScript is an essential tool. Websites would not have evolved into the dynamic web apps that they are today without it. Image carousels would be a thing of the past. No partial page would retain your position on the page.

 

Back-End Development

 

Back-end development is concerned with the parts of a website that are not visible to the user. Server-side development is another term for this.

 

Databases, APIs, file servers, cloud services, and other back-end development projects are all part of back-end development.

 

You may now utilize JavaScript for back-end web development as well, thanks to the creation of Node.js, a JavaScript runtime engine. Various JavaScript frameworks have been created to make back-end web development easier. Express Js, Fastify, and Koa are a few examples.

 

Mobile App Development

 

The process of building software for a mobile device is known as mobile app development. It entails the creation of applications for mobile platforms.

 

JavaScript can be used to create mobile apps. JavaScript has been used to create native, cross-platform, and hybrid apps utilizing various Javascript frameworks and tools. Here are a few examples, React Native, NativeScript, Ionic.



Game Development

 

Games are one of the most enjoyable projects to work on because they may be enjoyed by both you and the end-user.

 

Depending on the intricacy of the game, there are several ways to create it with JavaScript.

 

Using HTML, CSS, and vanilla javascript, you can create simple 2D games from scratch. Here's a fantastic resource to get you started:

 

Ania Kubow teaches JavaScript by creating seven games.

A JavaScript game engine may make the process of creating complicated game concepts, as well as more efficient and faster games, much easier.

 

Phaser Js, Babylon Js, and Lime Js are examples of these engines.



Add Interaction to Web Pages

 

Users can interact with web pages using JavaScript. On a web page, there are essentially no restrictions to what you can accomplish using JavaScript - here are a few examples:

 

  • With a press of a button, you can reveal or hide more information.
  • When the mouse lingers over a button, it changes color.
  • On the site, you can scroll through a carousel of photographs.
  • Zooming in or out on a photograph
  • Using a website to display a timer or countdown
  • Audio and video can be played on a web page.
  • Animations are displayed.
  • Using a hamburger menu with a drop-down menu



Why Use JavaScript?

 

Let’s take a look at five reasons for how Javascript improves your site and so why you need it.

 

  • Client-side programming is one of the few languages that does not execute on the web page's server. If you're a web developer, you want the time it takes for a page to load in a viewer's browser to be as short as possible. The user experience suffers as the load time increases. JavaScript animations run on the device processor of the viewer. This greatly minimizes the demand on the webserver and speeds up page loading.

  • JavaScript isn't the only online programming language with a short learning curve. Python, C++, and a few others are among the others. It is, nevertheless, the most popular because it is simple to learn. The syntax used by JavaScript is extremely close to that of English. Developers don't have to spend weeks trying to figure out what each snippet means.

  • Compatibility with other languages: Web servers run in a variety of languages. Python, PHP, Ruby, Rails, ASP.NET, and Java are just a few examples of programming languages.

  • The DOM model is a method of organizing a web page where the elements are styled as "objects" with their own properties. This makes it simple for JavaScript to connect to all of the elements and use them for animations and transitions with minimal problems.

  • Programming without a compiler: Traditional coding requires the use of a compiler. A compiler is used by a browser to convert raw code into understandable syntax.

 

Sum up 

 

Although it was created to aid front-end web developers in the construction of interactive features, JavaScript's applications have quickly grown to cover back-end web development, game development, and even mobile app development.

 

Understanding what JavaScript is used for will help you see the value of learning to code.

Learning JavaScript will increase your employability, provide you the opportunity to start your own business or work as a freelancer, and provide you a lot more job stability.

15 Common Web Developer Interview Questions in 2021

Having extraordinary coding skills is one thing but mastering common web developer interview questions is another story. That is what can help you achieve your career goals, so you should understand the importance of the preparation phase and consider it seriously before applying to the desired company. 

 

To avoid stress and depression before and after the awaited day, you'll need to prepare thoroughly for the upcoming coding interview. You must be familiar with the interview questions for web developers. This will increase your self-assurance and reduce your tension before the phone or in-person interview.

 

In this article, we’ll go through the fundamentals of the developer interview process, including the most typical web developer questions you can expect from interviewers and how to answer them in a way that will make them say “WOW.”

 

Well, let’s get to the point. 15 question you should know well are the following;


General Interview Questions

1. What drew you to the field of coding? 

 

Alternatively, why do you want to be a software developer?

The majority of interviewers begin with a series of preliminary questions like this. When answering these software engineer interview questions, simply use common sense. Make every effort to be as open as possible. Tell them what drew you to coding in the first place and why you applied for this position.



2. What languages do you work with specifically?

 

It's that simple. It would help if you concentrated on the languages your web development profession will demand you to use the most. Knowing numerous languages, such as C++, Java, and Python has recently attracted interviewers' interest. So be aware of that when you apply.

 

3. What has been your coding experience so far?

 

Because you've presumably recently graduated or completed a coding boot camp or something similar, interviewers won't demand years of experience (and may even skip that question) if you're applying for an entry-level web developer job. However, if you're seeking a position as a senior software engineer, you'll need years of expertise to back up your application.

 

4. Tell me about your most proud software engineering project. What did you do that was exceptionally successful?

 

Interviewers are particularly interested in hearing about complex challenges that only a few individuals in the team could solve but which you were able to do yourself. It's crucial to remember not to try to impress the interviewer; it might sound really fake if you do that.

You'll make a desperate impression instead of a nice one. When discussing the problem that no one else has been able to solve except you, be casual. As a result, you’ll project self-assurance and knowledge. It's crucial to be humble when answering this kind of web dev interview questions.

 

5. Tell me about your least favorite software development project. What would you change if you could?

 

Learning from your mistakes is an essential skill. Be as open and honest as possible when it comes to admitting past mistakes. Discuss the lessons you've learned so far. Basically, describe how you overcame your greatest obstacles and stood stronger.

 

Technical Interview Questions

 

6. Explain AJAX (JavaScript) to me in detail. Can you give me an example of how you've utilized it in the past?

 

When interviewers ask you “explanatory” questions about software engineering, the goal isn't to explain the definition but to inform them how you'll utilize it in your code. This shows the interviewer that you are capable of “thinking.” It also demonstrates how you approach coding.

The acronym AJAX stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. AJAX is a strategy for using XML, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create better, quicker, and more interactive web applications.

 

7. How do you keep your class modules and assets organized?

 

Michael Miller, CEO of VPN Online, deserves credit for this. You can write your code in a variety of ways, and all of them are correct. The company you want to work for is likely to have a code writing standard, and your response will be compared to that standard. Typically, most firms seek out engineers who use the simplest method to code and aim to weed out those who prefer a more complex approach. This is because businesses want their code to be simple to maintain and document.



8. What is the distinction between white box and black box testing?

 

Black box testing is only used to determine whether or not an input is accurate. On the other hand, white box testing examines the function's implementation as well, determining whether it is correct or not.

 

9. What would you say to non-technical stakeholders about APIs?

 

It acts as a link between software products. It enables software systems to communicate and synchronize with one another. You can, for example, utilize Facebook's API to show your Facebook posts on your website. Allow visitors to share or comment on your content right from your website, rather than go to Facebook.

 

10. What's the difference between a non-functional and functional requirement?

 

A system's type is described by a non-functional requirement (accessibility, maintainability, security). A functional condition, on the other hand, outlines the system's precise capabilities.

 

11. Could you explain the MVC (model-view-controller) architecture?

 

It separates the user interface from the data. The MVC design is mostly used for graphical user interface (GUI) applications. The data is stored in the model layer, the information is sent to the user through the display layer, and the controller is the one that makes changes to the model based on user input.

 

12. Explain big-O notation in the most basic words possible

 

The big-O notation expresses the speed of an algorithm. This is important regardless of whether you're analyzing other people's algorithms or your own.

The Big-O notation, commonly known as Landau's symbol, describes how a function's runtime or space need increases as the input size grows. This means that the algorithm's speed is measured in the number of operations performed rather than in seconds.

 

13. What is the definition of a recursive function?

 

A function that either directly or indirectly calls itself. Instead of running the operation recursively, the recursion continues until it hits a set of parameters that return a value. A recursive function can swiftly handle specific problems.

 

14. Create a function that calculates the Fibonacci number N.

 

Geeksforgeeks provided the following code block. It serves as an excellent illustration.

 

In C++:

//Fibonacci Series using Recursion

#include<bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

int fib(int n)

{

if (n <= 1)

return n;

return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2);

}

int main ()

{

int n = 9;

cout << fib(n);

getchar();

return 0;

}

// This code is written

(Credits to Akanksha Rai)

 

15. What is the A* algorithm, and how does it work?

 

It's a pathfinding and graph traversal computer algorithm that's commonly utilized. It uses a heuristic function to calculate the cost of getting from node A to node B. Each step's nodes are grouped in a priority queue.

 

It adds every node next to the start node into the queue, along with their cost estimates, using the formula f(n) = g(n) + h(n). The actual cost from the start node to node n is g(n), whereas the heuristic function is h(n). The node with the lowest anticipated cost f(n) is enlarged further at each stage. When the final node in a path expands, it is said to be complete.



Sum Up

 

That concludes this discussion of the most typical software developer interview questions and responses. Whether you're a starter web developer or an experienced software engineer, these interview questions and answers should be valuable to you. You might read the article again to improve your self-assurance even further as you prepare for the interview.

 

Good Luck!

What is Java Used For?

What is Java, and why is everyone talking about it? If you are new to the programming world, you should have already figured out that programmers use different languages to code. 

 

Like real languages, programming languages have their syntaxes and specific set of rules. Because computers would not understand human languages, we use the different programming languages to dictate our commands. And Java is one of the most famous of them.

 

In fact, according to the 2021 statistics, it is the second most popular programming language in the world. But why is Java so famous, and why should you consider learning it? We'll figure it out right away: 

 

What is Java used for? 

 

A question that bothers all beginner programmers: what is Java used for? Java uses vary. It is a general-purpose programming language you can use in web development, enterprise-class applications, android development, and more. 

 

 Where is Java used? Here are some of the most common spheres: 

  • Financial services: Java is used in server-side applications
  • Stock market: Java is used to write the algorithms that decide which company people should invest in. 
  • Research Community: To deal with a vast amount of data, researchers might use Java. 
  • Banking: Java is used in transaction management.

 

But we still have not defined Java properly, so here is a clear answer to the question: 

 

What is Java? 

 

Released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems, Java is an object-oriented, cross-platform programming language used in different applications, such as audio or video apps, social media apps, and games. 

 

 Why is Java so popular?

 

Java remains popular today because it is constantly tested, updated, and refined. And as a Java developer, you'll always have a large community of Java developers and enthusiasts ready to help you with any problem. 

 

Now that we have figured out what is Java for and what does Java do, let's discuss: 

 

The Benefits of Java Programming 

 

Here are the three main advantages of the Java language: 

 

  • It is easy to learn: 

Java's primary purpose was to be easy to use. It was designed as an easy to write, debug, and compile language, making it easier to learn than other programming languages. 

 

  • It is object-oriented:

Object-oriented programming or OOP is considered one of the most natural programming languages. It allows you to break down the problem into smaller pieces and solve them one by one. It also helps to create modular programs and make the code more reusable. 

 

  • It is platform-independent 

Finally, one of the most significant advantages of Java is that you can run it in different computer systems as it is compatible with almost all of them. 

 

Big names that use Java

 

Want to know which are some of the most famous companies that use Java? Here are just a few names: 

 

  • Google: Yes, the famous Gmail that you use every day has Java in it. Java is also at the core of Google Web Toolkit. In general, in the kingdom of Android-based apps, Java is the ruler.
  • Airbnb: The most famous company using Java is probably Airbnb, where most of the back-end is written with Java. 
  • Netflix: The popular streaming platform Netflix also uses Java and Python for its back-end. 

 

Some other influential names are Uber, Pinterest, Instagram, Spotify, Amazon, Slack, etc. 

 

How to learn Java 

 

Now that we have discussed all the basics of Java and its main advantages, it is time to understand how you can learn it. Every day the Internet is flooded with different Java beginners who google how to learn Java as quickly as possible. So we know the struggle. The good news is, it is possible to learn Java quickly and start practicing it. 

 

Online Java-learning courses 

 

Some of the platforms with online Java courses out there are: 

 

  • Codecademy: Codeacademy is an online interactive platform that has classes for different programming languages, including Java. The Java courses suit both beginners and experts, and the best part about the platform is that you also get a chance to practice it. 

  • Udemy: If you ever searched online courses, you have certainly come across the name Udemy. Udemy is one of the largest companies of online lessons, and they also have a lot of programming courses out there. You can check out their Java beginner courses, and once you finish them, you can easily switch to the more professional ones.

  • YouTube: It is useless to mention that YouTube has endless resources for all Java enthusiasts. Many Java programmers keep YouTube channels and share their experience with Java beginners. You can find a lot of tips and tricks, as well as complete beginner courses. 

 

How much will it take to learn Java? 

 

If you are entirely new to Java and want to become a proficient Java developer, you might need approximately 1-2 years to do so. This is if you take 2-3 hours each day to practice your Java skills. But in general, four months should be enough to familiarize yourself with the language and edit someone else's code. 

 

Sum Up 

 

Java is the second most used programming language today, following Python. It has been around since 1995 and has maintained its popularity until today. It might take you around two years to be proficient in the language, but in the end, you can be sure to find a lot of suitable vacancies and, eventually, a well-paying job. 

10 Java Projects for Beginners

What can be better than learning something by practicing it? Coding is not philosophy: you can not know only the theoretical part and consider yourself a developer. On the contrary, coding demands a hands-on approach to studying if you want to learn it quicker. But most of the projects out there are rather complicated, and you cannot solve them if you are a beginner. 

 

So, we have singled out the 10 Java projects for beginners for Java enthusiasts to start quickly. Without further adieu, let's jump straight into: 

 

10 Java Projects for Beginners

 

These Java projects for beginners are real gems for all the Java learners out there  

 

Smart City Project 

 

Smart City Project is one of the most exciting projects you can complete as a Java beginner. 

 

The project is about creating a platform where the tourists and city visitors, in general, can find information about hotels, popular tours, bus and train tickets, event bookings, and pretty much anything else they might need to start exploring the city.

 

 It is like creating a small city guide that would have all the necessary resources in it. The Smart City project is a web-based project, and it uses the Java languages for solving most of the problems. 

 

In short, it is pathfinding, ticket booking, and hotel searching platform. You'll have fun creating it for sure! Here is the source code for the Smart City project. 



Currency Converter 

 

You have certainly used an online platform at least once in your life to convert one country's currency to another. But did you know that you, too, can make one of those platforms using Java? The currency converter project is all about it. 

 

As you know, the currencies for each country vary, and they have some daily variations to one another. So when someone uses your platform to transfer money, he should also be informed about these variations and the most updated currency exchange rate.

 

 Your role as a Java developer is to create a mini platform where people can convert and exchange money from one currency to another. 

 

It will be a great practice, and in fact, you might need to develop a similar project if you end up working in finance and business-related spheres. The Currency Converter project uses Ajax. You can find the source code for the Currency Converter here

 

Number Guessing Game

 

If you want to make your Java learning a little more fun, this project might be ideal for you. The Number Guessing Game is about making your user guess the random number that the computer has generated. Here is a more detailed explanation: 

 

  • The computer generates a random number that is between 1 and 100 
  • The user enters their best guess in the dialogue box prompted to them. 
  • The computer tells whether the guessed number is correct or not. If it was incorrect, it hints whether the number is higher or lower than the generated one. 
  • The game ends when the user guesses the generated number. 

 

If you want to take the game to the next level, you can also limit the number of guesses, display the score, add more rounds or even give the user some bonuses based on their guesses. 

 

The Number Guessing Game is a more manageable project compared to the other java projects for beginners in this list. So it can be one of the first ones to start with. 

 

Here is the code source for the Number Guessing Game. 

 

Brick Breaker Game

 

Another fun game for Java beginners is the Brick Breaker Game. You have certainly played one of these games during your childhood. 

 

In this game, you are given a small ball with a platform, and the rule is to break the bricks without letting go of your platform. The user is moving the platform around using the arrow keys on his keyboard. 

 

This game, just like the number guessing game, can be recreated using Java. You will practice the OOPS concepts and many other Java principle concepts while having fun creating the project. 

 

So if you want to go back to childhood for a little, and experience the nostalgia of the Brick Breaker Game one more time, here is the source code to help you. 

 

Data Visualization Software

 

In the 21st century, data visualization is one of the most popular fields. Many companies need to represent their data or statistics in an understandable way for their users. All those fun infographics, data visualizing animations, and other scientific data visualization methods can be done using Java. 

 

The famous Data Visualization Software project aims to: 

  • Represent complex data using infographics or other visual graphics. 
  • Create both functional and aesthetic representations of data. 
  • Convey the idea behind the data efficiently and provide all the necessary details. 

Many data can be hard to unriddle, but it does not mean they do not contain important information. The goal of any data visualization project is to make any data clear and analyzable. You can represent the data using charts, graphics, or even animations. 

 

You can find the source code for the Data Visualization project here.

 

ATM Interface

 

Let's switch from games to more serious projects. You certainly are familiar with the functionality of ATMs. There are five main functions you can make with an ATM. 

 

Withdraw money, make a deposit, check the transactions history, transfer money or quit. Now you can create a project that creates a similar ATM interface and conducts these five functions. 

 

For your project, you should first ask your user to provide their ID and user pin. If the user provides the details successfully, the menu with the five functionalities pops up. Once your user chooses the option, he unlocks the further functionalities for the specific selection. 

 

However, consider that the ATM Interface project is a comparatively complicated one and is a console-based application where you should use five different classes. So you might leave it to complete in a stage when you are more comfortable with Java. 

 

Here is the source code for the ATM Interface project in Java. 

 

Web Server Management System

 

Web Server Management System is a project that deals with information management and maintenance. In real life, a similar project is beneficial for active eCommerce websites. 

 

As a Java programmer, you should find the solution for Web Server Management System by following these steps: 

 

  • Identify if the consumer is a business entity, an individual user, or another webserver 
  • Identify which is the physical location of the user 
  • Identify the URL authorities and names 
  • Keep the relationships between the company's web services and consumers

You can find the source code for the Web Server Management System here

 

Airline Reservation System

 

Another pretty interesting Java project is the Airline Reservation System project. Here you should create a platform that will allow users to: 

  • Reserve and cancel tickets 
  • Automate the functions of the system 
  • Provide quick and automated customer responses 
  • Deal with the routing functions and transaction management 
  • Keep the passenger data

Here is the source code for the Airline Reservation System project. 

 

Online Book Store

 

If you are a fan of book stores, especially the online ones, you will love this one. The Online Book Store project is a popular one that aims to simplify the book purchasing process by creating an efficient system that will find the books and identify whether they are available or not. 

 

You can find the source code for the project here

 

Snake Game in Java

 

The Snake Game joins the Brick Breaker and Number Guessing games. It is a 90's game where the purpose is to make the snake eat the tokens without touching the boundaries. The user loses whenever the snake touches the boundary or the screen, and in the end, you should also display the final score. 

 

You can find the source code for this popular game here

 

Sum up

 

As you can see, you don't need to be an advanced Java developer to start working on Java projects. In this blog post, we have mentioned some of the java projects for beginners to start practicing right away. Good luck! 

The Best Way to Learn Java in 2021

The best way to learn Java is to do Java. This language in programming is one of the most popular ones in 2021. It is a powerful, statically typed, safe, and class-based programming language that has dominated the internet for quite some time. Java is used in practically every industry, including retail, banking, healthcare, and logistics.

 

It can be used for mobile, desktop, and web apps, games, web servers, application servers, database connections, client-side validations, and many other things. The product is free, and the fact that it is open-source adds to its appeal. 

 

So if you feel a bit confused about learning Java, we are here to put you on track and guide you through the learning process by giving some useful instructions.



Why Learn Java?



  1. It is the world's most widely used programming language. It has become the de facto standard. According to Oracle, Java is used by 3 billion devices.

  2. It's an excellent starting point for learning other programming languages (C, C#, and C++). One of the main arguments in favor of studying Java first is that it teaches you how to think like a programmer, thus providing a solid foundation to move forward. It's also a language for object-oriented programming (OOP). Students must have a particular level of logic to learn OOP.

  3. It's an advanced language. It's been around for quite some time. What good does that do? If you're new to programming or just to Java, almost every problem you'll face has already been solved by someone else. Any question you can think of has previously been asked, answered, and posted in a programmer forum. If you are stuck on a task, there are numerous tools accessible to assist you.

  4. It will prepare you for a variety of open, well-paying development positions. Android apps, server apps, financial apps, Big Data technology, and much more are powered by it. It's a talent that will benefit programmers for years to come in the labor market.

 

Once you know all the benefits of learning Java, what remains to check is the following “Is java hard to learn?”

 

Is It Hard to Learn Java?

 

Java's difficulty level is determined in part by your level of technical knowledge and interest in learning a new programming language. If you want to learn Java, you will encounter basic concepts such as functions and variables and polymorphism.

 

If you start with the basics and work your way up, you should have no trouble picking it up.

Is there any benefit to learning Java? Yes, to put it short. Because Java is so widely used, there is a lot of code that needs to be maintained or at the very least understood, in case it needs to be updated to something different. If you want to work as a software developer, you may have to deal with Java-based legacy systems. You could also discover that it works nicely for your more recent projects.

 

How Long Does It Take to Learn Java?

 

The pace with which a student learns Java and related technologies is mostly determined by the regularity of his lessons and his starting level. You may be unable to do anything with your current level, but consistent study is unquestionably your responsibility.

 

How can I learn Java quickly? Well, it might sound simple but you should first of all, avoid taking long breaks or procrastinating while learning.

 

If you stick to a strict schedule, you'll be fine.

It is definitely possible to learn Java to the level that will allow you to find your first job in 6-12 months if you stick to a fixed schedule, observe the proper balance of theory and practice, and practice daily for at least 1-3 hours, not being afraid to ask questions.  

 

Java Developer Salary: How Much Do They Make?

 

How much does a Java Developer earn in the United States? As of April 27, 2021, the average Java Developer pay in the United States is $95,353, with a salary range of $80,711 to $107,527. Salary ranges rely on various things, including schooling, certifications, supplementary talents, and the number of years you've worked in your field. Salary.com lets you decide your exact pay target by providing more online, real-time compensation data than any other website.

 

So How to Learn Java?

 

  • Learn basics

 

Knowing the fundamentals of Java is the greatest place to start. This is something you can get started on right away – learning the fundamentals online is a great way to get started with Java programming. It can be intimidating at first, as with many things. If you're a complete novice, code may appear to be nonsense. But no worries, who starts immediately as a master? 

 

  • Practice - Code every day!

 

Practice makes perfect. You will not become a successful Java programmer if you do not study or practice. Fortunately, you can practice Java programming at home without any special software or equipment, so the best thing to do is get started after you've grasped the fundamentals.  

 

  • Join Communities and Forums: Ask Questions

 

Having a trusted source where you can always refer to any issues you encounter is one of the keys. The communities and forums serve as platforms for discussing the most challenging problems or exciting news on anything related to Java. So don't miss them if you want to grow fast and learn as much as you can about a particular programming language. 

 

  • Set milestones and achievable goals

 

Finally, in learning Java as much as studying anything else, be it language or other skills, you should be able to set clear goals. Don't romanticize and overestimate your abilities not to get disappointed. Just be aware of your level and set milestones to track your development process and make it faster and more productive. 



Free Online Sources for Learning Java

 

  • Coursera

Java programming is available on Coursera, which is one of the most well-known websites to hunt for online courses.

 

  • Codecademy

Codecademy offers a free java programming course for novices in which they may learn the fundamentals of the language and complete seven projects, including making their own calculator. 

 

  • Java 101

This free online Java course allows you to explore the Java world without downloading anything; give it a shot.

 

  • Udemy 

Udemy is one of the most popular online learning sites. There are 58 free Java programming courses, and if you pay up to $11, the number of lessons skyrockets to 736.



  • edX 

Learn Java for free on edX, where courses from MIT, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, and UC3M are available.

 

Where can I practice Java coding?

 

1. TopCoder 

 

TopCoder is one of the first and most well-known online platforms for competitive programming. The website gives the user a collection of algorithmic problems to practice. Using the website's code editor, the programmer can accomplish these problems on their own.

 

2. Coderbyte

Coderbyte gives programmers over 200 code tasks. A programmer can immediately work on these coding tasks online using any of the website's ten programming languages. Coderbyte also allows programmers to choose the difficulty level of each challenge to make the learning process more tailored to programmers' levels and needs.  

 

3. HackerRank 

 

HackerRank is another popular website for learning how to code in Java online. Programmers can take part in a variety of challenges provided by HackerRank. Algorithms, mathematics, SQL, functional programming, artificial intelligence, and other fields are among the obstacles. It also allows the coder to tackle these problems online immediately.



Sum up

 

One of the essential skills you'll need if you want to have a career in programming is to learn how to do Java. By following a few easy guidelines, you can begin practicing it at online problem-solving platforms.

 

You can always keep developing your Java skills by looking into the many online institutions as well. But the most crucial advice, don’t ever forget, is to keep your own schedule and have a proper and consistent practice. 

 

Good luck in making your first steps into the vast world of programming! 

 

 

How Long Does It Take to Learn Coding?

It's almost impossible not to have at least one programmer friend in 2021. If you are not a programmer, then you have at least stared at a seemingly incomprehensible screen of your programmer acquaintance and marveled how he deciphers all that mess! 

 

Guess what: it might not be that difficult. The truth is, it does not take too much time to learn to program, and in fact, you can become one of those rich geeks too. 

 

So we are not going to take too much of your time and will jump straight to the main question: 

 

How long does it take to learn coding? 

 

If you Google "How long does it take to learn coding ?" the first answer you'll get is from 3 to 6 months. It is because learning coding is a pretty broad term. 

 

There are programming languages that might take you years to figure out fully and become an expert. At the same time, some of them, like HTML, for instance, require only one to two weeks to learn.

 

But in general, yes, you can learn programming in 6 months (or even less) and even find a job! If you're one of those who don't believe in such bold statements until they get an example, we got you! 

 

Clément Mihailescu learned coding only in 6 months and got hired at Google as a software engineer right after that! The best part is that he had zero knowledge or experience in coding before. You can check out his inspiring story here

 

So yes, in half a year you can learn coding and also find a job. But where should you start? 

 

3 Ways to Learn to Code

 

There are different ways you can start your programming journey, but we have singled out the three most popular ones: 

 

  • Self Learning

If you do not love to be taught by others and learn to program at your own speed, self-learning might be the best solution. 

 

Self-learning is when you identify your needs, goals and design the study process yourself. This way, you have a lot of freedom and control over your programming studies.

 

Of course, it requires a lot of self-discipline, but if you are one of those people who know how to self-motivate themselves, then it will work! There are many coding courses and resources out on the Internet, so it will be easy for you to start. 



  • Coding Bootcamps

 

Coding Bootcamps are fast yet intensive coding courses that prepare teach you how to code. It is how Clément Mihailescu learned to code as a professional in only six months. 

 

Coding Bootcamps are a good idea if you don't want to get a full degree but still want to go through a more or less traditional teaching system. 

 

Here you'll have expert teachers that will guide you and help you out and a straightforward studying program that will be already designed for you. The main drawback of these BootCamps is that they are a little expensive. On average, you might expect to pay $13.500 for the program. 

 

  • Computer Science Degree

 

Finally, the most popular way to learn to code is to get a computer science degree. Here you will learn the technical aspects of coding and have a more extensive understanding of the industry in general. 

 

So if you want to immerse yourself in the programming world fully, you might consider getting a degree. But again, there are some drawbacks to this method too: it takes too much time. If you want a full bachelor's degree, you need to spend four years to get it. Master's might take a little less, but it is harder to get accepted there. 

 

So if you have some 3-4 years to spare, then getting a computer science degree can work. If not, you should choose either of the first two options. 

 

Here are some tips to help you out to learn to code faster! 

 

How to learn coding fast

 

  • Decide what programming language you want to learn

 

The best way to waste your time is to learn random programming languages very superficially. Yes, we understand it, you are new to programming, and you don't know yet which of the programming languages will suit you the most. 

 

However, you cannot go on trying all of them one by one. 

 

Instead, try to figure out what is more interesting for you. For instance, if you want to deal with the aspects of the website or application visible to the user, you should start with front-end languages. 

 

On the other hand, if you love the technical aspects more, then back-end languages might be the best for you. 

 

  • Set achievable milestones and goals

 

Again, don't do everything and nothing at the same time. You need to measure your success somehow. 

 

For that, set some achievable milestones and goals that you need to reach, and also set deadlines! It will improve your productivity at once and will help you to have some analyzable metrics too. 

 

Were you able to create a beginner project after the two weeks of your studies? Could you solve a more complex problem in the three months of your studies?  

 

Create similar questions for you and answer them from time to time to understand your learning stage.

 

  • Keep practicing

 

Practice, practice, and practice! If you want to learn to code fast, then coding should be your number one priority. Keep practicing it as much as you can, and you will immediately notice the results! 



Sum up

 

In the age of technology, it is effortless to learn to code fast and find an excellent job with your knowledge. You might prefer to learn it on your own, attend a Coding Bootcamp or even get a computer science degree. Whatever it is, we assure you that you can learn coding in just a few months if you have your mind to it! 

How to Think Like a Programmer

No matter if you want to become a programmer or not, learning to think like a programmer is a skill that will help you throughout your life. It teaches you the art of problem-solving and makes you a better thinker. So let's jump straight to the main question: 

 

How to Think Like a Programmer

 

There is no single answer to the question of how to think like a programmer. But there is a core mentality that all the programmers have: to break the problem down. It will be our starting point in the process of learning to think like a programmer. 

 

What does it mean to break the problem down? It means to divide the problem into smaller, actionable sections. Think about it this way. Although many people think that computers are smart, the truth is there are unbelievably dumb, and you should explain them every single step. Let's take an example. 

 

For instance, you want to tell the computer to open the door. If you write "open the door," it will not understand anything and will not know where to start. Instead, you should explain the problem step by step, approximately like this: 

 

  1. Approach the door
  2. Take the handle with the left hand
  3. Pull it down
  4. Push the door away 

 

So if you want to think like a programmer and solve problems better, you need to start to break them down into smaller pieces. But how do you solve them? 

 

 Programmer Mentality: How to Solve Problems

 

As we said, breaking down the big problem into smaller chunks is your starting point. Next, what you should do is to look at that problem from different angles. Having one interpretation is not enough: come up with a couple of ones. If you need to read the problem multiple times, do so until you feel comfortable with it. 

 

As you get to the actual code writing, write a pseudo code first. Remember, programming is not only about learning the syntax of the language. It is about knowing how to solve a problem most shortly and efficiently. If you are not coding but still want to learn to think like a programmer, here are some great tips: 

Some Tips to Help you Start Thinking Like a Programmer

 

1) Start simple 

 

If the problem you are dealing with is too complicated, try to solve a similar problem that is more simple. You might think it is a waste of time, but in fact, it helps you to remember all the steps you might need to solve the current problem. 

 

Sometimes when the dilemma has too many riddles, we don't even know where to start. So try to simplify it to the maximum to find a problem that you can solve and then slowly go back to the previous one. 



2) Read it out loud

You should understand the problem thoroughly before you start solving it. Remember we told you to read it a couple of times? Well, another helpful tip could be to read it out loud. You can also try to explain it to one of your friends. It will help you to understand which parts of it are still unclear to you. 

 

It leads us to the next point: 

 

3) Collaborate 

 

Yes, it is fun to find the solution on your own and brag to everyone about how genius you are. But in any good work, collaboration is the key. If you want to grow and learn from others, you need to start working with a team. So, next time if you get stuck on an intricate problem, try to ask for help from your friends. They might introduce you to a new perspective you haven't thought about before. 

 

It's another thing to talk about problem-solving and different to practice it. To not overload you with purely theoretical information, here are some great websites where you can get your hands on programming problems and have fun at the same time. 

 

10 Free Coding Challenge Websites



  • TopCoder 

TopCoder is one of the top platforms for finding programming challenges. There are also some competitions from time to time where you can compete with fellow programmers on who finishes the project fastest and in a most efficient way. 

 

Project Euler has many computer science and mathematics challenges. Most of them demand writing along with a small code to solve the famous mathematical equations. 

 

This is another platform where you can find various interesting coding challenges and participate in competitions with other coders. The platform is Indian-based. 

 

No, there are no wars here. You just write code on their online editor trying to solve one of their problems. You can also participate in the discussions for that same problem to understand it better. 

 

Exercism comes with more than 3000 challenges in 52 different programming languages. The best part here is that you get to have a mentor who reviews your work in the end and gives feedback. 

 

Another great platform to find some fun challenges. Again, you'll have access to the community of other coders and can ask them questions when required. 

 

 

If you are more into gaming, then you will love this option. Here you can not only write codes but actually play the same code while you are writing it. In other words, you create a code for a game and test it out at the same time. 

 

LeetCode is for those who are preparing for a technical interview. It gives you a set of the popular tasks that they might give you on the interview, which you complete online. They even have a Mock Interview section to help you out further for the big event. 

 

With more than 800.000 developers on this platform, Coderbyte is one of the best places to find programming problems and solve them. 

 

Last but not least, you can also check out Sphere Online Judge (SPOJ) with more than 20.000 coding challenges at your proposal. 

 

These were the websites with the best coding challenges online. But what if you don't know how to code? Don't worry! We got you covered here too! Here is the list of the ten best websites to learn programming from scratch.

 

10 Free Websites to Learn Coding

Here is the complete list of websites for beginner coders that you might need in 2021: 

 

  1. Coursera - here you can find a list of easy courses to start with
  2. freeCodeCamp - here you can find a lot an interactive approach to teaching code
  3. Codeacademy - almost 45 million learners have developed their coding skills here
  4. edX - here you can find some great courses offered by prestigious universities 
  5. Udemy- Udemy is one of the most popular online learning platforms, so no need to comment here
  6. Udacity - here you can find both free and paid courses 
  7. W3Schools - this one is one of the oldest and the biggest online schools 
  8. Microsoft Learn - well, you know Microsoft, so no comment here either
  9. SoloLearn- a great place to start for the complete beginners 
  10. Hackr.io- a great place to find all types of courses 

 

Sum Up 

 

Learning to think as a programmer is one of the key skills you'll need throughout your life. You can start practicing it via online problem-solving platforms by following some simple tips. 

 

And if you start feeling that programming is getting interesting for you, you can learn it with the abundance of online schools out there. 

 

So all we can say now is good luck!

 

Front End vs Back End: What's the Difference?

If you are into programming, you might have heard about front end and back end development. But if you are a complete beginner, these terms might be confusing to you. What exactly do they mean, and what is the difference between the front end and back end? In this blog post, we will take a deeper look at both of them so that you can finally understand which one is more suited for you. 

 

Let's start from the central question:

 

Front End VS Back End: What's the Difference?

 

Front end VS Back end: which one should you choose? Well, to make the right decision, you should first understand what each of them does. 

 

Here's the difference between front end and back end in one sentence: the front end deals with the stuff the website user sees and interacts with, the back end deals with more technical aspects of website maintenance. 

 

But, what if someone asked you right now, front end VS back end developer? Still not sure which one you would choose? Well, here's a more profound overview: 

 

What is the Difference Between Front End and Back End Development?

 

As a front end developer, you will work on the elements of a website that are visible to the user. But don't confuse it with a web designer. The web designer designs the website and the layout, but the front end developer is the one who implements and builds it. 

 

The work of the back end developer, on the other hand, is not visible. He is the one who works on the core logic of the website or application. The user still interacts with the components designed by the back-end developer, but indirectly. 

 

Now let's explore each of them. 



What is Front End Development?



Now let's look at the role of a front end developer from a more technical perspective. How will it be described in the job portals? As a junior front end developer, here's what you can expect to find in an average front end developer job post: 

 

Requirements

 

  • Excellent knowledge of CSS, HTML5, and JavaScript

  • Eagerness to grow and learn new skills

  • Good organizational skills

  • Familiar with web browser testing and able to debug 

  • Passion for web development 

  • Familiarity and understanding of SEO principles 

& more 

 

Responsibilities

 

  • Create user-friendly and interactive web pages 

  • Maintain and improve the website 

  • Speed optimize the website 

  • Collaborate with the design team 

  • Stay up to date with new technologies 

  • Build and maintain mobile-friendly features 

  • Collaborate with the back end developers

& more 

 

Above was an example of a job description you might encounter as an entry-level front end developer. To be ready for it, here is what languages and frameworks you should be familiar with: 

 

Front End Programming Languages

 

HTML

 

  • HTML is the markup language used to create websites. It stands for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML deals with various aspects of your website. You can use it to create paragraphs, headings, fonts, sections, and other principle features of your web page.

 

 It is pretty easy to learn, even for a complete beginner. You can learn the basics in a few hours, and two weeks should be more than enough to have a full grasp of the language. 



CSS

 

  • CSS opens up as Cascading Style Sheets. True,  HTML helps you to build the basics of your website. But CSS makes them fancier by defining your website style. It deals with page layouts, fonts, colors, and other similar aspects. 

 

You can think of it like this: if your website is a house, HTML is its foundation, and CSS is its interior design. Two homes can have the same foundation, but one may have a contemporary, industrial setting, while the other a more bohemian one. 

 

The same goes for your website. So to come back to more technical terms, you use CSS to describe how your HTML elements get displayed on the website.

 

JavaScript

 

  • Finally, the last important language you should know as a front end developer is JavaScript. If you want to spice up your web development game, JavaScript is what you need. It takes your website to a whole new level.

 

 You can use it to add more complex features such as 2D or 3D animations, interactive maps, scrolling videos, and more. In short, it helps you to make your website more interactive and engaging.

 

Now let’s jump into: 

 

Front End Frameworks and Libraries

 

AngularJS

 

AngularJS is an open-source framework that is based on JavaScript and is maintained mainly by Google. 

 

React.js

 

React.js is an open-source JavaScript library. You can use it to build UI components or user interfaces. React.js is maintained by Facebook.  

 

JQuery

 

JQuery is an open-source JavaScript library that simplifies your work by making HTML DOM tree traversal and manipulation, CSS animation, event handling, Ajax, and other things much easier. 

 

SASS

 

SASS stands for Software as a Service. It refers to cloud-based services, where instead of downloading applications or software, you access it through the web browser. 

 

Flutter

 

Flutter is a UI software development kit, which is created by Google and is open-source. 

 

Other

 

Other frameworks that might come in handy are Vue.js, Bootstrap, Laravel, and etc.

 

What is Back End Development?

 

Here is what they will require from you as a junior back end developer: 

 

Requirements

 

  • Basic knowledge of front end technologies 

  • Working knowledge of PHP, C++, Java, and other back end programming languages 

  • Good knowledge of SAAS, LESS and other CSS preprocessors

  • Understanding of OWASP security principles 

& more



Responsibilities 

 

  • Integrate UI elements designed by front-end developers into the server-side logic 

  • Build and maintain reusable code 

  • Speed optimize the application

  • Build and implement data storage solutions 

  • Take care of the data security and protection 

& more 



Back End Programming Languages

 

Here is the list of the back end programming languages you need to learn to get a job. 

 

PHP

 

PHP was designed back in 1994 as a small open source project. However, it was fast to turn into one of the most popular back-end programming languages. PHP is an acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. 

 

It is a server-side scripting language that can be easily embedded in HTML. You should learn PHP to manage databases, session trackings, and similar aspects. You can even build a complete eCommerce website with PHP !



 C++

 

Created by Bjarne Stroustrup C++ was initially an extension to the C programming language. It stands for  "C with Classes."  However, it was also fast to grow throughout the years, becoming a popular object-oriented generic language.

 

It is used to build games, operating systems, browsers, and so on. C++  is extremely powerful. Some of the large apps like Photoshop, Spotify, YouTube were written in C++.

 

Java

 

Java is another general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that is a must for a back end developer. Java is a simple and secure language with many open-source frameworks that is why it is so popular. It is used to develop Java applications in data centers, supercomputers, game consoles, etc. 



Other important languages you will need are: 

 

Python

 

A general-purpose, high-level language that is easy to read. 

 

JavaScript

 

JS is the world's most popular programming language, which is very easy to learn. 

 

Node.js

 

An open-source and cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment. 

 

Here is a quick overview of back end frameworks, that will help you: 

 

Back End Frameworks

 

We will quickly name the most popular back end frameworks. 

 

  • Django : the framework for python. Famous use cases include Instagram and Pinterest.

  • Laravel: the framework for PHP. Famous use cases include Deltanet Travel, MyRank

  • Ruby on Rails: the framework for Ruby. Famous use cases include ZenDesk and Shopify.

  • Flask: the framework for python. Famous use cases include Reddit, Red hat. 

 

& more. 

 

One more question left unanswered is: 

 

What is full-stack development?

 

It's simple: if you are good at both front and back end development, you can become a full-stack developer. So, full-stack development requires a solid knowledge of both front end and back end aspects of web development. 

Sum up

 

In short, front end development deals with the stuff that the user sees or interacts with, while back end development deals with the server-side logic. And full stack development covers it all. 

 

So figure out which is the most interesting for you, and start learning! 

10 C++ Projects for Beginners

The best way to learn a programming language is to use it in practice. You can forever skim through textbooks memorizing every word, but unless you get your hands on it, you'll never truly learn it. So if you are in the process of studying C++, the best way to figure it out is to work on some C++ projects for beginners. 

 

Creating a new project yourself will help you to understand all the details of C++ and, in general, will make the learning process more fun. But the best part comes when you finish the project. You will feel proud of yourself and more motivated to continue your learning journey. So why not close those textbooks (or maybe Youtube tutorials), and start creating! 

 

Here are some beginner C++ projects that you can start right away: 

 

 Car Rental System

 

One of the most popular C++ projects for beginners is the Car Rental System. Its purpose is to allow users to rent cars and give you profit. You need to build a system where the user needs to log in, provide some personal information, select the Car he wants to rent, and pay for it. 

 

The amount of payment can change according to the time of the rental, the distance traveled, and other similar aspects. 

 

This project is a great way to learn date-time functions, keyboard events, and practice the C++ logic system.

 

You can find the source code for the project here.

 

Bookshop inventory system

 

The bookshop inventory system is a simple project where you need to manage the books inventory of the shop. 

 

You need to write a code that will decrease the book's count when someone buys a book and vice versa. If you add books to the shop, the book count needs to be increased. 

 

You can make the project a little more fun by adding book ID-s to help your fictional bookshop with the searching process. 

 

Here is the source code for the project. 

 

Tic Tac Toe Game 

 

We've all been there, done that. The famous tic tac toe game that almost everyone knows. Guess what? You can make a digital tic tac toe game yourself using C++. 

 

Find the source code here

 

Sudoku Game 

 

Another popular game you can make using C++ is the Sudoku game. You probably played the print version of it on the airplane or during the school break when you were young. To remind you, the logic of the sudoku game is to arrange the numbers from 1-9 in such a manner that they only appear once in each row, subgrid and column. With this project, you can practice the concept of backtracking. 

 

Find the source code here

 

Hangman Game

 

One more game from our childhood which you can recreate is the hangman game. But now, you don't need a pen and paper for it. You can design this game for two users using your coding skills. Because the typical Hangman game might get a little complicated, you can try out a more simplified version of it. We have linked the source code for the beginner version here

 

Casino Number Guessing Game

 

Any gambling lovers here? Even if you're not, this project is a fun one to try out! The logic is simple. The system you're coding asks the user to define the betting amount and also guess one number on rolling. If the game outputs the same number which the user had inputted, the winner will win. If not, money will be subtracted. 

 

This project is perfect for learning cstdlib, the library which is used for random numbers. 

 

You can find the source code for this fun project here

 

 Helicopter Game

 

Another classic game is the helicopter game. All your user needs is to ride a helicopter avoiding the obstacles on the way. 

 

How? Well, your user controls the helicopter with the keys. When he holds the key, the helicopter moves. When he releases the key, the helicopter goes down. 

 

Creating this small little game with C++ will help you to practice a little SDL graphics. 

 

Find the source code for the helicopter game here

 

 Snake and Ladder Game

 

Snake and Ladder game is an ancient Indian game that symbolized the journey of life. In this game, two players start with the bottom of the gameboard and make their way to the top with die tolls. 

 

On their way, they might stumble on a grid with a ladder which will push them upper towards the finish line. Or, the opposite can happen. They might get on a grid with a snake which will hinder their journey. The winner is the player who gets to the finish line first. 

 

In your C++ project, you can use a procedure-oriented approach to build this game. In this source code, they have used switch..case, call by reference, random(), and other programming concepts. You can check it out and make a similar one. 

 

Supermarket Billing Project

 

After all of these games, you might want to try a little more serious project. However, it does not mean that it is harder. The supermarket billing project is a simple C++ project. It will help you to understand the file handling and the usage of stream classes in C++. 

 

Check the source code here

 

Login and Registration System

 

Finally, we will finish our list of C++ project ideas with the most simple project: the login and registration system. If you are a complete beginner, this is where you need to start your journey. 

 

The project starts with a user registration, where you need to ask for a username and password from the user. If the registration is successful, you need to create a user file where the credentials will be saved. 

 

If the user registration fails, as it turns out your user does not exist, you should show an error message. That is it. You can also start learning and integrating Visual Studio in this simple project. It will make your experience more fun. 

 

You can check the source code of the project in a video manner here.  



So:

 

What can you do with C++? 

 

Basically anything! But before you get too excited, remember that you are a beginner and should start with the most basic projects. And these short entertaining projects will be perfect for you! 

 

Sum up 

 

In this blog post, we have collected the ten most basic C++ projects for beginners, which will help you to enhance your learning experience. But be cautious! Once you start practicing coding, you get addicted to it. It turns into an enthralling experience to see how you can create sophisticated projects from scratch, simply using logic. 

 

So to make sure you feel the excitement right away, the ten projects on this list are challenging but pretty manageable. If you get messed up on your way, you can check the source codes linked below each project. Just remember not to stop until you get your final result and are happy with it.

 

Also, make sure you check some of the open-source communities out there, like GitHub, if you come across any questions or issues. The coders will help you out for sure! 

 

So the ten projects that we have covered here were: 

 

  • Car rental system 

  • Bookshop inventory system 

  • Tic tac toe game 

  • Sudoku game 

  • Hangman game 

  • Casino number guessing game 

  • Helicopter game 

  • Snake and ladder game 

  • Supermarket billing project 

  • Login and registration system

For your C++ journey, this is a great place to start with. 

 

No excuses are allowed now! Pick one of these projects and start creating. We will be waiting for your mind-blowing results! Also, if there is any project that you think we could have included on our list, let us know, and we will do so. 

 

We wish you the best of luck, and once you figure out these simple projects, come back, and we will give you more complicated ones.

Coding vs Programming: What’s the Difference?

Computers only understand the binary language, the long sequence of ones and zeros, not comprehensible by the natural language. Coding is the process of converting the natural language into machine commands, while programming is the whole process of building and executing software programs. Then, how comes that coding vs programming debate even exists? It is because coding is an entangled component of programming. They cannot exist without each other.

 

What is coding? 

 

Coding is the primary step of developing a software therefore it is easier to digest and implement. Coders need to have a full understanding of the programming language to transfer the required logics into a code recognized by the machine.   

Depending on the program, functional coding may require the knowledge of syntax, the basic logic behind the programming language.

Overall, coding dealing only with codes is easier to understand and analyze. 

 

What is Programming?

 

Programming is the process of developing a thoroughly feasible program used to provide a machine-level outcome. So, if the coding is just a part of programming, the letter is a broader perspective of building software. Programming is responsible for dealing with various scenarios and making sure the program is being successfully implemented. 

Programmers do not only handle codes but also inspect and explicate diverse aspects of the program and try to come up with optimal solutions in case of any problems.

So, programming includes the whole process of planning, deploying, executing, and testing the code. It does incorporate the coding approach but is much more than that. 

 

Difference Between Coding and Programming

 

  • Basic Difference

 

As already described above, the difference between coding and programming lies in their core definitions. Programming is the general working procedure of developing and supporting a program, while coding is a part of programming only accountable for the running of certain codes. 

 

  • Scope

 

Coding and programming have different approaches to implementation. Coding follows a deploy-to-test based approach, while programming requires a detailed and methodical approach to operate. Coding, being a small part of the project, results in a simple solution, while programming is the whole scope of building a program from scratch. 

 

  • Tools

 

Because coding and programming serve different purposes, they naturally utilize different tools. Coding needs a text editor to function, such as Notepad or Wordpad. The debugging tools may include Bootstrap, ATOM, Delphi, and others. 

Programming, on the other hand,  needs tools to review, analyze and generate codes, testing, debugging, and code editing tools.

The programmer needs to know Git and Github at an advanced level, also master presentation tools, cloud tools, and more.

 

  • Skills

 

Programming covers writing algorithms, logic, coming up with optimal solutions to out of blue coding bugs, data structure, and more. Therefore, a good programmer is expected to have a degree in computer science and experience with creating complex data structures. 

Coders can know the essentials of programming languages and make sure that the written codes meet the requirements supplying the desired outcome.

In conclusion, the coder needs to know at least one programming language such as Javascript, C++, Java, while programmers' range of skills includes analytical skills, testing, debugging, code generating, and integrating skills.

 

  • Outcome

 

In coding vs programming debate, the result is as important as the working procedures. What outcomes are expected from coding and programming individually?

With coding, the anticipated result is a piece of code ensuring that the instructions applied to a computer function properly. We cannot expect complex and highly executed software programs with a good touch of UX and UI. Programming, on the contrary demands more rigorous operating procedures, therefore the results can be higher in complexity, such as a whole application, website, product, and more.



  • Viewpoint

Just because these two terms can be used interchangeably, it does not mean they are the same. Coding is the process of translating the code from one language to another. In coding, all you need to do is to provide a solution no matter how you write your code. 

Programming is the process of writing a code based on profound analysis performing several optimization methods. In programming, you need to find the most effective and optimal solution to create your code.

 

  • Support             

 

Both coding and programming have a huge amount of support to improve continuously. There are many websites, coders and programmers can use such as Stackoverflow.com, Github, Toptal, SAP Community Network. 

 

  • Other skills

 

Coding is very easy to learn and implement compared to programming. A coder needs to know the syntax of the programming language. As you may already know, the syntax is the arrangement of words and expressions to form a comprehensive sentence. Syntax in computer programming refers to all the rules that manage the structure of the symbols, punctuation, and all the words used in the code. Without mastering syntax, it is impossible to create a working code.

For programming, broader skills are required than just knowing how to code. The skills the ideal programmer needs to have include

 

  • Programming language proficiency 

 

This does not necessarily mean that programmers need to be fluent in several programming languages simultaneously such as C++, SQL, Java, Python, and more. However, to be a competent software engineer, it's advisable to know at least two programming languages. You may, first of all, decide on what you want to build as a programmer, then choose the programming languages accordingly. 

 

  • Mathematical skills 

 

Programming requires a thorough understanding of math including algebra and arithmetic beyond the school level. Fields like Cryptography, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence surely require a lot of math. Math is also important for understanding algorithms even though a programmer won’t be required to create new algorithms at the beginning, though problem solving skills will surely play a huge role when applying to programming jobs. Mathematical skills directly include problem solving skills.

 

  • Analytical skills 

 

Analytical skills go hand in hand with problem solving. Imagine working with an enormous amount of data. The ability to organize, analyze and interpret data as well as using logic and analytical skills will efficiently pay off. 

 

 How Coding and Programming Work Together

 

Well, now that we know how coding and programming are quite different things, let's comprehend their interchangeability. The perfect example can be comparing software development with writing a book. Coding is writing just a chapter of the book, while programming is coming up with the whole plot, planning, developing the story, and publishing it. 

Still, you cannot have the full book, if you do not work on the chapters individually. The same goes for coding and programming. Coding is the fundamental part that makes programming a whole procedure of creating software.



 Sum up

 

In conclusion, the misconception between coding and programming is because many people fail to see the level of complexity and the requirements these two activities demand. Coding is all about working with codes, making codes intelligible to machines. Programming is the complete process of creating a code with the most optimal approach and solutions. 

C vs C++ : Difference Between C and C++

If you are new to the programming world, you have probably stumbled upon C and C++ languages. Because both of these languages are used in application development, it is easy to confuse them.

 

Many confuse them because C++ is a direct descendent of C, which implies that many features of both languages are the same. However, in many aspects, the two languages differ from each other drastically. So, if you still do not completely understand the differences between the two languages, we'll give you a clear overview. 

 

Difference Between C and C++

 

It is hard to tell which one is better in the C vs. C++ comparison. It depends on what type of project you are working on. The chief difference between the two languages is C++ supports classes and objects, while C does not. 

 

But let's start from the basics, and take a deeper look at each of the languages separately. 

 

C

 

You might wonder: why C? What was the purpose of naming this programming language "C"? Well, the truth is it was intended as a joke. This programming language was based on another little-known language that was named B. So to imply that the new language is the updated version of the B, they chose its alphabetical successor, C. 

 

It ended up being a completely new language, which even today stays one of the most popular programming languages.

 

C is a general-purpose, procedural programming language. The main advantage of C is that it performs well and is used for different platforms. If you start learning the language, you can be sure you'll never be out of a job because you can code almost anything using C. 

 

The fact that it was designed in 1972 and is still one of the most famous languages tells a lot about C. It was a game-changer when in earlier years and still stays one. 

 

C++ 

 

Now let's take a look at C++. As you could have guessed from the name, C++ is like an updated version of C. It was designed first by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1985 as an extension for the programming language C. Stroustrup wanted to make C more flexible, so he came up with C++. 

 

The chief difference of C++ is that it supports object-oriented programming. If procedural programming is functioning with a step-by-step guideline, object-oriented programing works focusing on the objects. The C++ has all the features of C, added up with some extra ones. Again, you can use C++ for different projects, and it is compatible with almost all of the platforms. C++ later influenced the creation of C# and java. 

 

Now that we have covered the basic definitions let's see what is the difference between C and C++? 

 

Differences between C and C++ 

 

  • Application field 

 

C was designed as a better language for the UNIX operating system. Later on, it became one of the most common languages for developing operating systems. C has been used while scripting in Unix-Kernel, Microsoft Windows, and also a large junk of Android operating system. So the key usage of C is in developing desktop and mobile operating systems.  

 

C++, on the other hand, focuses on a different discipline. Developers use C++ mainly for gaming, server-side, or networking applications. You can also use it to develop device drivers. When you learn C++, it is way easier to get your hands on Java, Python, and other programming languages. 

 

  • Language Type 

 

As we have mentioned before, C is a procedure or so-called structure-oriented language, while C++ is an object-oriented one. Here is a more complete explanation: 

 

Procedure- oriented language : 

 

This type of programming language uses a top-down strategy. In other words, you start with high-level design and make your way to the low-level design. Here you first right your main()function, and then, when you want to call your subfunctions, you have to call them from your initial main()function. The C language follows this approach. 

 

 Object-oriented language:

 

Object-oriented language is the complete opposite of the above. As you could have guessed, it functions with the bottom-up strategy. In this case, you start working on the low-level design and build it up to the high-level one. 

 

So you basically start by developing modules and then use those in your main()function. The C++ language is an object-oriented one. 

 

Today you can find both of the language structures in software development. Most of the time, you will see the two approaches mixed in the modern software design. It allows getting the best quality possible. 

 

  • Security

 

Another aspect for comparing C and C++ is security. C is a less secure language as it does not offer encapsulation. It is because C treats functions as separate entities. 

 

On the other hand, C++ connects functions in one object, also connecting the data. Therefore, C++ also supports encapsulation which in its turn results in more secure storage of data. You can hide your information easily with C++.

 

So when it comes to data security, C is not as safe as C++. 

 

  • Supported Features 

 

When it comes to features, C++ has a lot to offer than C. It supports the usage of functions inside of the structures. With C, on the other hand, you cannot define any function within the structure. 

 

There are also some differences regarding the variables. If you are using the C language, you have to declare variables at the start of each function. C++ is way more flexible in this aspect. You can define variables anywhere in the function. 

 

However, C++ does not let you declare multiple global variables, while C does. Still, C++ has more features than C. 

 

  • Easy to learn

 

There is no definite answer here. We cannot tell you that C is easier to learn than C++ and vice versa. In general, people prefer to learn C++ as it seems to offer more than C. However, starting with C might give you a deeper insight into the functionalities of hardware, mainly CPU. The C language is very straightforward, so you understand how the hardware works. 

 

As mentioned, C has fewer features, so for beginners, it might be also easier to learn than C++. But again, the decision is very personal. If you are more familiar with object-oriented programming then starting with C++ will be a better choice. 

 

There is also a common complaint from the developers who started with the C. So when switching to C++, they could not get rid of the old habits. So, first, figure out what field you want to work in. if you were always dreaming of building video games, then start with C++ right away. 

 

These were some of the main C and C++ differences. So to sum it up, here is a clear comparison table: 

Programming Language

Application field 

Language Type 

Security

Supported Features

The easiness of Learning

C

Mainly used for developing desktop or mobile operating systems

Procedure-oriented

Does not support encapsulation, so is less secure.

Does not have many supported features.

Has less features, so is generally easier to learn.

C++

Mainly used for developing games, server-side applications and networking applications. 

Object-oriented

Supports encapsulation, so is more secure.

Supports defining function within the structure,  declaring variables from anywhere, and more

Perfect for those who are focused on object-oriented programming.

 

Whichever language you choose, you can be sure to find a lot of job opportunities! So simply figure out which one is right for you. 

How to become a web developer in 2021?

Becoming a web developer becomes more and more trendy over time. It is a high-paid job that you can do from home, and it is popular in the freelancing world. So why not try yourself in web development in 2021. If learning web development was on your resolution list, we got you covered! In this blog post, you will learn all you need about web development. 

 

So, let's jump straight into: 

 

How to Become a Web Developer in 2021?

 

How to become a web developer in 2021? Well, there is no one answer to this question. You need to learn the necessary skills, get the required experience, and in a short time, you'll be able to call yourself a web developer. But before we dive deeper into each of these steps, let's first of all figure out: 

 

What is Web Development?

 

You see a well-functioning and pretty website online. Do you know who made it? A web developer or a group of web developers. Web development refers to the work done behind the scenes to make the website look, feel, and function great. 

 

Web development is a mixture of front-end development and back-end development. You can use it to create plain pages or intricate eCommerce shops: it depends on your needs. But if there is any live website out there, it was the result of web development. 

 

Web Development in 2021

 

Well, as you have probably guessed, web development is not very easy. So is it worth spending so much time to learn it in 2021? The answer is: YES! 

 

Are web developers in demand now? Absolutely! Now than never before, businesses are switching to the online platform, and having a website becomes crucial. In fact, according to US statistics, web development is the 8th of the best careers in the tech world for 2021. So you cannot go wrong with it this year. There are plenty of vacancies and a bunch of freelance options out there. All left for you is to spend some time and learn it. 

 

But which aspect exactly should you learn? Web development is a very general term, so let's take a look at its types: 

 

Types of Web Developers

 

There are three main types of web developers: front end, back end, and full stack. We'll have a look at each of them one by one. 

 

Front end

 

As a front end developer, your job will be to make sure the website visitor engages with your page. You need to build an interactive and user-friendly website that will be both visually and functionally appealing. In other words, you deal with all the stuff that is visible and clickable on the website. To do so, you need to mix programming and design skills and build a website your visitors can't resist! 

 

Back end

 

As a back-end developer, you will deal with the server-side application. It means you work more with the logical and data-related aspects of the website. You engage with APIs, core application logic, databases, and similar stuff. In other words, you maintain the technology that powers the front-end. 

 

Full stack

 

As you have guessed from the word, full stack development implies both front end and back end development. If you are a full stack developer, you should be equally professional in both front and back end development. It means you should build a user-face of the website and at the same time deal with its databases. Being a full stack developer requires more skills and experience. So, it might be a more long-term goal. 

 

 

Now, if you want to learn web development, you need to start with specific skills. Let's understand what skills you need for each of the roles: 

 

Front End Web Development Skills

 

If you've felt that you are more interested in front end development, then here is the list of skills you need to learn to become a good professional:

 

  • HTML

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the markup language used for the files and documents that are displayed on the Internet. Learning HTML is an absolute must for any front end developer. 

 

  • CSS

CSS stands for the Cascading Style Sheets. It is the style sheet used to describe the documents written in markup languages, like HTML. Both HTML and CSS are used in front end development to style the page. They deal with colors, fonts, layouts, and similar aspects of your website.

 

  • JavaScript

JavaScript is for going a little extra with your website. It is a scripting language that you can use to make your page more interactive. It allows you to add animations, scrolling videos, interactive maps, and similar fun features. 

 

If you learn all three languages well enough to work with them, you'll find your first paid job. 

 

Back End Web Development Skills

 

Here is the list of the skills you need to learn for the back end:

  1. HTML

  2. CSS

  3. JavaScript / NodeJS

  4. Ruby / Ruby on Rails

 

So, you just add Ruby, Ruby on Rails, and Node JS to your front end skills. These are common web frameworks that you will need in your work. Again, if you learn all of the four skills, you can confidently apply to a junior vacancy.

 

So, to sum up, here's the skill set you need: 

 

Front end: 

  • HTML

  • CSS

  • JavaScript

 

Back end: 

  • HTML 

  • CSS 

  • JavaScript

  • Ruby 

 

Drum rolls, please. It's time for the most exciting question. The question which will answer whether you need to struggle that much to learn web development: 

 

How Much Do Web Developers Make?

 

Let's talk money. How much will you earn? Well, expect to get somewhere from $71.000 to $111.000 per year. Of course, it always depends on the knowledge and experience you have, but this is the overall range. 

 

If you're feeling motivated, here are some tips and tricks to get you started: 

 

 

How to Learn Web Development?

 

You don't have to get a degree to be a good web developer. There are so many resources online that you can become an expert with online courses only. Here is a list of five free courses to get you started: 

 

  • Computer Programming  - Khan Academy is a real gem. It offers high-quality courses absolutely for free, which you can watch at any time of the day. The Computer Programming course includes JavaScript, HTML, CSS, and much more! 

  • Getting Started As a Web Developer - This one is from Udemy. It is a complete guide and intro to web development. Enjoy! 

  • Web Design for Everybody - If you want to learn web design from scratch, here's a great course from Coursera. 

  • Full-Stack Web Development with React Specialization  - This course is more challenging and will demand a little extra effort. If you want to get into full stack development, check it out. 

  • Intro to backend - Finally, if you are more interested in the backend, check this Udacity course. 

 

Find the Right Web Developer Job

 

Last but not least, once you have learned all the skills and gained a deep knowledge of web development, you need to find the right job for you. You can start as a freelancer by posting your offer or bidding to clients via freelancing platforms. Once you gain a little experience, you can move to a full-time job if you're into the more conventional working method. If not, you can freelance forever and enjoy the flexibility of your schedule! 

To Sum up

 

So, if you want to become a web developer, you should try it out in 2021. This year it will be one of the most demanded and trendy positions all around the world. You can learn it online and start freelancing right away! 

 

You can't have excuses now. Open one of the free courses and start your journey. 

 

Who is a Full Stack Developer?

We've all heard about all-in-one platforms or tools. But have you heard about an all-in-one person? Well, that is who a full stack developer is. If you are considering becoming one or hiring one, we are here to help you out. Don't worry if you have no basic knowledge about this profession because we will cover it all. 

 

So who is a full stack developer? 

 

To understand who is a full stack developer, you first should understand what full stack development is. Web development divides into two main branches: front-end development and back-end development. 

 

Front-end development is dealing with the stuff that is visible to the website visitor. It is the side of your website or application with which your users interact. The back-end development, on the other hand, is not visible to the user. It deals with more technical aspects of website maintenance. 

 

Front-end development and back-end development together make the full stack development. Accordingly, a full stack developer is someone equally skilled in both front-end and back-end development. It usually takes many years of experience to become a good professional in this field as it requires extensive and broad knowledge of web development. 

 

Now when we have a general understanding of what the profession is, let's jump to the next section. If you're wondering how to become a good professional, then you might crumble upon the question: 

 

What is a software stack? 

 

To keep it simple, if you need to run an application, you need a group of different components to make it happen. Your application might perform very diverse tasks, but it needs a single infrastructure to take care of it all. That list of components makes up the software stack. 

 

If you want to become a good expert, you should know some of the famous software stacks. Of course, you don't have to learn them all. You should decide which one you need the most depending on your personal preferences, the field you are working in, or the company requirements. But here is the list of most popular software stacks: 

 

LAMP stack 

 

LAMP is an acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. It is a very popular stack for web applications and websites. One of the most famous apps using the LAMP stack is Facebook. 

 

MERN stack 

 

MERN stands for MongoDB, Express, React, and Node.js. So it is basically based on JavaScript technologies. MERN stack also is widely used in the development of web applications. 

 

MEAN stack 

 

Finally, the last one in our list which is recently becoming more and more popular is the MEAN stack. It is an abbreviation for MongoDB, Express, Angular.js and Node.is. 

 

Another vital question that we have not covered yet is: 

 

What Does a Full Stack Developer Do?

 

Let's say you've learned the main software stacks and found your dream job. What's the use of it if you cannot answer your grandma's question of "What do you do though?" To make sure you don't get confused, we have the answer for that too. 

 

However, it is not very grandma-friendly. 

 

When hired, you might be required to do; 

 

  • The translation of user requirements for the overall architecture

  • The management of the projects, along with the cooperation with the client 

  • Writing back-end code with Java, PHP, Ruby, Python, etc. 

  • Writing a front-end code using JavaScript and HTML 

  • Optimization of the written code 

  • Troubleshooting of the applications and coming up with solutions 

And much more. 

 

Make sure you don't confuse your profession with the software engineer, though. 

 

What’s the Difference between Full Stack Developer and Full Stack Engineer?

 

Your job has a more wide approach. You work with the project more holistically. They design a complete prototype of the product and deal with various aspects of it.  A full stack engineer, on the other hand, usually engages only with one phase. They might be responsible for a single step of the development project. 

 

But if you have to deal with so many different phases of the project, what skills should he have to do so? Here is a list of full stack developer skills that you need to master to become a good professional in your field. So, if you are wondering how to become a great expert, learn these skills: 

 

What Skills Do You Need to Become a Full Stack Developer?

 

The full stack developer skills you need start with the: 

 

Front End 

 

A good full stack developer should have a solid knowledge of front-end development. It includes the knowledge of HTML, JavaScript, CSS3, and so on. You should also be familiar with third-party libraries such as Angular, jQuery, and ReactJS. 

 

Back End 

 

As we have already mentioned, as a full stack developer, you will not only be responsible for the user interface and interactive part of the application but also the back-end logic. So you need to learn server-side programming languages such as Python, Ruby, Java, and others. 

 

Database and Cache 

 

You should also regularly collect the data stored in your client's computer system. The data can be very different. You might deal with the products, financial information, some private data, and so on. 

The most popular databases are SLQServer, Redis, Oracle, and others. 

 

Basic design skills 

 

Yes, we know it. You might think why you should learn design skills if you are getting hired as a developer. Well, of course, design skills are not mandatory, but they are desired for many companies. 

 

The reason for it is that you are going to deal with front end development. So if you want to make the website attractive, you should have some basic designing skills. 

 

It does not mean you should take an in-depth design course. Not at all. Just learn the basic principles of design, and get yourself familiar with UI & UX designing. It will give you an enormous advantage over your competitors. 

 

Web architecture 

 

As a good employee, you are expected to have an in-depth understanding of web architecture. You will be working on very complex web and software applications, so you should know how to build them from scratch. It includes the knowledge of code structure, file categorization, knowledge of the database, and so on. 

 

VCS

 

VCS stands for the version control system. Version control refers to the systems responsible for monitoring the changes in programs, large websites, documents, and so on. 

 

If you are working with a team, then to make your workflow easier, use VCS. It improves the collaboration between the developers so that when one changes something in the file system, it is transparent and visible to others. 

 

Other skills 

 

Finally, do not forget about soft skills. No matter how good of a professional you are, if you cannot communicate with your team efficiently, it will be challenging to work with you. So, improve your communication skills and make sure you are a leader and a team player at the same time. 

 

Also, do not forget about time management skills. Companies do not love when you miss deadlines and come up with excuses. So to not disappoint them, learn how to manage your work to finish all the tasks on time. 

 

Full stack developer salary 

 

Finally, we will answer the most exciting question. How much will you earn? Depending on your skills and experience, expect your  salary to be in the range of $97.000-150.000 per year. 

 

Sum Up 

 

If you want to become a good full stack developer, there are a lot of skills you should master. However, at the end of the day, you will be a demanded professional who has multiple jobs offers all at once! There is no doubt that you will not regret your decision. So start learning today to enjoy the results tomorrow. 

 

Good luck! 

 

Java vs Javascript: What is the Difference?

Which one would win if they were put in a fighting ring - Java or Javascript? Well, sad to disappoint you but these two programming languages would most probably never make it to the ring as they have originally been designed to serve individual purposes. However, we still can find some similarities between Java and Javascript aside from their names. Let’s dig down!

 

Similarities Between Java and Javascript

 

  • Object orientation

 

OOP is a programming paradigm used to construct a software program into classes. 

Object-oriented programming is beneficial since it turns complex models into reproducible structures. It also lets you reuse the objects on other platforms. The object-oriented programming languages include Javascript, C++, Java, and Python. 

 

  • Front-end Development

 

Front-end development traditionally uses HTML, CSS, JavaScript to transform data to a graphical interface, therefore we may claim that Javascript plays an indivisible role for front-end development. Java, on the other hand, was used for front-end web development years ago using Applet technology. However, the technology is no longer secure and hence has been substituted by modern solutions. 

 

  • Back-end Development

 

Back-end development is the practice of connecting the database information to the browser. Java is one of the most widely used back end languages due to the Virtual Machine making its usage so versatile. In contrast, Javascript has a back-end runtime environment Node.js running on the V8 engine and executing JavaScript code outside a web browser.

 

  • Browser-wise

 

Both Java and Javascript are capable of running in a browser. Javascript runs in almost all contemporary web browsers. That’s the main reason why it is among the most preferred programming languages. Java, on the other side, runs in a browser through Java Applets, hence it may cause issues like security and cooperation.

 

Differences Between Java and Javascript

 

  • Usage Purpose

 

Javascript, being a scripting language, is used to develop client-side software programs including JS validation, while Java is mainly utilized in server-side development.  

 

  • Applications developed by Java VS Javascript

 

It’s important to realize that Java and Javascript create entirely different applications. The applications developed by Javascript mostly run in a browser, while the ones created by Java can not only run in a browser but also in a virtual machine.



  • Accessibility

 

As mentioned above, Javascript is used to create interactive and creative web apps, however, Java covers the development of Android applications, desktop applications, scientific, gaming applications, big data technologies, and more.

 

  • Compiled vs Interpreted

 

Javascript is an interpreted scripting language, meaning it can be interpreted by the browser, the client-side. While Java is a compiled programming language. It is compiled on the server before being executed on the client. So the main difference between them lies in the type of implementation. 

 

Key Advantages of Java

 

  • Independence 

 

Java is a completely independent programming language. All you need to do is to download and install the JVM on your computer and the language will run on any operating system.

 

  • Multi-Threading

 

The two languages are very different when it comes to handling the coexistence of several instruction sequences. Java uses multiple threads to execute tasks. It means that it can perform several tasks simultaneously. 




  • Security 

 

Java provides a security manager and security policy for each application it develops. It stops vicious attacks of viruses. Overall, we can claim that Java has fewer vulnerabilities compared to Javascript. Most of Java's weaknesses are due to its popularity.

 

  • Static vs Dynamic

 

Java is a static programming code. It means that the variable type is checked and verified before running the program, while Javascript is dynamic, which means that variable types can be verified during the program run.

 

Java Key Features include 

  • Access to great libraries

  • Portable due to being neutral and implementation free 

  • Great authentication techniques enable to create virus-free, error-free systems

  • The presence of Just-In-Time compilers

  • Highly distributed through the Internet



Key Advantages of Javascript

 

  • Client-side programming language

 

Javascript is again an object-based language, working with data rather than functions.   Unlike Java, Javascript is a scripting programming language which means it gets interpreted. The client-side programming language runs on the user's web browser without the need for the webserver. Javascript is utilized to create interactive web pages.

 

  • Robust Frameworks 

 

Javascript has a huge library of powerful frameworks which make working with Javascript ten times easier. The frameworks are design-adaptable, therefore they are quite popular among the developers. They also allow the programmers to code the application to be device responsive. Overall, we can claim that Javascript frameworks are preferable due to their countless advantages. 

 

  • Procedural Javascript

 

Javascript uses the best of procedural and functional programming, which makes it one of the most convenient languages. Procedural Javascript breaks down the program into smaller functions that can share data or even change the global data.

 

  • Concurrency

 

While Java uses multiple threads to execute tasks simultaneously, Javascript runs a single thread of execution in a queue known as the event loop. Both methods are efficient, though the former is faster and more optimal in executing multiple tasks in parallel. 

 

Javascript core features are the following! 

  • Based on functional style even while creating objects

  • Promise enables async processing

  • Prototype-based programming language, using prototypes instead of classes or inheritance

  • Supported by complex data types such as array, List, Maps, and more

 

Famous Brands that Use Java

 

One may feel overwhelmed by the number of worldwide famous companies that are developed by Java. Here they are

  • Uber

  • Amazon

  • Instagram

  • Spotify

  • Google

  • Netflix 

Most of those companies like Uber and Netflix claim that they have integrated Java for high performance purposes. Java derives benefits from the open source ecosystem and can integrate with high technologies. 

 

Famous Brands that Use Javascript

 

You may be surprised to find out that some of the above-mentioned companies also use Javascript to function. Here they are

  • Uber

  • Facebook

  • Google

  • Netflix

  • eBay

  • Paypal

 

Sum up

 

To sum up, Javascript is used to develop more interactive web pages and runs only in a browser, while Java is used in a wide range of enterprises including Mobile Applications, Desktop GUI Applications, Web-based Applications. The applications created by Java can run both in a virtual machine and a browser. 

Java is utilized for all server-side development, while Javascript is limited to client-side development.

 

In conclusion, the real statement should not be  “Java vs Javascript”.  The question is the difference between java and javascript and what applications are developed by each of them. 

 

Hopefully, this article clarifies the misconception between the two highly different but also similar programming languages helping the readers to make the right choice over what language they need. 




5+ Strategies to Find Developers in 2021

You've decided it: that crazy app idea you had in mind, you're going to turn it into a reality! The only problem is you don't quite know any programming language. So what are you going to do? Well, the only solution left is to find developers and give them the technical work. 

 

But hiring a developer can get messed up, especially if you're doing it for the first time. That is why we have created a guide of strategies to assist you in finding developers and choosing the best one of them. 

 

That said, without further adieu, let's jump into: 

 

How to Find Developers in 2021 

 

There are many ways you can find developers nowadays. In recent years, the IT-sphere became very popular, and many young people started doing their degrees in Computer Science or similar programs. Anyways, your developer might even not have a BA in that sphere as it is very easy to learn programming languages today. There are millions of online courses that give you the basic knowledge absolutely for free, and you can later dive deeper into it with seminars, offline courses, events, and so on. 

 

So the chances are that even some of your friends might do freelance development on the side, without you knowing it. But the question remains: how can you find a software developer? Now some of the most popular places to look for them are: 

 

Freelance developer platforms

 

The freelancing platforms have all types of professionals offering you their freelance services. So it is a place to check out. Here's a list of most-advised freelance developer platforms. 

 

 

Toptal is one of the most famous freelancing platforms. It has more than $200 million annual revenue, and it is growing by each year. Toptal is known for its highly professional freelancers. In fact, 90% of clients hire the first freelancer that Toptal introduced to them. To be short, you can get the best experts on this platform. The only thing to be aware of is that it might be a little pricier than you expected. 

 

If you ever heard about freelancing platforms, you should have heard about Upwork too. Upwork is the largest freelancing platform out there, and almost all freelancers have tried Upwork at least at one point in their career. Yes, there are many good freelancers on this platform, but beware: you might also come across some scam accounts. So, analyze the profiles and reviews before trusting your project to the freelancer. 

 

 

Finally, our last platform on the list is Ithire. You might not have heard about them as they are relatively new to the market, but we promise they are worth trying. The cool thing about Ithire is that it gathers only the best professionals and is focused on the IT sector only. It means you can get true specialists here.

 

 The other advantage of Ithire over the other platforms is that the prices here are pretty affordable. Plus, they have a project manager aligned with each freelancer to help you control the workflow easier. 



Developer Communities & Forums 

 

Another way to find a developer is by skimming through the places they gather: a.k.a. developer communities and forums. 

 

  • Stack Overflow 

 

If you want to find developers online, Stack Overflow is the best platform to do so. It is a website where programmers give questions and get answers regarding different aspects of their job. Although this is a place where people come to learn, you can use it for your purposes. 

 

  • GitHub 

 

GitHub is the largest development platform in the world. So there is no chance that a good developer is not a part of their community. What does this mean? You should check them 

out! 

 

  • Quora 

 

Finally, another place where developers come to solve their issues is Quora. You can look at some popular question threads and find a developer from there. Another thing you can do is to use Quora itself as a medium. Ask the community to help you to find a good developer, and you'll get a bunch of offers in an instant. 



Social Media 

 

Now, who does not use social media these days? It would be unfair not to mention some of the social media platforms in this list. So let's start with the most professional one: 

 

  • LinkedIn 

Yes, you guessed it, LinkedIn. LinkedIn is a professional platform where people mainly visit to update their professional portfolio or find new jobs. You can post a job offer on LinkedIn, briefly introducing your requirements and expectations from the potential developer. In a few days, you'll have pretty good CV-s sent to your inbox.

 

  • Facebook Groups 

 

Here you can find a large pool of developers for hire. Search for Facebook groups named "Freelance developers" or "All about developing" and request them to join the group. Once you're in, you can post a status saying you look for a good developer. Again, your inbox will be flooded with resumes. 

 

  • Twitter 

 

And the last social media platform you can use is Twitter. Shout out to the world that you need a good developer, and don't forget to use hashtags. Today almost everyone has a Twitter account, so the chances are high that this method will work. 

Developer Blogs 

 

You can use developer blogs to contact the writers and offer them your position. Here are some of the blogs that will come in handy: 

 

  • Medium 

 

Medium is a famous American publishing platform where you can find articles on almost all topics. You can search for development-related posts and contact the writer of the most acclaimed article. 

 

  • Free Code Camp 

 

This one is more of a learning platform. However, it also has a large community around it who constantly engage through online publications, forums, and chat rooms. 

 

  • Better Programming 

 

And finally, the last one on our blog list is Better Programming. Again it is used by programmers for learning purposes. However, you can bend the platform to match your needs and contact the writers who write the "how-to" articles. 

 

Referrals 

 

Old but gold referrals will never come out of fashion. You can find some of the best professionals simply with the help of your acquaintances and friends. Ask them whom they would advise, and you'll get to know various good professionals who can be trusted. 

 

So if you know that in your personal network, there might be people who have worked with awesome developers, ask them who they were. Most of the time, Referrals are the simplest and most affordable solution. 



Other Ways to Find Developers 

 

You can also go with the hard path and try to find developers with paid advertisements. However, it is pointless as there are so many free ways to get your job offer out there that paying for it is merely a waste of resources. 

 

However, almost all the strategies mentioned above were online. An offline way to do the same thing is to contact your local agencies and ask for face-to-face interviews. If you love the old manner of doing stuff, then this might work perfectly for you. 



Wrap Up

 

There are many ways to find developers, but the easiest one is to hire them through freelancing platforms. You can also skim through their communities and forums, check out their blogs, or find them through social media platforms. More conventional manners include referrals and offline meetings with local agencies. 

 

Whichever strategy you choose, make sure you conduct a meticulous interview to choose only the best of the best. All we're left to say is good luck! 

 

Shopify Apps You Need in 2021

 

Today having your small business is pretty simple. You don’t even have to rent a place for it: all you need is a website. With companies like Shopify, you can build your eCommerce business in no time and start getting revenue. But the best part of it is that you can make your eCommerce outstanding and fun with the Shopify apps. No matter if you need additional functionality or analyzing tools, apps for Shopify got you covered. 




Top Shopify Apps

Lucky Orange

 

Starting from one of the best free Shopify apps: Lucky Orange. Have you ever wondered how your visitor interacts with your website? Is your visitor scrolling until the end, or does he stop on one of your texts and leaves? Understanding the strong and weak points of your eCommerce website helps you to increase your sales. And that is exactly what Lucky Orange offers! 

 

Lucky Orange gives you an overview of the way your visitors engage with your website. You can see all the mouse clicks, scrolling, stopping, and moving with their recordings. If you want to, you can even watch your visitors in real-time. 

 

It feels like you are standing beside them and watching their screen. Moreover, Lucky Orange also offers heatmaps that visualize your visitors’ clicks and scrollings. This way, you can easily see which are the hottest parts of your website.

 

Lucky Orange is perfect for improving your call to action, specific website sections, or pretty much anything on your page that prevents your visitor from purchasing a product.  

 

Finally, using the live view, you can see what challenges your current visitors have with your page and then help solve them instantly via the chat. In short, Lucky Orange is a perfect tool to analyze your visitors' actions and make changes to your website. 

 

The best part? It has a pretty decent free plan! However, if you decide to go with more advanced tools or have more than one website to track, you might need to switch to the paid versions. 

 

 

If you want to improve your customer experience, then you should try out Jebbit. Jebbit is another great Shopify app that allows you to make product match quizzes. It is a non-code tool, so you do not have to be technical to create an interactive product match quiz.

 

Now, you might wonder why do you need a product match quiz? Well, because it helps you to, later on, offer products which would better suit your visitors' needs, and the chances increase that they will buy from your website. 

 

You ask your visitors specific questions about them and the products they are looking for, and once they complete the quiz, they get a personalized list of products that would fit them the most.

 

In addition to this incredible tool, you also get the chance to create personality quizzes and surveys that can help you to know your customers even better! In the end, you can use Jebbit’s reports and analytical tools to understand how your customers interacted with your quizzes and what they love the most and the least about them.

 

Just like Lucky Orange, Jebbit comes with a free plan, but also has two more paid options to choose from. Their business plan costs $70/mo, and you can get the pro version for $300/mo. 

 

 

This one is our absolute favorite and is one of the must-have Shopify apps. It makes your website more fun and interactive by integrating a “spin-a-sale” game. When your visitor enters your website, a spinning wheel pops up, offering him a small game where he can win a sale or a special offer. It makes your visitor automatically more interested in your website, and even if he did not intend to buy anything, now he is more inclined to do so. You can include different options in the spinning wheel, such as a 20% off, buy one get 2nd for free, or pretty much any other discount offer you want. It instantly raises the curiosity of your visitor and helps you to increase purchases. 

 

But the best part is yet to come. Although it would be hard to understand from its fun appearance the main purpose of this app is to serve as a subscription pop-up. If you put a simple and boring pop-up menu for your visitors to provide their email addresses, chances are high they would simply skip it or even leave your website annoyed with the sudden pop-up menu.

 

However, spin-a-sale makes it seem like a game, and your visitors do not think twice about providing their emails. They know that you need the email for sending them their discount coupon, so they will give it to you without much bothering. 

 

Finally, you can fully customize your spin-a-sale app by putting the exact offers and discounts you want. Unfortunately, Spin-a-Sale does not have a free plan, but their pro plan comes with just $9.99/mo, and you can get the premium version with only $24.99/mo. 

 

 

From Spin-a-Sale to Bold Upsell: another one from the must-have Shopify apps costing just $9.99/mo. 

 

Let’s imagine a scenario. You are in one of your favorite shopping websites, scrolling through the Summer Sale section and choosing a pretty affordable pair of sandals. You add it to your cart and are ready to purchase it when a sudden pop-up bar appears telling you that you can buy a prettier pair of sandals by adding up only $10. Why not right? 

 

You agree to upgrade your purchase order, and then another menu pops up, telling you that your sandals would look the best with a hair bandana that has just the same color as your shoes! What a deal, you think, and add that too to your cart. In the end, you do not even notice how the sandals you found from just $10 turned into a $30 purchase of a prettier pair and a hair bandana. Although you spent a little more, both you and the eCommerce owner are satisfied. 

 

If you want to integrate similar pop-up menus into your eCommerce, Bold Upsell is the app that allows you to do so. It offers your customers upgraded or complementary products to the ones they purchased. It also gives them the chance to easily remove or add up those products to the cart. 

 

As we have mentioned, Bold Upsell’s starter plan comes with just $9.99/mo. However, their Pro plan costs $59.99/mo, so it depends on how many views per month you want to get. Anyways, all of the plans come with a 14-day free trial, so you can test it out before you buy it. 

 

 

Last but not least, introducing to you Tidio: another one of the best free Shopify apps. Tidio takes all your live chat messages, emails, and Messenger texts to one place. You can answer them all from one platform! It also gives you an option to answer many of your customers’ questions automatically. It makes your response time considerably shorter. 

 

The best part about Tidio is that it is very simple and takes just 30 seconds to install on your Shopify. Tidio has a free plan, but if you decide to go with more premium features such as live type preview or seeing a list of live visitors, you can choose from their Communicator or Chatbot plans. 



That is it for today. We hope you have enjoyed our list of top Shopify apps for 2021! Although all of these apps are fun and easy to use, creating and maintaining a Shopify app is still a tough job. If you think you do not have enough time for it, find freelance Shopify developers here and focus on scaling up your business instead. 

Top 6 Wordpress Plugins to Use in 2021

Want to improve your website in 2021 with some of the best WordPress plugins? Great decision! But in this large pool of options, which plugins should you choose? 

You might wonder: why choose at all? There are more than 50000 WP plugins out there, so why not download all the ones you want? The answer is because it will hurt your website. 

You might think having hundreds of SEO, security, backup, and caching plugins will only make your WP boost its performance. But the complete opposite is true. Having too many plugins significantly decreases your website's performance. 

It also makes it harder to keep your website secure. If you have many plugins, it will become harder to manage them and make sure they are all updated. However, you can't really miss the updates either. One of the ways hackers leak into your account is through old plugins. 

The good rule of thumbs is not to get more than 20 plugins for your website. This number lowers down even more if you host your website on shared or low-budget cloud hosting. In these cases, you should not go over five plugins. 

All of this makes it extremely hard to choose the right plugins. That is why we have collected the best WP plugins of 2021 to make your job a little easier. 

But before we jump to our list, as usual, let's have some terms explained for the complete beginners: 

What are WordPress plugins? 

 

WordPress plugins are downloadable extensions to your website that add up its functionality. They are written code that helps to expand the existing functions or add completely new ones. 

There are different plugins that you can download for your website. From SEO plugins to security and caching ones, WordPress offers both free and premium plugins for any aspect of your website. 

 

Where do you find WordPress plugins? 

 

One of the most popular places to find a WP plugin is the official WP plugin directory. It is the official WordPress website for getting open-source and free plugins. If you are a developer, you also can add your plugin to the WP plugin directory. 

Another great platform to find WP plugins is  CodeCanyon. It is a place where you can find a large pool of premium and exclusive plugins. Here you can find many high-quality plugins, but do know that none of them are free. So this option is a good one if you have enough money to purchase your plugins instead of downloading them for free. 

In addition to this, you might also find plugins in the personal websites of developers. Many developers have started to contribute to the community by adding their plugins. However, sometimes they choose to offer them not in the traditional WP plugin directory but on their own websites. 

So this might be an option too! However, beware that not all of these plugins can be trusted. Read some reviews, and make sure the plugin is secure before downloading it. If the website looks quirky and gives you a bad feeling, it might be better to avoid it.  Now that we got all the main concepts cleared out, let us rush straight to the: 

 

Must-have plugins for WordPress in 2021 

To make your job a little easier, we have divided our article into main parts: the free WordPress plugins and the premium ones. Assuming that most of you will be more interested in the free plugins, we will start there. 

Best Free WordPress Plugins 

Here are our best picks among the free WP plugins: 

 

 

Yoast SEO's chief mission is to make SEO available for everyone, no matter big or small. That is why even their free Yoast SEO version has many helpful features that will push you upper on the SERPs (Search Engine Result Pages). 

One of the ways Yoast SEO makes your website more SEO-friendly is by optimizing your text. Yoast SEO conducts an SEO analysis and readability analysis. They point out the ways you can improve your text. 

Yoast SEO helps you with your keyword research by suggesting focus keyword options. After you enter your focus keyword, the plugin analyzes the text and tells you how to improve your keyword usage. 

The best part about Yoast SEO is that their feedback is visually simple. You get a red color if you are doing poorly on the SEO. A yellow is when you are somewhere in the middle, and green is for good. 

The readability analysis tells you how easy your text is to read. Yoast SEO might suggest you shorten some of the sentences or write with more simple words. 

In addition to the text analysis, you also get to preview how your page would look on google, add meta tags and descriptions, do some technical configurations, and much more. 

Here, you can find all of the features for both  Yoast SEO-free and premium versions.  Although the premium version comes with many additional tools, the free version is also pretty good at SEO-optimizing your page. 

 

 

From SEO to Caching. Before we start talking about the plugin, let us first of all figure out what caching is.  

The WordPress core sends a PHP query to the database, which then sends back the requested information. Later on, WordPress uses this data to create an HTML page for the user.

This entire process takes a lot of time, and it influences your site's load speed. Not to make your visitors wait so much for the data to be displayed, you can use caching plugins. 

The caching plugin creates a copy of your HTML site which is called anytime the web user enters your page. It makes the rending time faster, decreasing the time your users wait for your page to load. 

That said, let us take a look at one of the most popular caching plugins: the WP Super Cache. With WP Super Cache, you can improve your website performance and speed significantly. 

If your website is having too much daily traffic or is too slow, WP Super Cache will solve it. By creating HTML files coming directly from Apache, it lightens your website. You can read how to set up the WP Super Cache here

 

 

We talked about SEO and performance so far, but it all fades away if your website is not secure. You need to keep your page safe for your users, especially if they trust their credit card credentials, login passwords, and any other personal information to you. 

And even if your clients do not share this type of information, you still cannot afford to have your website hacked. That is why we suggest downloading one of the best free WordPress plugins, the Wordfence Security. 

Wordfence Security comes with a WP Firewall, Security Scanner, Wordfence Central, Login Security, and other security tools. The firewall helps to find and block all the attacks. It also identifies which IP addresses are the most suspicious and automatically sends them to the blacklist. 

With WordFence Security, you can also conduct security checkups that will check your plugins, core files, URLs, and the website in large to find if there are any malicious codes added. 

The login security enables you to add Captcha to your page to protect you from bots that try to log in. You can also add two-factor authentication (2FA) to make sure only the trusted members log in. 

These are only a few of WordFence Security features. It provides much more, and the good news is for free! Of course, WordFence Security also has the premium version for more advanced tools, but the free one still has a lot covered

Best Premium WordPress Plugins 

Now that we have discussed some of the best free plugins, it is time to look at the premium ones. If you have some money to spare, then this section is for you! Of course, all of the plugins we mentioned above also have their premium versions, but we won't talk about them here to not bore you out. 

Instead, we have created a new list of exciting and fun WP plugins for you to take a look at! Let's start with the: 

 

 

One of the essential parts of your website is the contact us section. If your visitors want to connect with you somehow, they should have a clear understanding of how to do so. 

If you leave your email and phone number somewhere at the end of your website, most of your visitors will simply give up on the idea of contacting you. Moreover, writing an email requires a lot of hassle, and many of the visitors will skip that part. 

So, what should you do instead? Create user-friendly forms, which will make contacting simple. Here is where the WP Forums plugin comes in. With its drag-and-drop builder, you can easily create forms, and embed them in your website. 

It also comes with pre-built templates that simplify your work even further. You get instant notifications when users respond to the forms, and the forms are also 100% mobile-friendly. 

With WPForms, you can create contact us forms, surveys, registration forms, and even payment forms. It's all simple and easy! If it seems interesting for you, check their pricing page to learn about their plans. 

 

 

Regularly backing up your website is a must. You must be sure that you have a saved version of your WordPress in case the worst happens. What if your page gets attacked by hackers? Will you have a backup version just in case? Well, you should. And the BackupBuddy will help you with it. 

With BackupBuddy, you can back up your entire website in no time. It collects all the data needed to run your website and wraps it up in a zip file. This way, when wanted, you can restore your website from scratch.

The BackupBuddy also allows you to schedule your backups. You can set up automatic backups that will run daily, twice a day, weekly, bi-weekly, monthly, and so on. When the backups are finished you get notified immediately, so that you can take care of them. You can learn more about the plugin and purchase it here. 

 

We end our list with a builder WP plugin. A builder plugin simplifies website building and helps you to create pages easily. 

The Beaver Builder allows you to experiment with your creativity and build professional websites with no coding. The simple drag-and-drop feature makes building pages fun and gives you total control over your website. 

With Beaver Builder, you can easily design your page how you want it to look in the front-end. The live, front-end editing feature allows you this. The way you build it is the way you will see it: all simple.

 

The Beaver Builder works with almost all of the themes and is also mobile-friendly. It has Woocommerce support and is SEO-optimized: what else do you need? 

So if you want to build your websites fast and easy, get the Beaver Builder plugin and enjoy the process. By the way, if you need the free alternative for this plugin, you can also try Elementor, which is also a very popular WordPress builder. 

That was it for today. 

We listed the best free and premium WordPress plugins for 2021. However, even with the plugins, website creation and management can be tiring for absolute beginners. If you think you don't have enough time for that, hire a freelance WordPress developer, and let him do the work for you! 



Top 5 HTML5 Tips and Trick: Major Features to Know

Want to create an attractive website? You don’t have to hire an expensive UI/UX designer for that. With HTML5, CSS and JavaScript, you have enough tools to make your website unforgettable. 

In this blog entry, we are giving you a complete HTML5 tutorial. It will help you to make your website even better! However, if you don’t have enough time, you can hire professional html5 developers on our website.

Before we jump into our HTML5 tutorial and explore the coolest HTML5 tips and tricks, let’s understand how HTML5 is different from HTML.  

 

What is new in HTML5 ? 

 

First of all, let’s take a look at the new features of HTML5 and understand in which aspects it is different from HTML. Here are some of the major factors: 

 

Audio and Video 

Storage 

Support of Web Browser 

Vector Graphics 

Usability 

 

With HTML 5, you can embed media without third-party plugins. You can also use canvas and svg to use vector graphics without additional technologies. When it comes to storage, with HTML5 you can use application cache, web storage, and web SQL database. Compare it to HTML with just the browser cache, and the advantages are visible. However, not all web browsers support the new HTML5 features. Nevertheless, HTML5 is still a preferred version as it is easy to use and has a simple syntax than HTML. 

 

Now straight to the: 

Top 5 HTML5 Tips and Tricks

Audio and Video Tags 

 

The concept of media was foreign to HTML. So one large leap that HTML5 makes is introducing us to audio and video. It is one of the fundamental HTML5 features, as it rids you from the headache of using third-party plugins. 

 

Audio 

 

Now, you can use HTML5’s <audio> tag to embed your audio directly into your website. However, currently only the most popular and recent browsers support HTML5 audio. So, it is better to use some type of backward compatibility: 

 

<audio autoplay="autoplay" controls="controls">

    <source src="file.ogg" />

    <source src="file.mp3" />

    <a>Download this file.</a>

</audio>

 

Keep in mind that Mozilla and Webkit do not get along with this new audio format yet. You will need to use the .mp3 extension for the Webkit browsers, while Firefox will ask you for a .ogg file. In short, for the time being, try to maintain two versions of your audio to avoid issues. 

 

Also, note that Safari will not recognize the .ogg format when loading your page switching to the mp3 version. 

 

Video 

 

Just like the <audio> tag, HTML5 also provides the <video> tag for embedding your videos to your website without third-party plugins. The good news is that YouTube announced that it added an HTML5 video embed for YouTube videos, which makes embedding even easier! Of course, you should make sure that your browser supports this new format. 

 

Safari and Internet Explorer 9 will support the H.264 format video, as the Flash Player can read it. However, Firefox and Opera only support the Theora and Vorbis formats. So, just like with audio, it is better to have both formats for your HTML5 videos. Here is an example of using the <video> tag: 

 

<video width="320" height="240" controls>

  <source src="movie.mp4" type="video/mp4">

  <source src="movie.ogg" type="video/ogg">

Your browser does not support the video tag.

</video>

 

 

The Canvas Element 

 

Another creative way you can use the <canvas> element is by making animations with it. With the mix of the <canvas> element and JavaScript, it is now possible to create pretty animations without needing the Flash: right from your web browser. If you want to give it a shot, here is an HTML5 tutorial for making animations with canvas

 

One thing is for sure: animations and similar visual enhancements have always attracted the attention of visitors. So if you want to take your website’s user experience to another level, you need to give it a try. 

 

Another key element of HTML5 is the <canvas> which has influenced the wide usage of Adobe Flash in many websites. You can use the <canvas elements for drawing graphics with different colors and shapes by using scripting (usually JavaScript). It is a container for visual graphics. Here’s an example of its usage: 

 

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #000000;”>

</canvas>

 

 

Voice Recognition Feature 

 

Another cool feature of HTML5 is its voice recognition tool. With the new speech recognition API, your visitors can browse through your website using voice commands. JavaScript has access to your browser’s audio coming from speech recognition API. It can then convert the audio to text and complete the directives. Of course, this will only work if the voice is decipherable. Here’s a visual representation of the process: 

 

 

At this moment, the voice recognition feature of HTML5 is supported only by Chrome. But because Chrome has a booming 63.3 percent of market share, it is not that sad. Your voice recognition feature would be available to the majority of your visitors. It will make your website unique and help it to stand out. 

 

Here’s how you voice recognition to a text input: 

 

<input type="text" x-webkit-speech />

 

 

The Ability for Visitors to Customize Background or Text Color 

 

 

One of the coolest features of HTML5 is that you can have your customers choose the background and text color they want your website to be in. It will add an extra layer of fun to your website and will enhance the user experience. Here’s the extra code you need to add to your website to make this possible. 

 

 

<select name=”clr” onchange=”document.bgColor=this.options[this.selectedIndex].value” size=”1″>

    <br>

    <option value=”black”>black

        <option value=”orange”>orange

            <option value=”flamingred”>fuschia

                <option value=”lightyellow”>light yellow

                    <option value=”green”>green

                        <option value=”cyan”>cyan

                            <option value=”yellow”>yellow

                                <option value=”red”>red

                                    <option value=”white”>white</option>

</select>&nbsp;&nbsp;Background Color

 

<br>

<select name=”clr” onchange=”document.fgColor=this.options[this.selectedIndex].value” size=”1″>

    <br>

    <option value=”black”>black

        <option value=”orange”>orange

            <option value=”flamingred”>fuschia

                <option value=”lightyellow”>light yellow

                    <option value=”cyan”>cyan

                        <option value=”yellow”>yellow

                            <option value=”red”>red

                                <option value=”white”>white</option>

</select>&nbsp;&nbsp;Text Color

 

 

Help your visitors to enjoy your website to the fullest! 

Map Images 

We end our HTML5 features list with the map images. With this cool feature, you can make different areas of your image clickable. For instance, you can have a map of your country and link various restaurant websites to specific areas. This way, when your visitor clicks on those areas, she will be led to the local restaurant’s website! 

 

How do you do that? You simply need to mention the X and Y coordinates in the <area> element which is in the <map> element. Here’s an example: 

 

 

<h1 style="text-align:center;">The 7 Continents</h1>

 

<h4 style="text-align:center;">&#10148; Click on the dots in the image to go to a continent section</h4>

 

<map name="continents_map">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="70,70,10" href="#north_america">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="133,185,10" href="#south_america">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="270,137,10" href="#africa">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="292,44,10" href="#europe">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="469,201,10" href="#australia">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="374,65,10" href="#asia">

 

 <area shape="circle" coords="340,267,10" href="#antartica">

 

</map>

 

<figure style="text-align:center;">

 

    <img usemap="#continents_map" src=https://bit.ly/2bgFrvL width="600px" />

 

    <figcaption>World Map</figcaption>

 

</figure>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="africa">Africa</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in Africa</p>

 

</div>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="asia">Asia</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in Asia</p>

 

</div>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="europe">Europe</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in Europe.</p>

 

</div>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="south_america">South America</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in South America.</p>

 

</div>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="north_america">North America</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in North America:</p>

 

</div>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="antartica">Antarctica</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in Antarctica.</p>

 

</div>

 

<div>

 

    <h3 id="australia">Australia</h3>

 

    <p>Our locations in Australia.</p>

 

</div>

 

 

With these five HTML5 features, you will take your website to the next level and make all your visitors want to come back for more! So make sure you amaze your visitors.

6 Best Wordpress Themes of 2021

All of us want our websites to stand out. If you are running your website on WordPress, you can make it unique by downloading a trendy WordPress theme. It might feel like the websites you are looking at which have fancy slideshows or visuals are very expensive. The truth is many WordPress themes out there offer outstanding functionality and are free. 

Ever wondered: “What WordPress theme is that?” when scrolling through a beautiful WP website? Do not worry! You will find it in our list of WordPress themes because we have gathered only the best of the best. But before we start our best WordPress themes 2021 edition, let’s have a quick recap: 

 

What is a WP theme?

 

Let’s start with a quick recap: what is a WordPress theme? To be short, it is a file that contains the stylesheets, template files, various images, and even sometimes JavaScript files that make up your website design.

You don’t change your website or database when you Change your theme. It only changes the way your content was displayed on your WordPress website. It also might provide some additional functionality to your page. So, a good theme is all about the look and feel of your page.

 

Why will a WP theme have an impact on your website?

 

There are several reasons why you should care about your WordPress theme. First of all, your website’s design is one of the most fundamental factors that keep your users engaged. If you can make your page look outstanding, it will improve your user experience and hence, also will play a role in your SEO. On the contrary, poor design mostly scares off your users and makes your website look insecure. 

 

Moreover, a good WordPress theme also gives you access to some of the features that can make your website more serviceable to your visitors. For instance, some of the themes allow you to add affiliate links to the products you have mentioned in your blog or page. So, it becomes easier for your visitors to navigate to their favorite products’ pages. Plus, it also makes your job way simpler. 

In short, WordPress theme is one of the most fundamental aspects of your website, and choosing the best one is an absolute must. That is why to help you make the right decision, we have gathered the: 

 

6 Best WordPress Themes of 2021 

 

Before we jump into the overview of the themes one by one, you should understand: what type of website is yours? In this blog post, we have divided the article into two main sections:

 

Themes for business websites and blogs

Themes for portfolios.

 

So, if you are using WordPress to demonstrate your work as an artist, photographer, or designer: jump right into the portfolio section.

If you have an eCommerce or use your website for professional purposes, then the business section is the one you need. We have also included the bloggers in this section as the themes for both blogs and business websites do not differ much.

 

If you are looking for a decent theme to use for your food blog, travel blog, or even a personal website for just scribbling down your thoughts, then you’ll find a good choice in our WordPress themes for business, and bloggers will 

 

Let’s dive deeper into: 

 

Best WP Themes for Businesses and Bloggers  

 

First of all, let’s understand what functionalities your business WordPress theme needs to have. One of the main qualities you should consider is the theme performance. Both your blog and business websites cannot work without having top-quality performance. You always have the traffic coming to your page, and slow load speed will scare the users away. 

That is why one of the main pieces of advice you’ll get when looking for a WP theme is to keep it stupidly simple. Sometimes, the website owners make the mistake of getting a bloated theme. These are the themes that are overburdened with features which makes them slow and considerably harms the performance. 

So although it is tempting to choose a theme with mesmerizing animations and slideshows, think about whether they are worth the sacrifice. It is way better to go with simple WordPress themes. Also, try to choose a theme with readable fonts, don’t rush for the fancy fonts because they might be hard to read. 

In short, your key focus should be the performance and not the appearance of your theme. Here are some of the simple WordPress themes that will work the best in this case: 

 

Sydny Pro 

 

So, you are looking for the perfect WordPress theme? Congratulations, you've found it! Sydney is one of the most popular themes out there. 

 

With an impressive five-star review in WordPress and more than active 100.000 installations, Sydney is a ruler in the market. And there are reasons why people love this theme so much!

It has 16 custom widgets that open up a door of endless design options. You can customize your page by changing the colors or fonts. Sydney Pro also gives you five templates and Crelly slider plugin support. So no matter you choose the free or pro option, your business will enjoy it.

 

Astra 

 

This one is for the businesses which are aiming high. If you are a fast-growing business, you cannot afford a slow website. Every minute of your low speed impacts gravely on your conversions and bounce rate. So for big business and blog websites, you need an extra light theme. It will help you to keep the high loading speed of your website.

And here is when Astra comes into play. Astra theme is one of the fastest themes in the market. It has a high-quality code, which is perfectly optimized for performance. In addition to that, Astra offers a wide range of design tools. You have killing footer and header options. You can also play around with fonts and layouts and much more. Customize Astra further with the Beaver or Elementor builders.

Another cool advantage of the theme is that it has an already built-in schema markup that makes it more SEO-friendly. So if you  want to boost your conversions and beat the competitors, Astra will help you along the way.

 

Leto 

 

This theme is a perfect choice for all the online shops out there. Leto is one of the best WordPress eCommerce themes. 

 

It is a free eCommerce WP theme that has attractive features for your online shop. 

 

It has a wide header image, a pretty shopping cart configuration, and much more. One of the advantages of the Leto WordPress theme is that it is compatible with WooCommerce. 

Moreover, if you dig deeper into the settings, you will see how many options you have for customizing the theme. You can change the fonts, typography, colors, and much more. Those who know WordPress will easily navigate the settings: all of the customization options use the default WordPress customizer. 

Another great functionality of this free eCommerce WP theme is that it gives you widgets to develop your homepage. You can move around your sections and add media banners. 

No matter if you choose to go with the free or premium version, Leto is by far one of the best WordPress eCommerce themes you can find! 

 

Best WP Themes for Portfolios 

 

Remember how we advised you to use simple WordPress themes for your business? Well, the complete opposite works for the portfolios. 

Your portfolio visitors have different expectations compared to the eCommerce visitors, for instance. It allows you to push the border a little further and choose the fancier options. The portfolio visitors do not care if your website is incredibly fast or has an outstanding performance. 

What matters for the portfolio visitors is how good your work is and how well it is displayed. Your work can be excellent, but if you showcase your work inadequately, it will not work. So the main feature you should care about for your portfolio website is its design and fashionable functionality. poorly

Here you can go extra with the animations, slideshows, and pretty much everything you need. But at the same time, make sure you do not overdo it, as your website might significantly drop the load speed. Finally, make sure that the WordPress theme you choose can upload high-quality images and media in general. 

 

So taking these features into account, here is our best WP themes for the portfolio list: 

 

 

Divi

 

Divi is one of the classic WordPress themes. No matter what the purpose of your website is, Divi will work perfectly for it. It has quality coding and a high level of support. But one of the reasons we have included Divi in the portfolio WordPress themes list is its multipurpose functionality and elegant design. 

Divi offers full-width layouts that make portfolios look classy. You can also show off your works in a carousel or a checkerboard style. Also, don’t forget to take advantage of Divi’s drag-and-drop builder, which helps create visually exciting pages. 

In short, Divi is one of our favorites, as it is a flexible and powerful theme that works perfectly for portfolio-building. 

 

Oshine 

 

Another flexible theme is the Oshine. Its big community of users can confirm it: Oshine is one of the most flexible themes out there. Oshine also markets itself as a multipurpose theme, but its main target is the creative individuals such as photographers or designers. 

You can choose to build your portfolio from scratch, but choosing your section gutters, overlays, columns, and more. But that’s not it! 

Oshine gives you eight different hovering choices along with seven title options. You have sliders, galleries, and lightboxes to present your works. So you pretty much can turn any portfolio idea into reality with Oshine. 

 

Fevr 

 

The last one on our list is Fevr. Although it is not as popular as Divi or Astra, Fevr is  a pretty good choice for portfolios. It is designed specifically for that purpose and has pretty decent portfolio layouts along with different page templates. Its wide range of templates will help you to present your works beautifully. 

Fevr gives you a lot of handy features, such as a space to show your client testimonials, mention your team members, and so on. 

And of course, just like other themes, you can easily customize your website with Fevr. It has endless theme options that allow you to change colors, play around with the background and fonts. In the end, if you want to fully customize it, you can create a child theme and twist it the way you want. 

Finally, Fevr is a pretty fast theme too. It has been PageSpeed optimized, and it also has the bbPress and WooCommerce integrations. 

Here was our list of the best WordPress themes in 2021! However, if designing a WordPress website seems too much of a hassle for you, do not worry. We have a solution for it too. Find the best WordPress freelancers on our platform and get the job done. 

4 Important Reasons to Use PHP

PHP is one of the most popular languages in programming. It has been used for already two decades but remains one of the most popular and scripting languages. With PHP having this many supporters and practitioners, you might wonder: what’s the deal? In this blog entry, we will tell you why everyone loves PHP and why you need to use PHP too. 

 

Why use PHP? 

 

As we have mentioned, PHP is a pretty popular language among developers. It is chiefly practiced in web development and is one of the best choices in the field. At first, developers used PHP for getting dynamic and user-friendly websites. Currently, PHP is mostly used for building and maintaining server-side applications.

 

So, you can use PHP for a bunch of purposes. It works for building desktop applications, and PHP5 even supports object-oriented programming. So, PHP is open for a variety of usages, and it’s up to you to bend it the way you want. 

 

There are innumerable reasons why to use PHP. Just think about it: the two of the most famous software, Facebook and WordPress, were written using PHP. WordPress has the largest share in the CMS market and a large community of developers and supporters. 

 

And Facebook? It is useless to mention what a huge role it plays among social media platforms. Having both software on PHP already adds up a lot to this scripting language. 

 

But, let’s not jump ahead of us. Here are: 

 

Four important reasons to use PHP 

 

Cost-efficient solution 

 

One of the main benefits of PHP is that it is open-source. It means you can considerably cut off your expenses by using this free-scripting language.

 

Not only is PHP free, but also most of the development tools connected with it are. In short, PHP will help you to save your development budget. 

 

Famous websites using PHP 

 

Another reason to trust PHP is that some key websites have done so and did not regret it. Here are just a few names of PHP-using websites: 



  • Wikipedia: Yes, that omniscient website that you refer to for pretty much anything is using PHP and MySQL/MariaDB as their database backend. 
  • Tumblr: The meme-community that has more than 555 million monthly visitors switched to PHP7 in 2016.
  • Slack: Finally, one of the most famous professional communication platforms with over 3 million active users in a day deploys PHP. 

 

Flexible code 

 

If you are wondering how to make a PHP website, the answer is: easily! PHP code is flexible and easy to use. But more than that, it is also a cross-platform solution. You can run it on Windows, macOS, Unix, and Linux. 

 

Moreover, the PHP backend is supported on Apache, Microsoft IIS, Caudiom, and many other chief servers. All of this makes it easy to build cross-platform applications and not worry about compatibility errors. 

 

Faster loading speed 

 

We will conclude our benefits of PHP with this one: better loading speed. PHP is currently making your website load around three times faster than Python does. Getting a high load speed is essential for your SEO, user experience, and conversion rate. So, having a scripting language that does not decrease your load speed is a significant advantage. 


If you don’t know PHP and don’t have time to learn from it from scratch, no worries! Just
hire the best PHP developers with our platform.

What Is Figma? — an Ultimate Guide to Figma Definition

If you are looking forward to learning about Figma, its features, who can use it, what are the prices for it, then check this article for your reference. In this article, you will find out 

What is Figma?

Who is it for?

Figma Pricing

What is Figma?

In our days, the digital world seems to take over new heights. Also, because of Covid-19, many people started to work online and some businesses started to operate remotely. Hence, a space where the teams would work remotely, yet efficiently, was vital. This is also when we hear many people working collaboratively on Figma or at least using the tool recently. 

People in the digital world seem to use the word “Figma” more and more often. So, how should one define Figma? What is it? 

Figma Definition: 

To put in short, Figma is a design and prototyping tool. As it is clearly stated on the website, “Figma brings product teams together for a faster and inclusive design workflow”. Generally, it is a tool that assists teams working remotely or not in creating, testing and handing in intuitive designs from the very beginning to the end. 

There are some other platforms similar to Figma, such as Sketch, Adobe XD and InVision, where designers turn their ideas into reality. However, there is a key factor with which Figma stands out from the rest of the tools similar to it. It allows a group of team members to work on a single project at the same time, enabling fast and effective shipping of projects. Moreover, Figma is available on Macs, Windows PCs and Linux machines, which makes the tool accessible for a wider group of people. Let’s say, digital designers have Macbooks they work on, developers use Linux or PCs, and the client has a PC. Assuming this is the case, everyone can easily access Figma! 

Figma’s software has a number of advantages over the other existing tools and platforms. To know more about them, go over the list below:

Work Fast! It enables the designers to use Figma easily and quickly, saving time on installing, saving files or exporting them. You would agree that even a few seconds matter to get the projects done faster!

Work with a team! This tool gives the opportunity to share the file with the team members and work on it collaboratively, no matter in the office or thousands of kilometers distanced. Figma ensures comfort for the teams!

Work in tandem! Figma is perfect for doing two different works alongside. You can design and prototype accordingly, receive feedback for the design or test those as much as you like. It is an effective tool for design and prototyping, boosting team’s productivity. 

Who is it for?

There might be an impression that digital designers are the only ones who use Figma. However, Figma’s design is for everyone. 

It enables designers to create, craft and form digital design from the beginning to the end. Designing, wire-framing, prototyping is all available with Figma, and digital designers showcase their excellency in their field. 

Although it is a tool largely used by digital designers, product owners and developers also easily use or share the digital design project files on Figma. Other team members can easily work on the files, give feedback, leave comments, and extract the ready files. 

Thanks to its simple layout, even non-specialists can easily navigate around and grab the necessary files from it. So, everyone can use Figma!

 

Figma Pricing

Like many other tools or platforms, Figma Pricing is designed for different needs. There are three options: starter, professional and organization.  

If you choose a starter option, it will give you a free subscription. You can have up to 3 projects with 2 editors. It still gives you unlimited cloud storage and unlimited free viewers. Starter option is suitable for beginners, just making their first steps into digital design. 

If you choose a professional option, it will cost you $12 per editor per month billed annually or $15 per editor month-to-month. Compared to the starter option, the professional option has more advantages. You can have unlimited projects and version history, custom file/user permissions, invite-only private projects, and most importantly, shareable team libraries. This is quite a beneficial package for those who are experienced and want to use all the privileges of this design and prototyping tool.  

If you choose an organization option, it will cost you $45 per editor per month billed ONLY annually. This option is mostly suitable for bigger companies specialized in digital designing. You will have all the features available in the professional option, but also private plugins and plugin administration, shared fonts, SSO + advanced security, as well as design system analytics. The key advantage of this option is the availability of admin and security features. It gives opportunity to larger teams to organize their work and experience with Figma in a higher level of comfort. 

In Brief: 

Figma is a design and prototyping tool designed for digital designers and eased enough to be used by non-specialists while sharing or extracting files. It is accessible to all machines and is customized for beginners, smaller or bigger teams, offering three subscription plans. 

If you are in search of experienced freelance developers for your projects, check Ithire professional developers’ database

Top 6 React Interview Questions and Answers for 2021

React.js interview questions may seem quite troublesome if you have not taken your time preparing for the BIG day. Slowly but steadily, React is becoming one of the most influential Javascript frameworks in the marketplace. Therefore the demand for React js developers is increasing daily. 

So, if you desire to find a job as a front-end developer or find a front-end developer for your project, get prepared with these React Interview Questions beforehand and achieve your objectives! 

 

Generic React Interview questions

 

What is React?  

React is a front-end JavaScript library developed by Facebook in 2011. Its principal purpose is to grow compound and interactive web and a  mobile User Interface. It is based on a component approach and helps to expand reusable UI components. 

The main features of React js are 

Virtual DOM

Server-side rendering 

Unidirectional data flow

React JS makes it altogether easy to write User Interface test cases. React conveniently incorporates other frameworks such as Angular, Meteor. 

It is essential to keep in mind that React is just a library rather than a fully developed framework. The library is wealthy, but don't worry, you have plenty of time to do your research.



What is JSX?

JSX stands for JavaScript XML. JavaScript XML is a file used by Reach employing the full potential of JavaScript with HTML-like syntax. The HTML file is accessible to understand, have a look below. 

 

render(){

    return(     

          

<div>

             

<h1> Hello World from Edureka!!</h1>

 

         </div>

 

    );

}

Browsers cannot read a JavaScript XML since they only read JavaScript objects. Therefore, JSX files get converted into a JavaScript object by JavaScript transformers such as Babel for browsers to read it. 

 

After such general questions, the interview will turn into a more technical discussion.

 

 

Is there any difference between Real DOM and Virtual DOM?

 

Yes, there certainly is. Real Dom is slow and creates a new DOM every time an element gets updated. Virtual DOM is faster and updates JSX if an element gets updated. Real Dom can directly update HTML, while Virtual Dom cannot, however Virtual DOM manipulation is much easier compared to Real Dom expensive manipulation. 

So, we can say that Virtual Dom is originally the copy of the Real DOM. It is a light JavaScript Object, a note tree that lists the elements, the attributes and content as Objects. The Virtual DOM works in three easy steps. 

Whenever any fundamental data changes, the entire User Interface gets re-rendered in Virtual DOM representation.

The difference between the previous representation and the new one is calculated. 

After the calculatioReact.js interview questions may seem quite troublesome if you have not taken your time preparing for the BIG day. Slowly but steadily React is becoming one of the most influential Javascript frameworks in the marketplace, hence the demand for React Certificate is increasing daily. 

So, if you desire to find a job as a front-end developer, prepare with these React Interview questions beforehand and achieve your dream!

 

What is Props? 

Props stand for properties in React. They are purely fixed read-only components that are always passed down from the parent to the child components and never back. A child component can never send a prop back to the parent. It guarantees the unidirectional data flow of React.

 

What is a State?

 

States are the core feature of React components. They are a source of the data and are mutable, unlike props. In a word, states directly determine components rendering and behavior. 

 

There is an underlying difference between Props and States. Props acquire initial value from parent components, while states do not. Meanwhile, the parent component cannot change its value in States, but it can in Props. The same goes for the child component as well. Both States and Props set the default insight component. The insight component is unchangeable in Props, while it can undergo mutation in States.

 

Describe the React js lifecycle

React defines components as classes or functions. Components defined as classes provide more features. You need to extend React.Component, to define a component as class. Render is the only method that must be defined in a React.Component subclass. All the other methods are optional. Have a look!

 

class App extends React.Component {

render() {

return (

<div className="App">

<h2>Hellow World!</h2>

</div>

);

}

}

Each component has several “Lifecycle Methods” that can override to run codes throughout the entire process. 

 

Lifecycle methods are divided into four classes: 

Mounting

Updating

Unmounting

Error handling

 

Mounting includes constructor(). Constructors are used for two main reasons:

Starting a local state by assigning an object to this.state.

Binding event handler methods to an instance.

 

static getDerivedStateFromProps() is called right before the render method. This method exists in rare usage cases when the state depends on whether props will change over time. This method is fired on every render, in contrast to UNSAFE_componentWillReceiveProps, which only fires when the parent causes a re-render and not as a result of a local setState.

 

render()

The render method is the only required method in a class component. When it gets called, it examines this.prop and this.state and returns one of the following types. The render function should not change the component state. It should return the same function every time it is invoked.  

The render function does not interact with the browser, but if you need it to interact, simply perform your work in componentDidMount() or the other lifecycle methods instead.

 

componentDidMount()

ComponentDidMount() is supplicated after a component is mounted. This method is a good place to set up any subscriptions. However, in that case, you should unsubscribe in componentWillUnmount(). SetState() can immediately be called in componentDidMount(), which will trigger another rendering. However, it will happen before the screen is updated by the browser. Therefore, the users won't see that the render has been called twice. 

 

shouldComponentUpdate()

ShouldComponentUpdate() is used to let React know if the state or props current change has affected the component’s return or not. The default behavior must re-render on every state change.

When shouldComponentUpdate() returns false, componentDidUpdate(), UNSAFE_componentWillUpdate, render() are not called. However, React may later treat shouldComponentUpdate() as a hint rather than a directive and returning false may still result in a re-rendering of the component.

 

shouldComponentUpdate()

ShouldComponentUpdate() is used to let React know if a component’s return is not affected by the state or props current change. The default behavior must re-render on every state change. 

When shouldComponentUpdate() returns false, componentDidUpdate(), UNSAFE_componentWillUpdate, render() are not called. However, React may later treat shouldComponentUpdate() as a hint rather than a directive and returning false may still result in a re-rendering of the component.

 

getSnapshotBeforeUpdate()

getSnapshotBeforeUpdate() enables your component to acquire some information from the DOM before it changes, passing any value returned by this lifecycle as a parameter to componentDidUpdate().

componentDidUpdate()

componentDidUpdate() is called immediately after updating occurs. This method is not called for the initial render.  ComponentDidUpdate() can be used for operating the DOM when the component has been updated. You can also do network requests as long as you compare the current props to previous props. 

Unmounting

This method is invoked when a component is being removed from the DOM:

componentWillUnmount()

componentWillUnmount() is called immediately before a component is unmounted and destroyed. 

Emergency cleanups such as invalidating timers, canceling network requests, cleaning componentDidMount() subscriptions should be performed straight away. 

SetState() should not be called in componentWillUnmount() because the component will never be re-rendered. Once a component instance is unmounted, it will never be mounted again.

Error Handling

Error Handling Methods are invoked when there is an error during the lifecycle methods, in the construction of any child component, or during rendering. 

static getDerivedStateFromError()

This lifecycle is called when a descendant component throws an error. It receives the error that was thrown as a parameter and should return a value to update state.

GetDerivedStateFromError() is called during the “render” phase, so side-effects are not permitted. To have side-effects permitted use componentDidCatch(). 

With the componentDidCatch(), the lifecycle is supplicated after a descendant component throws an error. It receives two parameters:

error- an error appears

info - An object with a componentStack key containing information about which component threw the error.

ComponentDidCatch() is called during the “commit” phase, so side-effects are permitted. It should be used for things like logging errors.

All in all, you will have to focus on both basic interview questions and more technical ones such as React component questions, React Redux, and Router Interview questions to pass the stage. Don’t stress much, take your time, and go for it. 

Good luck!!

 

 

Angular VS React in 2021: Which One You Should Choose?

Angular VS React: it seems like developers have been debating which framework is better for eternity. 

But what exactly is the difference? Which framework should you choose to study in 2021? 

Or maybe, you are wondering which developer to hire for your next project and do not know whether you need an Angular or React developer?

No matter what your struggle is, we are here to help you out. 

We have done an insightful Angular VS React comparison, looking at different aspects of each framework. Take a look and figure out yourself which will suit the best for your needs! 

But before we dive deeper into our little competition, let’s start from the basics. What is Angular framework, and what is React framework? 

 

What is the Angular framework? 

 

Angular was launched in September 2016 and is a full rewrite of Angular 1.0(Angular JS). It is an open-source JavaScript framework that is mainly used for web and mobile development. Angular is based on TypeScript and is managed by the Angular Team at Google, along with other individuals and companies. 

 

The Angular was released in 2010 and was rewritten by the same team who built AngularJS. By now, there have been 11 versions of Angular, last released on February 24, 2021. 

 

Angular has been used by big companies, such as McDonald’s, HBO, Apple, Adobe, Nike, Forbes, Microsoft, and so on. 

Now, let’s take a look at React: 

 

What is the React framework? 

 

React framework is one of the most famous JS frameworks, and it has a big community supporting it. React is aimed to help you to create interactive and easy-to-use UI. It was released in May 2019 and is managed by Facebook and the open-source community of developers. 

 

React developers should be ready for continuous updates, as the framework is revised pretty often. Currently, there are 17 versions of React, the last one released on October 22, 2020. 

 

React is used by such large companies as Facebook, Netflix, PayPal, The New York Times, Airbnb, Uber, Twitter, etc. 

 

Now, let’s start our comparison aspect by aspect. So, straight to the: 

 

Angular VS React comparison 

 

First of all, let’s understand which of the frameworks is more widely used. 

 

Usage 

 

Angular 

 

Angular is used for both website and mobile development. But it’s fair to mention that a big deal in mobile development is done using Ionic. Angular also has an additional framework for mobile development, the NativeScript. You can use Angular for single and multiple-page web applications. 

 

React 

 

Now back to React. Again, just like Angular, you can use React both for the website and mobile applications. But just like Angular, for mobile development, it has an additional framework, the React Native. Also, for mobile development, you need to incorporate it with Cordova. React too can be used both for single and multiple-page web applications.

 

Built-in features 

 

You are probably familiar with all the fuss about Angular being a framework and React a library. Many developers think it is useless to compare these two as it is like comparing oranges and apples. This debate is because of the built-in features, which are so many in Angular, and so few in React. Let’s take a look: 

 

Angular 

 

The Angular framework has a lot of stuff built into it. Data binding, project generation, form validation, component-based routing, and many other functions are available in the Angular package. You do not need additional libraries. It also has a scaffolding, which means Angular CLI comes with commands that generate components for you. 

 

So when you generate a component, it gives you a CSS file, HTML file, typescript file, and a test file. In general, Angular has a very opinionated structure, which means you do not have to bother about your structure too much. It is all pretty much given to you. 

 

React 

 

 

For instance, routing is not built into React: you need a package for it like React Router. For state management too, you cannot get along with only React: you should get Redux. Although Angular developers too might get extra packages for some functions, it is mainly a question of preference. Angular does have it all covered, while React is pretty minimal. 

 

However, this the minimalistic approach helps React in the next aspect: 

 

Learning Curve 

 

Now this aspect is only relevant for developers who are thinking about which framework to study. As we have mentioned, React is very minimalistic, which means it is also easier to learn. Angular, on the other hand, gets very complicated at times. Here’s a deep dive into the learning curve: 

 

Angular 

 

As we have said, Angular is a self-sufficient framework with a lot of built-in features. It means that there are many concepts associated with Angular that will take a lot of time to learn. Moreover, there are a lot of things in Angular that are Angular specific.

 

 Some syntaxes in Angular, for instance, are only used in Angular, and they do get pretty complicated. Many complex features are embedded into the core, meaning that you have to learn them if you want to use Angular. Plus, there is more than one way to solve a simple issue. 

 

Although Angular uses TypeScript is similar to JavaScript, it nevertheless takes some time to learn. So, when it comes to learning, Angular is a tough one. 

 

React 

 

Opposite of it is React. It has no classic templates, dependency injections, or overly intricate features. If you are familiar with JavaScript, then the framework will be easy to understand and learn. In comparison with Angular, React does not have a lot of features that are React only. The only time you will have to put some extra effort into it is when setting up a project. 

 

React does not have a predefined project structure, so it takes some time to set up your project. You will also have to learn Redux library, as it is used in half of React applications for state management. So although React might be easy to start with, it gets more complicated along the way as you should learn to work with the extra packages. 

 

The Community 

 

Finally, our last aspect of comparison is the community surrounding each of the frameworks. There is a large community of developers for both Angular and React. So in this sense, both of the frameworks are pretty much equal. However, there might be some differences when you take a closer look at it: 




Angular 

 

Angular is less admired than React because of the failure of Angular 1.0. Angular 1.0 was dismissed by a lot of developers, as they considered it too complicated and required too much time to learn. But with the update, Angular has been improved a lot. It has been used and developed by Google, so it does mean a lot. Moreover, Google is improving the framework regularly and providing support for it. 

 

React 

 

In comparison to Angular, React is more popular. It is one of the most used JS frameworks worldwide and has a supportive community around it. The main challenge with React is that you need to be a constant learner, as the framework and documentation are updated pretty often. But having such a large community will help you along the way. 

 

Summing up our Angular VS React comparison: there is no obvious winner; it depends on your needs and preferences. We hope our in-depth look at each of the frameworks will make it easier to understand whether you need Angular or React. 

 

Whichever you choose, you can be sure that the framework you are using will be a popular choice, and there is no way you can go wrong with either of them! 

Shopify VS Magento: Which Is Better in 2021?

Today starting your business is easier than ever. All can be done in the online format. You no longer have to rent a place if you are just a beginner. All you need is a website! But that is easier said than done. Creating a decent eCommerce website is a big deal, and if you do not take it seriously, it will be a failure. But what do you need for a good eCommerce website? A good eCommerce platform. 

 

Today, the most significant players in the market are Shopify and Magento. Both of them are great platforms for building your eCommerce business. However, it would be best if you chose them depending on your business needs. To make your job easier, we will have a quick Magento VS Shopify comparison to understand which is the best eCommerce platform for your business. 

 

Magento VS Shopify 

 

Before we dive into the feature comparison, let’s understand what each of these platforms is. So here is a quick recap for the beginners! 



 

 

 

Shopify 

 

Shopify is a CMS platform that helps anyone to create their online store and sell products. Shopify CMS was founded in 2008 by Tobias Lütke, who needed to sell Snowdevil snowboards. When creating the website, he realized how challenging it was to set up an online store. There was no easy-to-use platform for it. So, Tobias decided to create it, and that is how Shopify was born. 

 

Magento 

 

Magento was founded in 2007 by Roy Rubin and Yoav Kutner. It was initially part of the Varien project and was created while Rubin was still studying at UCLA. Varien released their first product, named Magento, in 2008 as an open-source platform. The name was inspired by the color magenta, initially featured in their logo. 

 

Today, Magento is the software powering billions of sales. It gives its users complete flexibility and control over the functionalities and design, allowing them to create customized Magento websites. 

 

Of course, you cannot notice too many differences with the first look between the Shopify and Magento platforms. However, they have a lot of dissimilarities when it comes to their features. So, we will start our Magento VS Shopify comparison with: 




The Complexity 

 

One of the most crucial features to consider when choosing an eCommerce platform is its ease to use. Now, both Shopify and Magento platforms are known for their user-friendliness. But which platform is right for you if you are a complete beginner? 

 

Well, Shopify is a total winner in this contest. Remember how Tobias was annoyed with all of the complexities of building an eCommerce platform? That made him come up with a platform that makes the process as simple as it can get. 

 

Shopify is way easier than Magento as it has a drag-and-drop website builder and is a one-stop-shop. This means you can easily customize your website, moving the page elements around as you wish. Shopify does not require a lot of coding from the user, while Magento’s target audience is mainly developers. 

 

So if you are looking for a not-complex, beginner-friendly eCommerce platform, Shopify is the answer. However, if you are a developer and are not scared of a little coding, then Magento should not be a problem. 

 

Still, in this contest, Shopify CMS is the winner. 

 

 

 

 

 

The Look 

 

Although you should not judge from appearance, let's face it: we all want to have a visually stunning website. So yes, you can love at first sight does exist when it comes to websites. But how do you get your Shopify or Magento website to look magical? You need well-designed themes! 

 

That is why our second feature in the Magento VS Shopify contest is the themes. Having the right theme for your website will improve the user experience and help you stand out from the others. So which eCommerce platform is better? Let’s start with Shopify

 

It has a lot of fantastic themes that you can also fully customize according to your needs. And as Shopify is really user-friendly, its themes are pretty easy to use too. So all you need in the case of Shopify is to have your products and content. Anything else can be found in their themes. 

 

Another advantage of Shopify themes is that they are mobile-friendly. Because mobile traffic has increased by 222% in the last few years, having a mobile-friendly theme is almost essential. The only sad news is that although you can find a couple of free Shopify themes, you have to pay for the majority of them. Now, let’s move to Magento

 

First of all, you do not have much choice of themes when it comes to Magento. You have in total 16 themes, and they come with a selection of paid and free options. Only 10 of these themes are mobile responsive: meaning they will allow your Magento site to auto-resize depending on the device.

 

 Though you can implement your theme and update its designs from the backend if you are a developer. This option is only applicable for developers as it requires a lot of coding knowledge. 

 

The great news with Magento is that it is way more flexible and has many customization features available. You can include product sliders to your homepage, add animations, or a newsletter functionality to your website footer. In short, if you are into it, with Magento, you can experiment endlessly and will have far more tools available. 

 

To sum up, if you do not have coding knowledge, then Shopify is the best solution. It has a wide range of themes available and is easily customizable. However, if you are a developer and want to get a more sophisticated look, then choose Magento has a couple of cool features not available in Shopify. 

 

So in this Magento VS Shopify round, there is no clear winner. It really depends on your preferences and coding knowledge. 






 

 

 

The Marketing Features 

 

Any eCommerce owner wants to boost its revenue, so his eCommerce platform should offer the right marketing tools to make it possible. That is why in our Magento vs Shopify comparison, we will include their marketing features too. 

 

As always, we will start with Shopify. Shopify offers a wide range of marketing tools. You can run email campaigns with third-party integrations such as Segundo, Constant Contact, and so on. Shopify allows you to advertise on Facebook, Pinterest, or Instagram directly. Plus, it supports multilingual websites, which means you can target your local market easily. 

 

Magento, on the other hand, uses Marketplace for its marketing tools. That means if you want to run an email campaign, for instance, you need to install the Remarkety extension. And as always, you will need some developer skills to be able to integrate the exceptional marketing tools. In the case of Shopify, the process was easier as it already had built-in marketing tools waiting for you. 

 

So, Shopify is pretty much the winner in this round too. Although Magento also offers a bunch of useful features, Shopify is still simpler to use. Plus, it does not require complicated extensions, as it has most of the tools built into the platform. 



 

 

 

Time for the final verdict! 

 

The winner is: Shopify 

 

In our comparison of Shopify and Magento platforms, we have looked at three major things: the complexity, look, and the marketing tools these platforms offer. In our comparison, Shopify turned out to be the winner as it was pretty easy to use, had a wide range of themes, and buckled you up with marketing tools. However, if you are not afraid of a little coding and want a more sophisticated platform, Magento is the right choice. 

 

Whichever you choose, make sure you also check their forums. Shopify forum provides an enhanced forum experience. You will have access to a community of over 500.000 Shopify merchants and partners and can have meaningful discussions with them. The same goes for Magento. Their forums will help you out in case you have any questions. 

 

So, choose the platform that suits your business needs the most, and scale up your eCommerce! 

 

How to Secure WordPress Website: A Guide to Website Security

One of the main arguments they bring against WordPress is its lack of security. WordPress security issues have always been a hot topic.  There are a lot of reasons for it. WordPress is an open-source platform, so it is assumed that it is also pretty vulnerable to all sorts of attacks. Plus, WordPress also relies on plugin and theme customization that anyone can do.

 

Most of the plugins and themes are designed by random developers, and there is not much control going on. Add to this the fact that WordPress is one of the most popular CMS platforms, and you will understand why it can turn into the number one goal of hackers. 

 

However, this does not mean that you should consider changing your CMS. Vice versa, WordPress became so famous for nothing. In fact, it is easy to use, flexible, SEO friendly, and has a bunch of other advantages for your websites. So what should you do? 

 

Well, you should take care of your website security instead. Don’t worry though, we have it all covered in this article. So: 

 

How to secure a WordPress site? 

 

After all of this, you might wonder: “How to make WordPress sites secure?” Well, we got you all covered! There are multiple tips you can use to improve your website security. From choosing the right hosting provider to updating your themes and plugins: we will mention all the steps you need to take for a more secure website. 

 

6 tips for improving your website security on WordPress 

 

Hosting is everything 

 

No really. If you are using shared hosting for your WordPress website, you will have to deal with WordPress security issues. The problem is that the shared hosting is using the same server and resources for multiple users. 

 

This is very risky as it means that if one of the users gets cyber attacked, it will automatically impact your website too, and it will be easier to hack you. Shared hosting usually has thousands of users on the same server, so it will cause many WordPress security issues. 

 

To avoid that, do not go for cheap hosting, but better for a reliable one. Try the managed hosting, which is way more secure for your website, as you do not share your server with hundreds of others. 

 

Moreover, managed hosting providers usually take care of the technical aspects of your hosting. This allows you to focus more on your business. So if you want to make your website secure, consider getting a reliable hosting provider that will do the hard work and protect your websites from hackers. 

 

Say no to the cracked themes 

 

We have all been there. Why give a lot of money for a premium theme if you can get a cracked one for free? This is a tempting offer, which most of the website owners might not be able to defeat. It seems like getting a nulled theme is a win-win as you get the functionality and look of the premium theme but do not pay money for it. However, you might end up paying much more. 

 

Some of the nulled themes that you installed from those shady websites might contain malicious hidden codes. These can destroy your website or remember your login credentials. So it is better to pay a little extra and legally get the premium theme you want than to put your website at risk. 

 

Plus, even if you have the legal themes, do not forget to update them. With every update, your themes and plugins become more secure. If you miss those updates, you will automatically increase the vulnerability of your website. In fact, many hackers use old plugins and themes to get easy access to your website. So make sure you don’t give them that chance. 

 

Update your WordPress 

 

Talking about updates, not only should you update your themes and plugins, but also your WordPress version overall. Every time WordPress introduces its new version, it also reveals the vulnerabilities of the previous version. 

 

So if you ignore the update and continue with the older version, you will be an easy target for hackers. That is why it is better to always use the most updated version of WordPress. 

Get an SSL Certificate 

 

The SSL (Single Sockets Layer) certificate was initially required only for ensuring security for specific activities, such as process payments. Nowadays, SSL certificates not only add a layer to your website security but also make it more SEO-friendly. The reason is that Google has recognized its importance and has moved the websites with SSL upper in the SERPs. 

 

In, In other words, today, it is pretty much mandatory to have an SSL certificate. It is especially crucial if your website deals with sensitive information (credit card numbers, passwords, personal details, etc.)

 

 If your website does not have an SSL, the data transmission from your user’s web browser to your server in plain text. It means that hackers can easily read it and hence easily take advantage of it. However, with the SSL, this information is encrypted. Thus, it makes it more difficult for hackers to read and so improves security. 

 

 

 

 

Think twice about your login credentials 

 

Let’s start with the WP-login URL. If you leave it by default, the address for logging in to your WordPress will be “yoursite.com/wp-admin.” However, if you do not change it you might be a target for brute force attacks. 

 

These types of attacks are used to get your username or password combination by continuously attempting logins. Even if they do not get your login credentials, too many failed attempts will temporarily close your access to WordPress, which certainly is not good news. To prevent this from happening, change your admin login URL or add a security question to the registration page. 

 

Also, make sure you use a strong password for your account. Now, it might seem an obvious step, but most of the owners would skip it by choosing a pretty simple password that they would not forget. It is useless to mention how insecure these types of passwords make your website. 

 

In fact, not only should you come up with a sophisticated password, but you should also, add a 2FA (two-factor authentication) to your website. This way, even if someone guesses your password, they will not be able to get into your WP account unless they have access to the 2FA you use. 

 

 

 

Consider installing a WP security plugin 

 

Finally, one of the easiest ways to get rid of the headache of WordPress security is to install a plugin that will take care of it all. In fact, without a plugin, it will take you a lot of time to regularly check your website for malware. You should also have a decent knowledge of coding to actually spot malware when you see it. Instead of all of it, you can simply install a plugin. 

 

WordPress security plugins help you take care of your website security by scanning for malware, sending you vulnerability reports, and regularly checking what is happening on your site. In short, it monitors your website 24/7. 

 

If you are wondering which plugin to use, you can try MalCare or Jetpack, both of which will keep your website safe.  

 

So, now you know how to secure your WordPress site: all you have to do is follow our six tips! Eventually, you will get a secure website and be able to enjoy your work peacefully. 

 

How to Find Skilled Developers in 2021

The technology industry continues to develop by jumps bounding with numerous technical innovations all around the world. Despite the Covid-19 pandemic, many tech companies are still in great demand for developers. Tech companies are always hiring cybersecurity engineers, DevOps, and many other engineers due to the high number of phishing attacks and severe digital competition amid the pandemic. 

Research suggests that hiring developers has never been this effortless with so many conference apps being available.

However, finding developers may seem quite complicated if you do not know how many opportunities you have in the contemporary digital world. From social media to customized platforms, you can find any developer you need:  freelancer, in-house, full-time, or part-time.

Remember, it’s best if you combine several strategies while searching for developers to come up with the best catch out there.  

 

Here are some of the most popular platforms of 2021 to consider while looking for skilled developers online.

 

LinkedIn

LinkedIn is a social media website mainly built for professional networking. As a small business, you can use the platform to find a developer among a wide range of candidates. 

What do you need to do?

Build your company’s profile page

Have both your current and former employees connect through the page

Search for developers using keywords (JS, Java, Python)

Send personalized invitations (Hello John…)

Remember, your current employees play a significant role in whether you will o have a good catch or not.




Quora

 

Just like Linkedin, Quora is another great platform (though less professional) where developers love to gather and share their knowledge. The easiest way to find a developer is by searching for topics in your area of interest. For instance, you can ask a certain tech stack question and have it answered by superb software developers. 

In a word, Quora hosts many gifted professionals, however, keep in mind that most Quora developers work for some of the biggest companies out there like Facebook, Google, so it will be quite challenging to find full- time developers here.

You can click here to learn more about how you can use Quora for further research.

 

Developer Meetups and Forums

 

A great way to get to know and connect with developers is to look for annual conferences or meetups locally. Even though due to the Covid-19 pandemic, many meetings have been transformed into virtual reality, finding a developer and recruiting them online is still relevant and possible. 

Just keep in mind that there exist a lot of different meetup categories, such as WCIT, Pycon

make sure you attend one, which coincides with your area of interest.

 

Coding Challenge Websites 

 

Coding Challenge websites can be a great place to search for potential developers, as developers who perform well, get featured on the related sites. Just search the specific skills you need for the project, and you may even find the code the particular developer has written. 

TopCoder, Coderbyte, HackerRank, CodeChef, and even HireVue are some of the greatest websites where you can find a matching developer. Some of them publish weekly blogs that make your searching journey even easier. You can even find some awesome challenge tests on sites like HireVue to test the developers before actually hiring them.

 

Facebook Groups 

 

Another efficient way to find a developer is by joining Facebook groups of developers or freelancers based on the location or a specific tech infrastructure. Of course, it may take some time to join certain groups due to their terms and conditions, however, it is usually not a big deal to post on those groups as long as you follow their regulations. Once you are accepted to the group, take your time and engage with the community, provide value to get one. After some time, you can post about your job opportunity or outreach the desirable candidates privately and schedule interviews with them if they get thrilled about the offer. 

 

 

 

 

Freelance Platforms 

If you consider hiring a freelance developer, looking for them in a freelance platform is probably the wisest thing to do. Before starting your research, keep in mind that freelance platforms are usually grouped into two main categories: general and niche.

General includes the most well-known and widespread platforms such as Freelancer, Upwork, Guru. Among the high number of registered freelancers, you will surely find developers through these platforms. However, the major problem in general platforms is that there is no vetting of developers, hence anyone can claim to be one, while niche platforms are originally made for developers. These usually have wider and more extensive evaluating procedures, which will accelerate the process of finding the right candidate for your business.

 

Among some of the most popular niche freelance platforms, ithire.com is quite an outstanding one. The platform lets the clients track how many hours the freelancer has been working on their project by viewing the screenshots. The payment method is simplified as much as possible. Money is being paid only after the client reviews the submitted tasks so that both parties will stay satisfied.

Finally, the feature that makes Ithire a bingo is the presence of the magical project managers. The company offers highly professional project managers certified and controlled by Ithire to plan, monitor, and execute your project and of course, guide the development team. 

Sounds confusing? How does it work? 

Project managers contact the client introducing themselves and their experience. After choosing a certain pm for the project, the client can either choose the developers or leave it on the pm to decide. Either way, Ithire makes sure there is no miscommunication between the clients and the freelancer

s. This unique feature makes the realization of the project quite effective which leaves entrepreneurs highly pleased. 

Post a job and find a freelancer on ithire.com for yourself! 

 

Let’s wrap it up! 

After finding a freelancer, one may say that even more challenges emerge such as the planning and implementation of the project. However, it all starts with choosing the right team members for your project. Just like when you try to hire a long-term employee to work in your company, finding a freelancer is the same. Put some reasonable effort into finding a developer, and you will have half of the job done!

 

 



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