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If you are into programming, you might have heard about front end and back end development. But if you are a complete beginner, these terms might be confusing to you. What exactly do they mean, and what is the difference between the front end and back end? In this blog post, we will take a deeper look at both of them so that you can finally understand which one is more suited for you.
Let's start from the central question:
Front end VS Back end: which one should you choose? Well, to make the right decision, you should first understand what each of them does.
Here's the difference between front end and back end in one sentence: the front end deals with the stuff the website user sees and interacts with, the back end deals with more technical aspects of website maintenance.
But, what if someone asked you right now, front end VS back end developer? Still not sure which one you would choose? Well, here's a more profound overview:
As a front end developer, you will work on the elements of a website that are visible to the user. But don't confuse it with a web designer. The web designer designs the website and the layout, but the front end developer is the one who implements and builds it.
The work of the back end developer, on the other hand, is not visible. He is the one who works on the core logic of the website or application. The user still interacts with the components designed by the back-end developer, but indirectly.
Now let's explore each of them.
Now let's look at the role of a front end developer from a more technical perspective. How will it be described in the job portals? As a junior front end developer, here's what you can expect to find in an average front end developer job post:
Eagerness to grow and learn new skills
Good organizational skills
Familiar with web browser testing and able to debug
Passion for web development
Familiarity and understanding of SEO principles
Create user-friendly and interactive web pages
Maintain and improve the website
Speed optimize the website
Collaborate with the design team
Stay up to date with new technologies
Build and maintain mobile-friendly features
Collaborate with the back end developers
Above was an example of a job description you might encounter as an entry-level front end developer. To be ready for it, here is what languages and frameworks you should be familiar with:
HTML is the markup language used to create websites. It stands for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML deals with various aspects of your website. You can use it to create paragraphs, headings, fonts, sections, and other principle features of your web page.
It is pretty easy to learn, even for a complete beginner. You can learn the basics in a few hours, and two weeks should be more than enough to have a full grasp of the language.
CSS opens up as Cascading Style Sheets. True, HTML helps you to build the basics of your website. But CSS makes them fancier by defining your website style. It deals with page layouts, fonts, colors, and other similar aspects.
You can think of it like this: if your website is a house, HTML is its foundation, and CSS is its interior design. Two homes can have the same foundation, but one may have a contemporary, industrial setting, while the other a more bohemian one.
The same goes for your website. So to come back to more technical terms, you use CSS to describe how your HTML elements get displayed on the website.
You can use it to add more complex features such as 2D or 3D animations, interactive maps, scrolling videos, and more. In short, it helps you to make your website more interactive and engaging.
Now let’s jump into:
SASS stands for Software as a Service. It refers to cloud-based services, where instead of downloading applications or software, you access it through the web browser.
Flutter is a UI software development kit, which is created by Google and is open-source.
Other frameworks that might come in handy are Vue.js, Bootstrap, Laravel, and etc.
Here is what they will require from you as a junior back end developer:
Basic knowledge of front end technologies
Working knowledge of PHP, C++, Java, and other back end programming languages
Good knowledge of SAAS, LESS and other CSS preprocessors
Understanding of OWASP security principles
Integrate UI elements designed by front-end developers into the server-side logic
Build and maintain reusable code
Speed optimize the application
Build and implement data storage solutions
Take care of the data security and protection
Here is the list of the back end programming languages you need to learn to get a job.
PHP was designed back in 1994 as a small open source project. However, it was fast to turn into one of the most popular back-end programming languages. PHP is an acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.
It is a server-side scripting language that can be easily embedded in HTML. You should learn PHP to manage databases, session trackings, and similar aspects. You can even build a complete eCommerce website with PHP !
Created by Bjarne Stroustrup C++ was initially an extension to the C programming language. It stands for "C with Classes." However, it was also fast to grow throughout the years, becoming a popular object-oriented generic language.
It is used to build games, operating systems, browsers, and so on. C++ is extremely powerful. Some of the large apps like Photoshop, Spotify, YouTube were written in C++.
Java is another general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that is a must for a back end developer. Java is a simple and secure language with many open-source frameworks that is why it is so popular. It is used to develop Java applications in data centers, supercomputers, game consoles, etc.
Other important languages you will need are:
A general-purpose, high-level language that is easy to read.
JS is the world's most popular programming language, which is very easy to learn.
Here is a quick overview of back end frameworks, that will help you:
We will quickly name the most popular back end frameworks.
Django : the framework for python. Famous use cases include Instagram and Pinterest.
Laravel: the framework for PHP. Famous use cases include Deltanet Travel, MyRank
Ruby on Rails: the framework for Ruby. Famous use cases include ZenDesk and Shopify.
Flask: the framework for python. Famous use cases include Reddit, Red hat.
One more question left unanswered is:
It's simple: if you are good at both front and back end development, you can become a full-stack developer. So, full-stack development requires a solid knowledge of both front end and back end aspects of web development.
In short, front end development deals with the stuff that the user sees or interacts with, while back end development deals with the server-side logic. And full stack development covers it all.
So figure out which is the most interesting for you, and start learning!